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Lakes in India, State wise and Largest Lakes of India

Lakes of India

A lake is a vast body of water that is deeper and bigger than a pond. A sizable body of water is encircled by land. A lake is not a sea or the same as an ocean. Even though some lakes are enormous, they don’t flow like rivers. Most lakes on Earth are freshwater bodies of water. Several artificial lakes and reservoirs were created to store water for irrigation, industry, or residential usage.
When a lake’s water evaporates quickly, and the surrounding terrain contains a lot of salt, like in very arid regions, it has a high percentage of salt, earning it the name “salt lake.”

S.No Category of Lake in India
1. Freshwater Lakes
2. Saltwater Lakes
3. Natural Lakes
4. Oxbow Lakes
5. Artificial Lakes
6. Crater Lakes

List of Lakes in India

Important Lakes in India is given below:-

Lakes of India State/UT
Pulicat lake Andhra Pradesh
Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh
Haflong Lake Assam
Deepor Beel Assam
Chandubi Lake Assam
Kanwar lake Bihar
Hamirsar Lake Gujarat
Kankaria Lake Gujarat
Badkhal Lake Haryana
Brahma Sarovar Haryana
Chandra Taal Himachal Pradesh
MaharanaPratap Sagar Himachal Pradesh
Dal Lake Jammu Kashmir
Wular Lake Jammu Kashmir
Agara Lake Karnataka
Ulsoor Lake Karnataka
Kuttanad Lake Kerala
Sasthamkotta Kerala
Bhojtal Madhya Pradesh
Shivsagar Maharashtra
Loktak lake Manipur
Umiam Lake Meghalaya
Tam Dil Mizoram
Chilika Lake Odisha
Harike Punjab
Kanjli Punjab
Sambhar Lake Rajasthan
Tsomgo Lake Sikkim
Chembarambakkam Tamil Nadu
Hussain Sagar Telangana
Govind Bhallabh Pant Sagar Uttar Pradesh
Belasagar Uttar Pradesh
Bhimtal Uttarakhand
Kaliveli Tamil Nadu

Check out the linked article on the UPSC CSE Syllabus 2024 Here!

Top Five Largest Lakes of India

1. Vembanad Lake

Location Kerala
Type Brackish and Freshwater
Square Area 2033 square km
Depth 12 m
  • This lake can be found in three separate state districts. 
  • This lake borders Kumarakom, a well-known tourist resort. 
  • This lake is famous for backwater houseboatsbirdwatchingphotography, and other activities. 
  • In the main body of the lake, the renowned snake boat race and Nehru Trophy boat race are held. 
  • Many migratory birds can be seen in and around this lake if one visits in the winter.

2. Chilika Lake

Location Odisha
Type Brackish
Square Area 1165 square km
Depth 4.2 m
  • This sizable lake, the largest coastal lagoon in the nation and the second largest in the world was formed by about 52 streams. 
  • The area transforms into a breeding habitat for migrating birds during the winter. 
  • This lake serves 132 communities and more as a fishing resource. 
  • The lake’s main draw is Nalaban Island, designated a bird sanctuary. 
  • In addition, there are other islands such as Parikud, Becon, Breakfast, Honeymoon, and Birds’ Island.
  • Dolphin watching, picturesque travel, monument spotting, and boat tours through the lake are all possible.

3.Shivaji Sagar Lake

Location Maharashtra
Type Artificial and freshwater
Square Area 891.7 square km
Depth 80 m
  • Shivsagar Lake is another name for this body of water, which was created by damming the Koyna River.
  • For those looking for a picnic location, the lake offers a beautiful view.
  • There are no other tourism-related activities associated with this water supply.

4. Indira Sagar Lake

Location Madhya Pradesh
Type Artificial and freshwater
Square Area 627 square km
  • The Narmada River was dammed to create this lake.
  • It is the second-largest power source in the nation and provides water for agriculture to the nearby villages.

5. Pangong Lake

Location Ladakh
Type Saline
Square Area 700 square km
Depth 100 m
  • This lake connects China and India. China occupies more than 60% of the lake. 
  • This lake freezes during the harshest winters. 
  • Thus, the best time is between May and September. 
  • The lake’s shores are a state stereotype for camping areas. 
  • Many birds that are migrating can be seen. 
  • Based on where the sun is in the sky, the lake’s color varies throughout the day.

Check out the linked article on the UPSC CSE Prelims Syllabus 2024 Here!

State wise List of Lakes in India

Kolleru Lake – Andhra Pradesh

  • India’s largest lake is situated between the Krishna and Godavari deltas.
  • Under the Ramsar treaty, it was designated a wetland of international significance in 2002.

Sambhar Lake – Rajasthan

  • The largest inland salt lake in India is Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan.
  • The Sambhar Lake is mentioned in the Mahabharata as being a component of the demon king Brishparva’s realm.

Pushkar Lake – Rajasthan

  • Found in the Rajasthani district of Ajmer’s Pushkar town.
  • Hindus revere Pushkar Lake as a sacred body of water.
  • During the Kartika Poornima holiday in November, thousands of pilgrims visit to take a dip in the lake.

Lonar Lake- Maharashtra

  • After a meteorite struck Earth 50,000 years ago, the Lonar Lake was created.
  • Lonar Lake’s colour changed to pink over night recently, and this information has been reported in the media.
  • Some experts speculate that the pink hue may result from the presence of algae and a low water level.

Pulicat Lake- Andhra Pradesh

  • The massive barrier island known as Sriharikota divides the lake from the Bay of Bengal; it is the second-largest brackish-water lake or lagoon in India.
  • The Satish Dhawan Space Center, where India’s first successful lunar space mission, the Chandrayaan-1, was launched, is located on the island.

Loktak Lake -Manipur

  • North-East India’s largest freshwater lake
  • KeibulLamjao, the only floating national park in the world and the final remaining habitat of the critically endangered sangai or Manipur brow-antlered deer, floats above it.
  • The Ramsar Convention named it a wetland of world importance in 1990.

Sasthamcotta Lake – Kerala

  • Kerala’s largest freshwater lake.
  • The existence of a sizable population of cavaborus larva, which eats germs in the lake water, is responsible for the lake’s water’s purity for drinking..

Vembanad Lake -Kerala

  • The longest lake in India and the largest lake in the state of Kerala.
  • The Nehru Trophy Boat Race is conducted in a portion of the lake.

Chilka Lake -Odisha

  • Chilika Lake is the largest wintering habitat for migrating birds on the Indian subcontinent.
  • It is a brackish water coastal lake. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.

Dal Lake – Jammu Kashmir

  • The Dal Lake, also referred to as “Srinagar’s Jewel,” is a lake in Srinagar that is essential to tourism.
  • On the shores of Dal Lake is the biggest tulip garden in Asia.
  • On the shores of Dal Lake lie the NishatBagh, Shalimar Bagh, and Mughal Gardens.

Nalsarover Lake- Gujarat

  • In 1969, Nalsarovar Lake and the marshes nearby were designated as a bird sanctuary.

Tsomgo Lake – Sikkim

  • Sikkim’s Tsongmo Lake, also known as Changu Lake, is a glacier lake.
  • The lake serves as the setting for the Guru Purnima festival, during which Jhakris from Sikkim congregate there to take advantage of the lake’s therapeutic properties.

Bhimtal Lake – Uttarakhand

  • It is the largest lake in the Kumaon region, which is referred to as India’s “lake district.”
  • The lake has a “C” form.

Barapani Lake- Meghalaya

  • Shillong is home to Barapani or Umiam Lake, which was created in 1965 as a result of the UmiamUmtru Hydro Electric Power Plant, the first hybrid power project in India’s northeast.

Nainital Lake – Uttarakhand

  • Located in the Nainital region, which is also known as India’s Lake District, the lakes are kidney- or crescent-shaped.

Periyar Lake -Kerala

  • Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, a famous elephant reserve and tiger reserve, is situated on the banks of Periyar Lake.
  • Periyar Lake was created in 1895 by building a dam across the Mullaperiyar River.

Hussain Sagar Lake – Telengana

  • Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali constructed the lake in Hyderabad in 1562, during the reign of Ibrahim QuliQutub Shah.
  • Links Hyderabad and Secunderabad, two twin cities.
  • The 16-meter-tall, 350-ton monolithic Buddha statue atop the “Rock of Gibraltar” placed in the middle of the lake is a main draw at Hussain Sagar..

Salim Ali Lake – Maharashtra

  • It has been renamed in honour of Salim Ali, a famous naturalist and ornithologist who is also referred to as the birdman of India.
  • The Salim Ali Sarovar (lake), often referred to as Salim Ali Talab, is situated in Aurangabad close to Delhi Gate and across from HimayatBagh.

Kanwar Lake- Bihar

  • The largest freshwater oxbow lake in Asia is the KanwarTaal or KabarTaal Lake.

Nakki Lake – Rajasthan

  • The Indian hill town of Mount Abu in the Aravalli range is home to Nakki Lake.
  • On February 12, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi’s ashes were scattered into this Holy Lake, and Gandhi Ghat was built.

Bhojtar Lake- Madhya Pradesh

  • The largest artificial lake in Asia, sometimes referred to as Upper Lake.
  • It is located on the western outskirts of Bhopal, the state capital of Madhya Pradesh.

Wular Lake – Jammu Kashmir

  • The Jhelum River feeds India’s largest freshwater lake, Lake Basin, which was created by geological activity.

Ashtamudi Lake

  • Under the Ramsar Convention, it has been designated as a wetland of international significance.

s Pulicat Lake

  • The second-largest brackish water lake on the Coromandel Coast is Pulicat Lake.
  • It is located on the border of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
  • The lake and the Bay of Bengal are divided by the barrier island of Sriharikota

Salt Water Lakes of India

Sambhar Lake Rajasthan

  • It is India’s largest inland salt lake.
  • The Sambhar lake is a bowl-shaped body of water that surrounds the historic town of Sambhar Lake Town, which is situated on National Highway 8 in Rajasthan, 64 kilometres north of Ajmer and 96 kilometres south of Jaipur (in northwest India).

Artificial Lakes of India

Bhojtal Lake

  • The largest artificial lake in Asia, Bhojtal, formerly known as “Upper Lake,” is situated in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
  • It is a crucial source of drinking water for the residents of the city.

Gobind Sagar Lake

  • The Himachal Pradesh districts of Una and Bilaspur contain the reservoir known as Gobind Sagar Lake.
  • It was formed as a result of the Bhakra Dam.
  • Guru Gobind Singh, the eleventh Sikh guru, was honoured with the reservoir’s naming, which is situated on the Sutlej River. One of the highest gravity dams in the world is the Bhakra Dam.

Jaisamand Lake

  • Dhebar Lake, often referred to as Jaisamand Lake, is the second-largest freshwater artificial lake in the nation and the first historical lake in India.
  • It is located in the Udaipur District of the western Indian state of Rajasthan.

Hussain Sagar Lake

  • Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah created the heart-shaped Hussain Sagar Lake near Hyderabad, Telangana in 1563.
  • In 1563, Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah built Hussain Sagar to span a Musi River stream.
  • Hussain Shah Wali, the Kingdom’s Master of Architecture, was honoured with a lake name.

Chembarambakkam Lake

  • About 25 kilometres from the city centre, in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, is a lake called Chembarambakkam Lake.
  • Along with Puzhal Lake, it is one of two rain-fed reservoirs that collect water for transmission to Chennai City.

Natural Lakes of India

Natural Lakes of India Location
Kolleru Lake Andhrapradesh
Sambhar Lake Rajasthan
Pushkar Lake Rajasthan
Wular lake Jammu and Kashmir
Pulicat Lake Andhra Pradesh-Tamil Nadu state border
Loktak Lake Manipur
Chilka Lake Odisha
Dal Lake Srinagar , Kashmir
Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala
Vembanad Lake Kerala
Nalsarovar Lake Gujarat
Salim Ali Lake Delhi
Kanwar Lake Bihar

Importance of Lake in India

  • Because they are used as tourist destinations and for recreational activities like boating and water sports, lakes are immensely beneficial to humans. It is directly tied to an individual’s income.
  • Why Lakes assist ensure a steady flow of water throughout the dry season and during periods of high rainfall by preventing floods. A river’s flow is maintained in part by lakes.
  • Hydropower can be developed or produced by using lakes. By preserving the aquatic ecology, increasing the natural beauty, and contributing to the growth of tourism and recreation, they contribute to control the climate environment.
  • The Salt Water Lake is also a salt producing site.

Important Lakes of India UPSC

Facts Name of the Lake
Deepest lake in the world Baikal (fresh water) in Russia
Largest fresh water lake Lake Superior, between Canada and the USA
Largest lake in the world Caspian Sea, bounded by Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan,
Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan
Saltiest lake in the world Dead Sea bounded by Israel, Jordan and West Bank
Lowest lake in the world Dead Sea between Israel and Jordan
Largest lake in India Sambhar lake in Rajasthan
Largest fresh-water lake in India Kolleru lake in Andhra Pradesh
Largest coastal lagoon in India Chilka lake in Orissa
Sriharikota island is located in Pulicat lake in Andhra Pradesh
Land of lakes in india Udaipur, Rajasthan
Country known as land of thousand lakes Finland

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How many lakes are in India?

Lakes are found in landscapes like Hilly areas, plains, plateaus, rift zones, etc. There are many lakes in India, of which 62 are important lakes in India, i.e., lakes in almost all the states and Union territories

Who is the famous lake in India?

Bhimtal Lake is one of the largest Natural Lakes in India, located in the town of Bhimtal in the state of Uttarakhand. This lake is known to be the largest in terms of surface area in the Kumaon region and is a gorgeous sight for tourists.

Which is the 2nd largest lake in India?

2nd biggest Lake of India - Vembanad Lake

Which is deepest lake in India?

Manasbal is deepest lake in India

Which is India's largest salt lake?

Sambhar Salt Lake is India's largest salt lake


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