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UPSC Exam Pattern 2024, Check Prelims and Mains Paper Pattern

UPSC Exam Patten 2024 has released by the official Notification of UPSC Civil Service Exam 2024 on 14 February 2024. UPSC Exam in consists of three stage of selection process which is Prelims, Mains and  Interview or Personal Test. We have discuss the UPSC Paper Paper in this Article along with Prelims, Mains and Interview. 

UPSC Exam Pattern 2024

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) publishes the UPSC Exam Pattern to assess candidates’ academic knowledge and ability to organize their responses for the IAS Exam 2024. Because of this, candidates must have a thorough understanding of the IAS Exam Pattern for Prelims and Mains. Candidates may better organize their time and prepare for the exam if they thoroughly know the format. It will also be more straightforward to match their study plan to the requirements of the exam. Thanks to the UPSC Exam Pattern 2024, candidates will be able to interpret a clear image of the number of questions and negative markings. The complete UPSC Exam Pattern for each stage and comprehensive information on the negative marking policy are provided below. Candidates can properly prepare for the exam with a thorough understanding of the IAS Exam Pattern 2024.

UPSC Exam Pattern 2024 – Overview

The UPSC Exam Pattern is broken down into three parts in the IAS Selection Process.

  • To advance to the next step, candidates must pass each one.
  • Candidates who pass the Prelims Exam become qualified to sit for the Mains Exam, and after clearing the Mains exam, will receive a call for the Personality test round.

It is crucial to thoroughly understand the entire UPSC Exam pattern for the prelims, mains, and interviews because the IAS Exam cycle lasts an entire year. Candidates can obtain all of the information about the IAS Exam Pattern provided below.

Stages Name No. Of Papers Type Of Exam Marks
Stage 1 UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2 Papers (GS 1 & CSAT Papers) Objective 400
Stage 2 UPSC Mains Exam Pattern 9 Papers Descriptive 1750
Stage 3 IAS Interview Personality Test 275
Total Marks UPSC Mains + Interview Marks = 2025 Marks

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UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2024

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern includes two papers, General Studies-1 and General Studies-2, or CSAT. The prelims exam’s two papers are conducted on the same day. CSAT Paper/GS Paper 2 of the UPSC Prelims is a qualifying paper. To be eligible, applicants must pass the CSAT with a minimum score of 33%. To ensure you pass the exam on your first try, familiarize yourself with the UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024.

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern
Prelims Paper Name of Questions Marks Allotted Time Allotted Nature of Paper
GS Paper I 100 Questions 200 2 hours Merit Ranking
GS Paper II (CSAT) 80 Questions 200 2 hours Qualifying
Total Marks in Prelims 400 Marks

UPSC Prelims Negative Marking Rule

According to the UPSC exam pattern for the Prelims, each question on General Studies-1 is for two points, and each question on the CSAT paper is worth five points. In the UPSC, one-third of the marks allotted to such questions would be deducted.

  • This indicates that there would be a negative marking of 0.66 for IAS Prelims Paper 1.
  • The UPSC negative marking for the CSAT will be 0.83.
UPSC Prelims Negative Marking Rule
Paper Total Questions  Total Marks Negative Marks
General Studies-1 100 2*100=200 0.66
General Studies-2 (CSAT) 80 2.5*80=200 0.83

Read more: UPSC Calendar 2024

UPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2024

The UPSC Main Exam Pattern consists of nine papers, two of which are qualifying in nature and the remaining seven are merit-determining papers. Those who pass the preliminary exam are qualified to take the main examination. For a better understanding of the subjects included in the main exam, download the UPSC Mains Syllabus 2024. Candidates must sit both qualifying and merit papers in accordance with the UPSC Mains Exam Pattern.

  • There will be a total of 9 papers, of which 2 will have qualifying characteristics, 4 will be for General Studies, and 2 will be for the optional courses.
  • For the Mains exam, candidates are permitted to select an optional topic.
  • All of the articles will also be descriptive.

The following papers will be included in the UPSC Mains 2024 written Examination:

UPSC Mains Exam Pattern
Paper Subject Nature Of Paper Time Allotted Total marks
Paper A Compulsory Indian language Qualifying (75 Marks required. ie. 25%) 3 hours 300
Paper B English 3 hours 300
Paper I Essay Final Merit (Marks will be counted in the final merit list) 3 hours 250
Paper-II General Studies I 3 hours 250
Paper III General Studies II 3 hours 250
Paper IV General Studies III 3 hours 250
Paper V General Studies IV 3 hours 250
Paper VI Optional I 3 hours 250
Paper VII Optional II 3 hours 250
UPSC Mains Total Marks 1750

Candidates from Meghalaya, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur, and Nagaland, as well as those with hearing impairment, are exempt from taking Paper A. These candidates must, however, demonstrate that their university or board has exempted them from taking second or third language courses.

UPSC Mains Marks Distribution

  • Papers A and B are qualifying according to the UPSC mains exam pattern, and all other papers are taken into consideration for merit.
  • To be taken into consideration for the final merit list, candidates must receive at least a 25% on each paper.
  • There are 300 marks on each of Papers A and B.
  • The last seven papers each carry a total of 250 points.

UPSC Mains Exam Pattern Optional Subjects

The main pattern comprises two optional papers, as was already mentioned. According to the UPSC Marking Scheme, each paper carries 250 points. From the list of UPSC Optional Subjects, candidates are free to select any subject they desire. The complete list of electives is provided in the link below.

UPSC Mains Paper Pattern (Optional Subjects List)
 Agriculture Law
 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Management
Anthropology Mathematics
Botany Mechanical Engineering
Chemistry Medical Science
Civil Engineering Philosophy
Commerce and Accountancy Physics
Economics PSIR
Electrical Engineering Psychology
Geography Public Administration
Geology Sociology
 History Statistics

For the Language-based/ literature of languages, the scripts to be used by the candidates will be as under:

S.No Language Script
1 Assamese Assamese
2 Bengali Bengali
3 Gujarati Gujarati
4 Hindi Devanagari
5 Kannada Kannada
6 Kashmiri Persian
7 Konkani Devanagari
8 Malayalam Malayalam
9 Manipuri Bengali
10 Marathi Devanagari
11 Nepali Devanagari
12 Oriya Oriya
13 Punjabi Gurumukhi
14 Sanskrit Devanagari
15 Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic
16 Tamil Tamil
17 Telugu Telugu
18 Urdu Persian
19 Bodo Devanagari
20 Dogri Devanagari
21 Maithili Devanagari
22 Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki

UPSC Interview Exam Pattern 2024

After clearing the written examination, the candidate faces a Personality Test in which most questions are based on general interests topics. The purpose of the interview round or personality test is for a Board of knowledgeable and objective UPSC observers to examine if the candidate is suitable for a career in public service.

  • According to the UPSC Paper Pattern, there will be a total of 275 points awarded for the interview phase.
  • The final merit list will be created based on the candidate’s scores in the Mains and Interview when the UPSC Result of the interview round is announced.

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Will there be a UPSC exam in 2024?

Yes, On May 26, 2024, the UPSC CSE exam will take place.

How can I prepare for CSE 2024?

UPSC CSE is a comprehensive examination. For the preparation of this exam, candidates should be aware of the UPSC CSE exam pattern and syllabus thoroughly. This exam takes at least one year to complete all the important parts of the syllabus.

When will IAS form come in 2024?

As per the 2024 calendar, the application form for UPSC Prelims 2024 is set to be accessible starting from February 14, 2024. The deadline for submission is scheduled for March 5, 2024.

How many months current affairs UPSC 2024?

For the civil service examination, UPSC does not specify a certain time limit for covering current affairs. However, aspirants can prepare for at least one year (from may 2023 onwards to April/May month of  2024) of current affairs thoroughly.


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