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Science and Technology UPSC Notes For Prelims and Mains Exam

Science and Technology UPSC Notes

The UPSC Science and Technology Syllabus is vital, featuring in both UPSC IAS Prelims General Studies-I and Mains GS-3 papers. It imparts knowledge of India’s scientific and technological progress, covering inventions, discoveries, and contemporary developments like nuclear energy and defence missiles.

Notably, this syllabus aligns with various optional Mains subjects like Botany, Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Anthropology, Animal Husbandry, and Veterinary Science. Aspirants benefit from a structured approach following the topic-wise syllabus for effective UPSC exam preparation. UPSC Prelims typically include 11-13 questions on General Science topics, underscoring the need for comprehensive readiness in this area.


Science and Technology Syllabus for UPSC

Understanding the UPSC syllabus is the first step toward success. The Science and Technology syllabus includes topics like biotechnology, information technology, space technology, and more. Familiarize yourself with this syllabus to create a structured study plan.

Science and Technology Prelims Syllabus
  • The Big Bang Theory
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Four Fundamental Forces of Nature
  • Atoms & Molecules
  • Elements, Compounds & Mixtures
  • Basics of Nuclear Chemistry
  • Viral Diseases
  • Microbes
  • Cells – Plants vs. Animals
  • Proteins, Amino Acids, Enzymes
  • Vitamins and Minerals – Deficiency Diseases
Current Events Science and Technology news related to defense, nuclear energy, vaccines, etc.
Science and Technology Main Syllabus
  • India’s Policy in the Field of Science & Technology
  • The Science & Technology Policy Resolution in 1958
  • Science & Technology Policy 2013
  • Satellite Communication in India
  • INSAT Satellite Applications
  • Remote Sensing Applications
  • Cryogenic Rockets
IT, Telecom & Electronics
  • IT Industry in India
  • Applications of Information Technology
  • Display Technologies
  • Missile System and its Classification
  • India’s Missile System
  • India’s Ballistic Missile Defense System
Nano-Science & Nano-Technology
  • Nanoscience Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials
  • Applications of Nanotechnology
  • Health & Environmental Impacts of Nanotechnology
  • Robotics & Artificial Intelligence
  • Applications of Robotics
  • Robotics and Issues of Unemployment
Nuclear Energy
  • Nuclear-Power Policy of India
  • Non-energy Applications of Nuclear Energy
  • Impact of Radiation
  • Issue of Radioactive Waste
  • Application of Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology Projects
  •  Issue of Bio-Piracy
  • Bioinformatics
Renewable Energy
  • Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)
  • Concept of Green Building
  • Tidal, Wave, Geothermal Energy
  • Fuel Cells
Achievements of Indians in Science & technology
  • Scientists of Ancient India
  • Science and Scientists of Medieval India
  • Scientists of Modern Indian History

Science and Technology Preparation Strategy

  • Conceptual Understanding: Start with building a strong foundation in science and technology concepts. Read NCERT textbooks from 6th to 10th grade to grasp the basics.
  • Current Affairs: Stay updated with the latest developments in science and technology. Follow reputable news sources and magazines regularly to understand how science impacts society.
  • Standard Reference Books: Invest in quality reference books like ‘Science and Technology in India’ by Kalpana Rajaram or ‘Science and Technology’ by Ravi Agrahari for in-depth knowledge.
  • Mock Tests: Practice mock tests and previous years’ question papers to improve your problem-solving skills and time management.

Science and Technology Important UPSC Topics

  • Missiles of india,
  • Nuclear power plants in India,
  • Important military exercises of India
  • India’s aircraft carrier
  • New CDS of India
  • fortified rice
  • Green Comet
  • 5-planetary-alignment
  • military operations of India
  • Kavach train protection system
  • Chandrayaan-3 mission
  • ISRO Chairman List
  • Chandrayaan 4 Mission/LUNAR
  • Mangalyaan Mission
  • Reciprocity and Non-Reciprocity in International Relations
  • Advancing Mosquito Control through Genetic Engineering
  • Developing Lab-Grown Human Embryo Models
  • Understanding Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
  • Synthetic Human Embryos: A Revolutionary Advance or an Ethical Dilemma
  • Exploring Bottlenecks in Human Evolution
  • Innovative Methods for Determining the Hubble Constant
  • The Aditya-L1 Space Mission
  • CSIR PRIMA ET11 and Streamlined Tractor Testing Procedures
  • Pioneering Electrified Flex-Fuel Vehicles
  • Advancements in Long-Read Sequencing and the Y Chromosome
  • Understanding Somatic Genetic Variants
  • Successful Landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the Moon’s South Pole
  • Gene Editing in Mustard Breeding for Agriculture
  • Navigating Challenges in Lunar Landing Missions
  • The Disruptive Potential and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Metaverse
  • Net Neutrality
  • Supercomputers
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Blockchain Technology
  • Automation and Job Impact in the Future
  • Understanding Malware: Viruses, Worms, Trojans, and Ransomware
  • Dark Web (Darknet)
  • AI in governance, healthcare, and industry
  • Ethical considerations in AI development
  • Robotics applications and their role in various sectors
  • Healthcare infrastructure in India
  • Public health challenges and initiatives
  • Genetic engineering and its ethical implications
  • Biotechnology regulatory framework in India
  • mission Covid Suraksha
  • Quantum dots

Science and Technology Syllabus UPSC

Mastering the Science and Technology section for the UPSC IAS exam is essential for a well-rounded understanding of today’s world. By following a structured study plan, staying updated with current affairs, and utilizing free study materials, you can enhance your knowledge and increase your chances of success in this challenging yet rewarding examination. Remember, consistency and dedication are the keys to achieving your IAS dreams.


Which GS paper is Science and Technology in UPSC?

Science and Technology is a part of the General Studies Paper III (GS-3) in the UPSC Civil Services Examination.

How to prepare notes for Science and Technology UPSC?

Identify Key Topics: Review the UPSC syllabus and identify important science and technology areas.
Use Standard Sources: Refer to standard textbooks, reports, and credible online resources.
Concise Notes: Summarize key points, concepts, and current developments.
Diagrams and Charts: Include visual aids for better understanding.
Regular Revision: Review notes frequently to retain information effectively.

Is it necessary to read NCERT for Science and Technology UPSC?

Given its consistent significance in the UPSC syllabus, candidates must thoroughly study Science & Technology. Primary sources for preparation include NCERT Books, providing fundamental knowledge in this area.

How to prepare science and technology Current Affairs for UPSC?

Prepare for UPSC Science and Technology Current Affairs by regularly reading credible sources, taking concise notes, understanding concepts, analyzing impacts, joining forums, practicing with mock tests, staying updated, and maintaining consistency.

Is Science and technology important in UPSC?

Science and technology topics hold significant importance in both the UPSC Prelims and Mains examinations, making them crucial subjects for candidates to master.

What comes under Science and technology in UPSC?

The UPSC Science and Technology section includes recent advancements, applications in daily life, intellectual property rights, Indian scientific achievements, government policies, challenges, and environmental issues, necessitating a broad understanding of these topics.

Which optional Mains subjects align with the Science and Technology syllabus?

Optional Mains subjects that align with the Science and Technology syllabus include Botany, Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Anthropology, Animal Husbandry, and Veterinary Science.

How many questions are typically asked in UPSC Prelims related to General Science topics?

UPSC Prelims usually include 11-13 questions on General Science topics, highlighting the importance of being well-prepared in this area.