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Ramsar Sites in India, List, Names, Map, Importance

Ramsar Sites in India

Ramsar Sites in India: On February 1st, 1982, India ratified the Ramsar convention to preserve and prevent Ramsar Sites. The Wetlands Rules 2017 permit notification of all wetlands, regardless of their location, size, ownership, biodiversity, or ecosystem services values, with the exception of river channels, paddy fields, man-made water bodies specifically built for drinking water, aquaculture, salt production, recreation, irrigation, and wetlands located in areas covered by the Indian Forest Act of 1927, the Forest (Conservation) Act of 1980, the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972, and the Coastal Regulation Zone 2011.

Over 7 lakh wetlands, or 4.5% of the country’s geographical area, exist in India, yet none of them have been recognized in accordance with domestic laws. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017, set forth regulations for wetlands. In India, there are 75 Ramsar Sites as of Feburary 2023.

The Ramsar sites are kept up-to-date in Montreux Record to monitor any significant ecological changes that could have a positive or negative impact on any of the wetland sites.

Ramsar Sites in India List

Here are the complete updated List of Ramsar Sites in India 2023:

S.No. Ramsar Sites in India State – Location
1 Ashtamudi Wetland Kerala
2 Beas Conservation Reserve Punjab
3 Bhitarkanika Mangroves Odisha
4 Bhoj Wetlands Madhya Pradesh
5 Chandra Taal Himachal Pradesh
6 Chilika Lake Odisha
7 Deepor Beel Assam
8 East Kolkata Wetlands West Bengal
9 Harike Wetlands Punjab
10 Hokera Wetland Jammu & Kashmir
11 Kanjli Wetland Punjab
12 Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan
13 Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve Punjab
14 Kolleru lake Andhra Pradesh
15 Loktak lake Manipur
16 Nalsarovar Bird sanctuary Gujarat
17 Nandur Madhameshwar Maharashtra
18 Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary Punjab
19 Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
20 Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
21 Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
22 Pong Dam lake Himachal Pradesh
23 Renuka lake Himachal Pradesh
24 Ropar Wetland Punjab
25 Rudrasagar Lake Tripura
26 Saman Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
27 Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
28 Sambhar lake Rajasthan
29 Sandi Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
30 Sarsai Nawar Jheel Uttar Pradesh
31 Sasthamkotta lake Kerala
32 Surinsar-Mansar lakes Jammu & Kashmir
33 Tsomoriri Ladakh
34 Upper Ganga river Uttar Pradesh
35 Vembanad Kol Wetland Kerala
36 Wular lake Jammu & Kashmir
37 Sunderban Wetland West Bengal
38 Asan Barrage (Asan Conservation Reserve) Uttarakhand
39 Kanwar Taal or Kabartaal Lake (Kabartal Wetland) Bihar, Begusarai
40 Sur Sarovar Lake Uttar Pradesh, Agra district
41 Lonar Lake Maharashtra, Buldhana district
42 Tso Kar Wetland Complex Ladakh, Leh district
43 Sultanpur National Park Gurugram, Haryana
44 Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary Jhajjar, Haryana
45 Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary Mehsana, Gujarat
46 Wadhwana Wetland Vadodara, Gujarat
47 Haiderpur Wetland Uttar Pradesh
48 Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary Gujarat
49 Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
50 Karikili Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
51 Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest Tamil Nadu
52 Pichavaram Mangrove Tamil Nadu
53 Sakhya Sagar Madhya Pradesh
54 Pala Wetland in Mizoram Mizoram
55 Koothankulam Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
56 Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu
57 Vembannur Wetland Complex Tamil Nadu
58 Vellode Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
59 Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
60 Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
61 Satkosia Gorge Odisha
62 Nanda Lake Goa
63 Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary Karnataka
64 Sirpur Wetland Madhya Pradesh
65 Tampara Lake Odisha
66 Hirakud Reservoir Odisha
67 Ansupa Lake Odisha
68 Yashwant Sagar Madhya Pradesh
69 Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
70 Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex Tamil Nadu
71 Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
72 Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
73 Thane Creek Maharashtra
74 Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve Jammu and Kashmir
75 Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve Jammu and Kashmir

Top 5 Ramsar Sites in India

S. No. Ramsar site State Designation year Area (in sq. km.)
1. Sunderbans Wetland West Bengal 2019 4230
2. Vembanad Kol Wetland Kerala 2002 1512.5
3. Chilka Lake Odisha 1981 1165
4. Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh 2002 901
5. Bhitarkanika Mangroves Odisha 2002 650

Ramsar Sites of India 2023 Names

Sunderbans Wetland

The Sundarban Wetland is a part of the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world, which is situated in the delta of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers on the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh. The Sundarbans is home to hundreds of islands as well as a confusing network of rivers, rivulets, and creeks. Over 60% of the nation’s total mangrove forest area and 90% of the Indian mangrove species are found in the Indian Sundarban, which occupies the delta’s southernmost section. The Sundarban Tiger Reserve is located inside the Site, and a portion of it has been designated as a “Tiger Conservation Landscape” of international significance and a “Critical Tiger Habitat” under national law.

The Sundarbans are the only mangrove habitat where tigers can be found in large numbers, and they have special water hunting techniques. The Site is also home to a huge variety of rare and endangered species, including the fragile fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), the highly endangered northern river terrapin (Batagur baska), and the critically endangered Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris).

Vembanad Kol Wetland

It is the largest brackish, humid, tropical wetland ecosystem on the southwest coast of India; it receives water from ten rivers, is known for its clams, and hosts the third-largest wintering waterfowl population in India. The Kol region is home to about 90 species of resident birds and 50 kinds of migratory birds. Major benefits include flood protection for three districts of Kerala’s densely populated coastal areas, groundwater recharge that helps to supply the area’s wells, and the system’s importance for local trade and transportation of people.

Chilka Lake

As a brackish lake subject to sea water exchange and separated from the Bay of Bengal by a long sandy ridge, it experiences dramatic seasonal salinity changes in different lake regions. Algae live in salty environments. For 33 species of water birds, the location is a crucial breeding, wintering, and staging habitat. 118 different species of fish, some of which are crucial for commerce, are also supported. The lake’s resources are used by a large number of people. Placed on the Montreux Record in 1993 due to issues with siltation and sedimentation that were closing the lake’s mouth; removed from the Record in 2002 as a result of restoration work for which the Chilika Development Authority was awarded the Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award in 2002.

Kolleru Lake

It is a naturally occurring eutrophic lake that serves as a flood control reservoir between the deltas of the Godavari and Krishna rivers. It is fed by two seasonal rivers, as well as a number of drains and channels. It supports local culture and capture fisheries, agriculture, and allied occupations for the people who live in the area. It also provides habitat for a variety of resident and migratory species, including dwindling populations of the fragile Grey Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis). The areas for improvement are damage and losses brought on by floods during monsoon seasons and partly drying out during summers as a result of insufficient management planning and action.

Bhitarkanika Mangroves

One of the best remaining mangrove forests along the Indian coast can be found here. The location is currently one of the most well-known animal sanctuaries as a result of 25 years of ongoing conservation efforts. Gahirmatha beach at the location is thought to be the largest known Olive Ridley sea turtle breeding beach in the world, hosting 500,000 nests each year. It also boasts the highest concentration of saltwater crocodiles in the nation, with around 700 Crocodylus porosus. It serves as a significant breeding and wintering ground for a large number of resident and migratory waterbirds and serves as the main estuarine and brackish water fish fauna nursery on the east coast. The extensive coastal woods, like many mangrove areas, offer crucial protection for millions of people from deadly cyclones and tidal surges; of India’s 58 documented species of mangroves, 55 species are present in Bhitarkanika, offering a greater variety of mangroves than the Sundarbans. Sustainable harvesting has always been the norm for food, medicines, tannins, fuel wood, and building materials, but this equilibrium may be threatened by population pressures and encroachment.

Ashtamudi Wetland

  • The Kollam district has a natural backwater there.
  • Pallichal and River Kallada drain into it.

Beas Conservation Reserve

  • The Beas River runs through it for 185 kilometers.
  • Islands, sand bars, and braided canals are scattered across the stretch.

Bhoj Wetland

  • In the city of Bhopal, there are two lakes that make up the Wetland.
  • The Lower Lake and the Bhojtal are the names of the two lakes.
  • This reservoir was constructed by humans.
  • The sarus crane, India’s largest bird, can be found here.

Chandra Taal

  • The lake is at a higher altitude. A lake called Tso Chikgma or Chandra Taal, also known as Chandra Tal or the Lake of the Moon, is located in the Lahaul area of Himachal Pradesh’s Lahul and Spiti region.
  • The Chandra Taal is close to the Chandra River’s source (a source river of the Chenab).

Deepor Beel

  • A permanent lake with freshwater in an old Brahmaputra river channel.
  • Compared to Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, which is around 35 km to the right of Guwahati, it is a few kilometers to the left of Guwahati.

East Kolkata Wetlands

  • Wetlands with a variety of uses provide for Kolkata.

Harike Wetland

  • It is a small reservoir located where the Sutlej and Beas rivers converge.
  • Over 200,000 Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans, etc.) use it as a breeding, wintering, and staging area throughout migration.

Hokera Wetland

  • Srinagar is about 10 miles away.
  • The Jhelum basin’s neighboring natural perennial wetland is situated there.

Kanjli Wetland

  • The Kanjli Wetland, a man-made wetland that encompasses the Kanjli Lake and is situated in the Punjabi district of Kapurthala.
  • The stream is regarded as the most significant in the state from a religious perspective because it is connected to Shri Guru Nanak, the founding guru of the Sikhs.

Keoladeo National Park

  • It used to be called the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
  • A collection of ten different-sized, man-made seasonal lagoons.
  • The habitat for breeding, wintering, and staging migratory birds is provided by the vegetation, which is a patchwork of scrub and open grassland.

Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve

  • The Site is an example of how a community-managed wetland may be used wisely to sustain local biodiversity while also providing food for people.
  • There are endangered spotted pond turtles and the vulnerable common pochard present.

Loktak Lake

  • In the country’s northeast, Loktak Lake is the biggest freshwater lake.
  • The only floating national park in the world, Keibul Lamjao, floats above it.

Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary

  • A naturally occurring freshwater lake, or “relict sea,” that is the Thar Desert’s largest natural wetland.
  • An endangered Indian Wild Ass satellite population depends on the wetland for survival.

Nandur Madhameshwar

  • The Nandur Madhameshwar Weir, which was built at the confluence of the Godavari and Kadwa Rivers, contributed to the development of a thriving wetland.

Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Situated in Punjab’s Shiwalik foothills.
  • It sustains a diverse range of vegetation and animals, including endangered species like the Indian pangolin and the Egyptian vulture.

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary

  • In 2015, the name was changed to Chandra Shekhar Azad Bird Sanctuary.

Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary

  • Two oxbow lakes make up the ecosystem, which is permanently fresh water.
  • The Sanctuary is a haven for some of India’s threatened vulture species, including the Indian vulture and the highly endangered white-rumped vulture.

Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary

  • One of the few surviving Dry Evergreen Forests.
  • Mangroves, wetlands, and dry evergreen forests can be found there.

Pong Dam Lake

  • It also goes by the name Maharana Pratap Sagar.
  • On the Beas River in the low Himalayan foothills on the northern fringe of the Indo-Gangetic plain, Pong Dam Lake is a water storage reservoir that was built in 1975.

Renuka Lake

  • A natural wetland with inland underground karst structures and freshwater springs.

Ropar Wetland

  • A man-made lake and river wetland created by building a barrage to divert water from the Sutlej River.

Rudrasagar Lake

  • It is a reservoir that receives water from three surviving streams that flow into the River Gomati.
  • The IUCN Red-listed Three-striped Roof Turtle finds it to be a perfect habitat.

Saman Bird Sanctuary

  • An oxbow lake in the Ganges floodplain, it is seasonal.

Samaspur Bird Sanctuary

  • It is an Indo-Gangetic Plains-typical perennial lowland marsh.
  • The Sanctuary is home to endangered animals like the Egyptian vulture.

Sambhar Lake

  • The Sambhar Salt Lake is the biggest inland saltwater lake in India.
  • Tens of thousands of flamingos use it as a major wintering location.

Sandi Bird Sanctuary

  • The wetland is a representative example of the Indo-Gangetic lowlands.

Sarsai Nawar Jheel

  • The swamp is permanent.
  • It serves as an illustration of how people and wildlife can coexist.
  • The name of the location was inspired by the sizable non-migratory sarus crane.

Sasthamkotta Lake

  • Located in Kerala’s Kollam district, it is the biggest freshwater lake.
  • A bar of paddy field served as the River Kallada’s special replenishment mechanism.
  • The breakdown of the refilling mechanism has caused the lake’s current depletion.

Surinsar-Mansar Lakes

  • A freshwater composite lake in the Jhelum Basin and the semi-arid Punjab Plains.

Tsomoriri (Tso Moriri)

  • Tso Moriri, also known as Lake Moriri or “Mountain Lake,” is a lake in Ladakh’s Changthang Plateau (also known as the northern plains).
  • A lake that is 4,595 meters above sea level and is brackish to freshwater.

Wular Lake

  • It is India’s largest freshwater lake.
  • The Jhelum River feeds the lake, which was created as a result of tectonic activity.
  • At the mouth of Wular Lake, there is a “navigation lock-cum-control structure” called The Tulbul Project.

Asan Conservation Reserve (ACR)

  • ACR is a 444-hectare section of the Asan River that runs from its source in the Dehradun area of Uttarakhand to where it meets the Yamuna River. It is the first Ramsar Site in Uttarakhand.

Kabartal Wetland

  • The Indo-Gangetic plains in the Begusarai district of Bihar are 2,620 hectares in size and are also known as Kanwar Jheel.
  • Along with giving local populations chances for a living, it serves as an essential flood buffer for the area.

Soor Sarovar Lake

  • The Soor Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, which was established as a bird sanctuary in 1991, contains Keetham Lake.
  • This lake may be found near Agra, Uttar Pradesh, next to the Yamuna River.

Lonar Lake

  • A meteor strike between 35,000 and 50,000 years ago formed the Lonar Lake, which is located in the volcanic basalt rock of the Deccan Plateau.
  • The lake is a part of the Lonar Wildlife Sanctuary, which is governed by the Melghat Tiger Reserve as a whole (MTR).

Tso Kar Wetland Complex (Tso Kar Lake)

  • The Tso Kar Wetland Complex in Ladakh has been designated as a wetland of global significance and is now India’s 42nd Ramsar site. The Ladakh Union Territory is home to two Ramsar sites.
  • Located in the Changthang district of Ladakh at a height of more than 4,500 meters above sea level, it is a complex of high-altitude wetlands.

Sultanpur National Park, Haryana

  • The Sultanpur National Park, formerly known as the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, may be found near Sultanpur Village, off the Gurugram-Jhajjar Highway, 15 kilometers from Gurugram, Haryana, and 50 kilometers from Delhi.
  • More than ten species of birds that are internationally endangered can be found here, including the severely endangered sociable lapwing, the endangered Egyptian vulture, Saker Falcon, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and the Black-bellied Tern.
  • It is essentially a bird watcher’s paradise.

Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is a man-made freshwater wetland that is situated in Haryana’s Jhajjar district.
  • It plays a significant role in the natural corridor that the Sahibi River travels through as it makes its way from Rajasthan’s Aravalli Hills to the Yamuna.
  • The Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary is on its boundary (Haryana).

Thol Lake

  • It is situated in Gujarat’s Mehsana district. It is a shallow freshwater reservoir that is mostly made up of open water. It is an artificial wetland.
  • It is located on the Central Asian Flyway and is home to more than 320 different kinds of birds.

Wadhvana Wetland

  • It is situated in Gujarat’s Vadodara district’s Dabhoi Tehsil (Taluka).
  • Water from the River Orsang pours into the lake and meets the Narmada River at Chandod.
  • During the winter, this location frequently records the red-crested pochard (Netta rufina), a duck that is otherwise uncommon in Western India.

Haiderpur Wetland

  • The 6908-hectare Haiderpur Wetland is situated between the Ganges and the Solani River on the Muzaffarnagar-Bijnor boundary.
  • The Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary includes it.
  • The man-made lake known as Haiderpur Wetland was created in that year. Birds flock here because of the biodiversity. Exotic birds travel over Mongolia’s hills to get here..

Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary

  • On Gujarat state’s southern Gulf of Kutch coast, in the Jamnagar district, is the Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary (KBS), a rare wetland ecosystem.
  • It belongs to Gujarat state’s Important Bird Areas (IBA).
  • On one side, the Khijadiya Wildlife Sanctuary connects to the Marine National Park, and on the other, the Dhunvav River discharges fresh water into it..

Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary

  • The Bakhira Bird Sanctuary is located in the Sant Kabir Nagar area of Eastern Uttar Pradesh and is the largest natural flood plain wetland in India.
  • The sanctuary opened its doors in 1980. It is located 44 kilometers to the west of Gorakhpur.
  • The Bakhira Tal, also known as the Bakhira Bird Sanctuary, is a wetland that connects two rivers and is situated to the west of the Rapti riverbed.

Karikili Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu)

  • Cormorants, egrets, grey herons, open-billed storks, darters, spoonbills, white ibis, night herons, grebes, and grey pelicans are among the many species that call the sanctuary, which spans a five-kilometer-wide belt, home.

Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest (Tamil Nadu)

  • The marsh drains a 250 square kilometer area that includes 65 wetlands, making it one of the last remaining natural wetlands.
  • One of the few natural coastal aquatic ecosystems in India that is classified as a wetland is the Pallikaranai Marsh.

Pichavaram Mangrove (Tamil Nadu)

  • One of the nations’s last remaining mangrove forests.
  • It has an island in a wide body of water that is covered with mangrove swamps..

Sakhya Sagar (Madhya Pradesh)

  • Sakhya Sagar, which was formed in 1918 from the Manier River, is close to Madhav National Park.

Pala Wetland in Mizoram (Mizoram)

  • A variety of animals, birds, and reptiles call it home.
  • Because of its location, which is part of the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot, it is abundant in plant and animal species.

Koothankulam Bird Sanctuary

  • It borders the little village of Koonthankulam in the Tamil Nadu district of Tirunelveli’s Nanguneri Taluk.
  • On the Central Asian Flyway, it is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA). The largest breeding water bird reserve in South India is located here.

Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve

  • The Gulf of Mannar, with an average depth of 5.8 metres, is a sizable shallow harbour that is a part of the Laccadive Sea in the Indian Ocean. It is located in the Coromandel Coast region, halfway between Sri Lanka’s west coast and India’s southeast tip.
  • The Gulf of Mannar is one of India’s mainland’s biologically richest coastline areas. It is South and Southeast Asia’s first Marine Biosphere Reserve..

Vembannur Wetland Complex

  • The Vembannur Wetland Complex is a man-made inland tank that serves as peninsular India’s southernmost point.
  • This wetland is a component of the BirdLife International Data Zone since it is a part of the Important Bird and Biodiversity Area.

Vellode Bird Sanctuary

  • The 80 hectare Vellode Birds Sanctuary is a bird sanctuary that can be found in Tamil Nadu’s Erode District.
  • Due to the plentiful food sources from nearby agricultural fields and other aquatic species, this man-made tank is an excellent habitat for birds.

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

  • The 30-hectare Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is a protected area in the Tamil Nadu state of India. It is situated in the Madurantakam Taluk of the Chengalpattu District.
  • On National Highway 45, the sanctuary is around 75 kilometres from Chennai.

Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

  • In the Tamil Nadu district of Tiruvarur, there is a protected area called Udayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary.
  • Purple moorhens and openbill storks can be seen in considerable numbers in the sanctuary during the months of February and March.
  • The sanctuary is made up of man-built irrigation tanks that are connected by an old network of canals and fed by the Mettur dam through the Koraiyar canal.

Satkosia Gorge (Odisha)

  • The Mahanadi River formed the Satkosia Gorge in eastern Odisha.
  • The Satkosia Tiger Reserve, a United Nations-protected territory, contains the gorge.

Nanda Lake (Goa)

  • The Nanda Lake is made up of sporadic freshwater marshes that are connected to the Zuari River’s primary tributary by a sluice gate that, when closed, causes the marshes to flood.
  • Several different species of migratory waterbirds live in this marsh, along with numerous other significant flora and animals.

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary (Karnataka)

  • The Southern Deccan Plateau is made up of gently rolling plains that are traversed by a number of the major rivers that originate in the Western Ghats mountain range and flow eastward to the Bay of Bengal.
  • The Site is a riverine wetland that is ecologically significant and rich in plant and animal species.

Sirpur Wetland (Madhya Pradesh)

  • Sirpur Wetland is a man-made wetland that has stabilised and developed characteristics that are nearly natural during the past 200 years.
  • On the Indore-Dhar Road in Indore is Sirpur Lake.
  • Why the Site is a shallow, alkaline, nutrient-rich lake that overflows to a maximum depth of two metres during the monsoon season..

Tampara Lake

  • Located in the Ganjam district, Tampara Lake is one of the most well-known freshwater lakes in the State of Odisha.
  • The British called the depression on the earth “Tamp,” and the locals later called it “Tampra” as rainfall from the catchment flow gradually filled it.

Hirakud Reservoir

  • Hirakud Reservoir, the biggest earthen dam in Odisha, began operating in 1957.
  • It provides water for generating about 300 MW of electricity and irrigating 436,000 acres of a cultural command area..

Ansupa Lake 

  • The largest freshwater lake in Odisha, Ansupa Lake is located in the Cuttack district’s Banki subdistrict and has long been renowned for its scenic beauty, biodiversity, and natural riches.
  • River Mahanadi created an oxbow lake in the marsh.

Yashwant Sagar

  • Yashwant Sagar is one of Madhya Pradesh’s most significant birding locations as well as one of the Important Bird Areas (IBA) in the Indore region.
  • Currently, it is mostly used to deliver water to the city of Indore and is also employed commercially for fish farming.

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

  • The Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu is home to the Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary, sometimes referred to as “Chitrangudi Kanmoli” locally.
  • The wetland has been declared a protected area since 1989 and is governed by the Ramanathapuram division of the Tamil Nadu Forest Department..

Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex

  •  Suchindrum a part of the Suchindrum-Theroor Manakudi Conservation Reserve is the Theroor Wetland Complex.
  • It is situated at the southernmost point of the migratory bird flyway in Central Asia and has been designated an Important Bird Area.
  • It was built so that birds may build nests there, and thousands of birds visit it every year.

Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary

  • The 112.638-hectare Vaduvur bird sanctuary serves as a big artificial irrigation tank as well as a haven for migrating birds since it offers a conducive environment for food, refuge, and nesting grounds.

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

  • Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary was established in 1989 and is a protected area close to the Mudukulathur Ramanathapuram District in Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Between October and February, migrating waterbirds such as painted storks, white ibis, black ibis, tiny egrets, and great egrets arrive to breed at this location, making it noteworthy as a nesting place for various migratory heron species that roost there.

Thane Creek

  • The Indian state of Maharashtra is home to Thane Creek.
  • The Ulhas River is the greatest of the creek’s several fresh water sources, which also include other drainage channels from various suburban neighbourhoods of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, and Thane.

Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve

  • Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve This wetland, which is in the Baramulla district, is an important flood absorption basin, biodiversity conservation site, ecotourism destination, and source of livelihood security for the surrounding community.

Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve

  • The Shallabug Wetland Conservation Reserve is situated in J’&K’s UT of Srinagar.
  • The wetland features enormous reedbeds of Phragmites communis and Typha angustata, and rich growth of Nymphaea candida and N. stellata on open water. Between September and March, large portions of the wetland dry up.

Ramsar Sites in India FAQs

Q Which is the 49 Ramsar Sites in India?

Ans. Name of 49 Ramsar site is Rudrasagar Lake located in Tripura.

Q Which state has highest Ramsar Sites?

Ans. Uttar Pradesh has the most number of Ramsar Sites in India. It has 10 Indian Wetlands alone.

Q Which is first Ramsar in India?

Ans. Chilika Lake in Orissa and Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan were recognised as the first Ramsar sites in India.

Q What are the 4 new Ramsar Sites in India?

Ans. 4 new Ramsar Sites in India are: 

  1. Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary
  2. Satkosia Gorge
  3. Nanda Lake
  4. Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve

Q How many Ramsar sites added in 2022?

Ans. During this year itself (2022) a total of 28 sites have been declared as Ramsar sites. Based on the date of designation mentioned on Ramsar Certificate, the number is 19 for this year (2022) and 14 for previous year (2021).

Q Which is the largest Ramsar Site in India 2021?

Ans. Sundarban Wetland is located within the largest mangrove forest in the world. It is the largest Ramsar Site in India. The Indian Sundarban, covering the south-westernmost part of the delta, constitutes over 60% of the country’s total mangrove forest area and includes 90% of Indian mangrove species.

Q What is the last Ramsar Site in India?

Ans. In 2022, Twenty Six new sites were added that includes Karikili Bird Sanctuary, Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest & Pichavaram Mangrove from Tamil Nadu, Pala wetland from Mizoram, Sakhya Sagar from Madhya Pradesh. The surface-area covered by Ramsar Sites are around 1,083,322 hectares.

Q Which is the 47th Ramsar Site?

Ans. Haiderpur wetland is a part of the Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary. It is one of the largest man-made wetlands that formed in 1984. This wetland has a core area of 1200 acres and stretches across 3000 acres. Haiderpur wetland in Uttar Pradesh has been recognised as the 47th Ramsar site in India.

Q Who declared Ramsar sites?

Ans. The Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Bhupender Yadav announced adding 11 new Ramsar Sites to make it a total of 75 Ramsar Sites in India.

Other Indian Geography Topics

Seasons of India Mountains of India
Mangrove Forests in India Important Mountain Passes in India
Monsoon in India
Indus River System
Climate of India
Rivers of India
Tributaries of Ganga
National Parks in India
Important Dams in India
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Tiger Reserves in India
Northern Plains of India
Physiography of India
Important Lakes of India
Wetlands in India
Biodiversity in India
Natural Vegetation in India Earthquakes in India
Types of Soil in India
Ramsar Sites in India
Brahmaputra River System
Hydropower Plants in India
Nuclear Power Plants in India
Major Ports in India
Biosphere Reserves in India
Waterfalls in India

Other Fundamental Geography Topics

Solar System Types of Clouds
Structure of the Atmosphere Himalayan Ranges
Component of Environment
El Nino and La Nina
Coral Reef
Continental Drift Theory
Endogenic and Exogenic Forces
Indian Ocean Region
Pacific Ocean
Indian Ocean Dipole
Air Pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment
Tropical Cyclone
Western Disturbances
Types of Rocks


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Which is the 49 Ramsar Sites in India?

Name of 49 Ramsar site is Rudrasagar Lake located in Tripura


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