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Red Sea, Map, Bordering Countries, Location, Physical Features

Red Sea

Northeastern Africa to the west and the Arabian peninsula to the east encircle the semi-enclosed tropical basin that is the Red Sea. Between the Mediterranean Sea in the northwest and the Indian Ocean in the southeast is the elongated, narrow-shaped basin.

It divides into the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez at its northern end; the latter is joined to the Mediterranean Sea by the Suez Canal. Through the Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb, it is connected at its southernmost point to the Gulf of Aden and the outer Indian Ocean. It has no significant freshwater intake and is surrounded by semi-desert or desert terrain.

Read More: Atlantic Ocean

Red Sea Formation

The Red Sea is one of the youngest marine zones on Earth and a geologically recent opening because of the sluggish seafloor spreading that gave it its current shape over the last 4 to 5 million years. The basin is currently growing at a rate of 1-2 centimetres per year.

Read More: Adriatic Sea

Red Sea Bordering Countries

Six countries border the Red Sea namely Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Sudan, Eritrea, and Djibouti

Read More: Caribbean Sea

Red Sea Map

The Red Sea is bordered by six countries. Here is the detailed map of the Red Sea.

Red Sea Map










Red Sea Physical Features

The Red Sea is located in a fault depression that divides North Africa and Arabia, two substantial pieces of the Earth’s crust. The ground inland from the coastal plains rises to heights of more than 6,560 feet above sea level on either side, with the southernmost region being the highest. The Gulf of Suez to the northwest and the Gulf of Aqaba to the northeast divide the Red Sea at its northernmost point.

Approximately 180 to 210 feet deep, the Gulf of Suez is shallow and is surrounded by a wide coastal plain. On the other hand, the Gulf of Aqaba has a narrow plain encircling it and is 5,500 feet deep.

Read More: Arabian Sea

Red Sea Salinity

One of the saltiest bodies of water in the world is the Red Sea, for a variety of reasons. Low precipitation and high evaporation It has a slender southern link to the Gulf of Aden, an arm of the Indian Ocean, and no large rivers or streams flow into the sea.

With an average salinity of 40, its salinity varies from 36 in the southern half to 41 in the northern part near the Gulf of Suez. (On the Practical Salinity Scale, or PSU, the average salinity of the oceans is 35, or 3.5% of actual dissolved salts.)

Read More: Sea of Okhotsk

Red Sea Biodiversity

Sea turtles, dugongs, dolphins, and several endemic fish species are just a few examples of the diverse marine life that is supported by the Red Sea’s distinctive environments. Coral reefs are primarily found throughout the northern and central beaches, and as coastal waters get more murky, they become less common in the southern region.

Ras Mohammed National Park was established in 1983 as a result of the Egyptian government’s recognition of the region’s unique biodiversity. The laws and guidelines governing this region safeguard the indigenous marine life, which has grown to be a significant magnet for scuba divers.

Read More: Sea of Japan

Red Sea Economic Aspects

The Red Sea region is home to five main types of mineral resources, including petroleum deposits, evaporite deposits (sediments formed by evaporation, including halite, sylvite, gypsum, and dolomite), sulphur, phosphates, and heavy-metal deposits. The Red Sea is a crucial commerce waterway that connects Europe and Asia (through Suez Canal). Recreational diving sites are found in the sea.

Read More: South China Sea

Why Red Sea is Red?

The Red Sea’s name is derived from seasonal blooms of the red-coloured algae Trichodesmium erythraeum on the water’s surface. This theory is the most widely accepted explanation for the name. Others argue that it is related to the frequent usage of colours in Asiatic languages to denote the four cardinal directions, with “red” denoting “south” and the Black Sea possibly denoting “north.”

Read More: East China Sea

Red Sea UPSC

Inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia, the Red Sea is one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world. Huge coral reefs in the Red Sea are home to a variety of plants and animals, including enormous anemones, hawksbill turtles, red lionfish, and clownfish.

Read about: Pacific Ocean

Other Indian Geography Topics

Seasons of India Mountains of India
Mangrove Forests in India Important Mountain Passes in India
Monsoon in India
Indus River System
Climate of India
Rivers of India
Tributaries of Ganga
National Parks in India
Important Dams in India
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Tiger Reserves in India
Northern Plains of India
Physiography of India
Important Lakes of India
Wetlands in India
Biodiversity in India
Natural Vegetation in India Earthquakes in India
Types of Soil in India
Ramsar Sites in India
Brahmaputra River System
Hydropower Plants in India
Nuclear Power Plants in India
Major Ports in India
Biosphere Reserves in India
Waterfalls in India

Other Fundamental Geography Topics

Solar System Types of Clouds
Structure of the Atmosphere Himalayan Ranges
Component of Environment
El Nino and La Nina
Coral Reef
Continental Drift Theory
Endogenic and Exogenic Forces
Indian Ocean Region
Pacific Ocean
Indian Ocean Dipole
Air Pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment
Tropical Cyclone
Western Disturbances
Types of Rocks

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Why Red Sea is called Red Sea Upsc?

The red sea’s name comes from the colour shifts in its waters that have been noticed. The Red Sea is typically a deep blue-green colour, although sometimes it may be covered in large blooms of the algae Trichodesmium erythraeum, which when they die off give the water a reddish-brown hue.

Which sea is called the Red Sea in India?

The Red Sea was referred to as the Arabian Gulf or Gulf of Arabia by certain early geographers.

Why is the Black Sea called the Black Sea?

According to popular belief, the term "Black Sea" stems from either the region's climate or the water's dark colour. Some academics think the name comes from a system of colour symbolism that uses black or dark for the north, red for the south, white for the west, and green or light blue for the east to represent the four cardinal directions.

How many countries touches the Red Sea?

The Red Sea is bordered by a total of six Asian and African nations. The Red Sea is bordered to the east by Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Sudan, Eritrea, and Djibouti border the Red Sea to the west, while Egypt borders it to the north and west.

Why is the Red Sea famous for?

The Red Sea is renowned for its exceptional and magical diving locations. It is the primary location for scuba diving and snorkelling, which are popular tourist activities in Egypt. It is the finest area to learn about marine life because it boasts more than 1200 different fish species, including 44 different species of sharks.

Which country is the Red Sea in?

The Red Sea, one of the world's warmest seas, is located between Saudi Arabia and Egypt in the Middle East.


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