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Mediterranean Sea, Map, Bordering Countries, Significance

Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a large, inland sea located between Europe, Africa, and Asia. It covers an area of about 2.5 million square km and is connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Strait of Gibraltar. The Mediterranean Sea, which connects to the Atlantic Ocean, is bounded on three sides by land: on the north, Southern Europe and Anatolia; on the south, North Africa; and on the east, the Levant. The Mediterranean Basin also encircles it.

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Mediterranean Sea in World Map

Here is the Map of the Mediterranean Sea to understand the geographical location of the Mediterranean Sea region:

Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea Map

Mediterranean Sea Countries

Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey are among the 21 nations that share a border with the Mediterranean Sea.

The Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean to the west via the Strait of Gibraltar, the Black Sea to the east via the Dardanelles Straits, and the Red Sea to the south via the Suez Canal. Africa’s Nile River empties into the Mediterranean Sea.

Additionally, the British Overseas Territories of Gibraltar, Akrotiri, and Dhekelia, as well as the Gaza Strip, have coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea. The term “Palestine” has historically been used to refer to the region that includes the State of Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.

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Mediterranean Sea Geography

The Mediterranean Sea is roughly oval-shaped, with a long axis running east to west and a short axis running north to south. The Mediterranean Sea is defined by the coastlines of Europe, Africa, and Asia and is split into two deep basins, according to the International Hydrographic Organization. It stretches from the Strait of Gibraltar in the west to the entrances to the Dardanelles and the Suez Canal in the east.

  • Bays and Gulfs: The Mediterranean has several large bays and gulfs, including the Gulf of Sidra in Libya, the Gulf of Gabès in Tunisia, and the Gulf of Antalya in Turkey.
  • Straits: The Mediterranean is connected to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar and to the Red Sea through the Suez Canal.
  • Islands: The Mediterranean has several large islands, including Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, and Ibiza, as well as numerous smaller islands.
  • Western Basin: A line connecting Cape Spartel’s and Cape Trafalgar’s (both in Spain) westernmost points (Africa). The west coast of Italy is in the northeast. A line in the Strait of Messina connecting Cape Peloro, Sicily’s easternmost point, with Cape Paci, the cape’s northernmost point (15°42′E). Sicily’s northern coastline.

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Mediterranean Sea Significance

The Mediterranean Sea has significant cultural, historical, economic, and environmental importance:

  • Historical: The Mediterranean has been an important trade route for thousands of years and has seen the rise and fall of many civilizations, including the Ancient Egyptians, Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans.
  • Cultural: The Mediterranean basin is home to diverse cultures, including Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, and has greatly influenced art, architecture, literature, music, and religion.
  • Economic: The Mediterranean is a major shipping lane for goods and oil, and its coastline is a popular tourist destination.
  • Environmental: The Mediterranean is a semi-enclosed sea with a unique climate and ecosystem, making it a biodiversity hotspot, but also vulnerable to pollution and overfishing.

Mediterranean Sea UPSC

The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental body of water that divides Europe from Africa and spans from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Asia in the east. It is frequently referred to as the birthplace of Western civilization.

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Other Indian Geography Topics

Seasons of India Mountains of India
Mangrove Forests in India Important Mountain Passes in India
Monsoon in India
Indus River System
Climate of India
Rivers of India
Tributaries of Ganga
National Parks in India
Important Dams in India
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Tiger Reserves in India
Northern Plains of India
Physiography of India
Important Lakes of India
Wetlands in India
Biodiversity in India
Natural Vegetation in India Earthquakes in India
Types of Soil in India
Ramsar Sites in India
Brahmaputra River System
Hydropower Plants in India
Nuclear Power Plants in India
Major Ports in India
Biosphere Reserves in India
Waterfalls in India

Other Fundamental Geography Topics

Solar System Types of Clouds
Structure of the Atmosphere Himalayan Ranges
Component of Environment
El Nino and La Nina
Coral Reef
Continental Drift Theory
Endogenic and Exogenic Forces
Indian Ocean Region
Pacific Ocean
Indian Ocean Dipole
Air Pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment
Tropical Cyclone
Western Disturbances
Types of Rocks

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What is the Mediterranean Sea famous for?

The Mediterranean Sea is known for its crystal-clear, azure waters all throughout the world. It is home to a huge variety of marine life, many of which are unique to the area. The Mediterranean is said to be home to 8–9% of all marine life on earth.

Which country is the Mediterranean Sea located in?

The nations in the Mediterranean region are those that border the Mediterranean Sea or are situated in its basin. Twenty sovereign nations border the sea, including two island nations entirely within it, in Southern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa (Malta and Cyprus).

Is the Mediterranean sea the Indian Ocean?

Through the Suez Canal, which is reached via the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean is artificially linked to the Mediterranean Sea without the need for a ship lock. The Gulf of Oman and the Strait of Hormuz connect the Arabian Sea to the Persian Gulf.

Why the water of the Mediterranean Sea is blue?

Longer wavelengths of light are first absorbed by the ocean's surface before lesser wavelengths are reflected by our eyes. Water molecules act as a filter, absorbing the red portions of the light spectrum while retaining the blue portions, which are reflected by human eyes.

Why the Mediterranean Sea is called the heart of the Roman Empire?

Because the Roman empire was founded in the region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, it is known as "The Heart of the Roman Empire." The Mediterranean Sea coast was home to all of the nations that made up the Roman empire in Europe, Africa, and Asia.


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