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Pacific Ocean Location, Map, Deepest Point Mariana Trench, Ring of Fire

Pacific Ocean

The western and southern hemispheres both contain oceans, one of which is the Pacific Ocean. It is the largest ocean in the world, covering an area of nearly 329 million square kilometres. Asia and the Americas both border it on the east and north sides. More than half of the water on Earth’s surface is in the Pacific Ocean.

Currents that are both warm and cold flow across the ocean’s waters. Two sizable tectonic plates—the Pacific Plate, which is moving northwest toward South America and the North American Plate, which is moving southwest towards Asia—are responsible for the currents. The ocean’s currents cause some areas to have high temperatures and others to have lower temperatures.

The East China Sea, the South China Sea, and the Indian Ocean are the three main sections of the ocean. A confined strait known as “the Bering Strait” separates these regions.

Pacific Ocean Feature

The Mariana Trench is the deepest place on Earth and is situated close to the Mariana Islands. At 36,201 feet, it is much deeper than Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth. Much of the Pacific Ocean lies beneath the enormous Pacific Plate. A plate is a rigid area of the Earth’s crust that moves slowly in relation to neighbouring plates.

There are many of these additional plates surrounding the Pacific Plate. When these plates contact, numerous earthquakes and volcanoes take place. The chain of volcanoes that circles the Pacific Ocean is referred to as the “ring of fire.”

North Pacific Ocean

The region of the Pacific Ocean basin north of the equator known as the North Pacific. It extends northward to the Arctic area, from the Eastern coastlines of Asia to the Western coasts of North and South America (until the Equator).

South Pacific Ocean

The South Pacific, the largest marine division on Earth and home to numerous islands and archipelagos, is located in the Southern Hemisphere. It encompasses a sizable chunk of Maritime Southeast Asia and Oceania, which includes Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

Pacific Ocean Depth

The Pacific Ocean has a mean depth of 14,040 feet (4,280 metres) and a maximum known depth of 36,201 feet (11,034 metres) in the Mariana Trench, which is also the deepest ocean in the world.

Pacific Ocean Ring of Fire

The Pacific, Juan de Fuca, Cocos, Indian-Australian, Nazca, North American, and Philippine Plates are among the tectonic plates that the Ring of Fire spans over a distance of about 40,000 kilometres (24,900 miles).

The chain extends across the western coasts of South and North America, crosses the Aleutian Islands in Alaska, descends the eastern coast of Asia into New Zealand, and then extends into the northern coast of Antarctica. Some significant locations in the ring of fire include Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, the United States, Canada, Russia, Japan, the Philippines, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, New Zealand, and Antarctica.

Islands in Pacific Ocean

About 25,000 islands can be found in the Pacific Ocean. Three major groups of islands located entirely in the Pacific Ocean can be distinguished: Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia.

Name Region Sub-region
New Guinea Oceania Melanesia
Honshu Asia East Asia
Sulawesi Asia Southeast Asia
South Island Oceania Australasia / Polynesia
North Island Oceania Australasia / Polynesia
Luzon Asia Southeast Asia
Mindanao Asia Southeast Asia
Tasmania Oceania Australasia
Hokkaido Asia East Asia
Sakhalin Asia North Asia
Taiwan Island (Formosa) Asia East Asia
Kyushu Asia East Asia
New Britain Oceania Melanesia
Vancouver Island North America Northern America
Shikoku Asia East Asia
Grande Terre Oceania Melanesia
Palawan Asia Southeast Asia
Hawaii Oceania Polynesia
Viti Levu Oceania Melanesia

Pacific Ocean Map

For a better understanding of the Pacific Ocean Region, refer to the following Pacific Ocean Map given below:

Pacific Ocean Map
Pacific Ocean Map

Countries in Pacific Ocean

Australia, Fiji, Japan, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Republic of China (Taiwan), Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu are among the seventeen independent states that make up the Pacific region.

Pacific Ocean Deepest Point

The southern end of the Mariana Trench, which extends several hundred kilometres southwest of the U.S.-owned island of Guam, contains the deepest portion of the ocean, known as the Challenger Deep, which lies beneath the western Pacific Ocean. The approximate depth of Challenger Deep is 10,935 meters (35,876 ft).

Mariana Trench in Pacific Ocean

The Mariana Trench, also known as the Marianas Trench, is the deepest oceanic trench on Earth and is situated in the western Pacific Ocean about 200 kilometres east of the Mariana Islands. It has a crescent form and a length and width of roughly 2,550 km and 69 km, respectively.

Pacific Ocean FAQs

Q) Where the Pacific Ocean is located?

Ans. The Pacific Ocean is a body of salt water that straddles the continents of Asia, Australia, North America, and South America. It stretches from the Antarctic region in the south to the Arctic region in the north.

Q) What are 3 facts about the Pacific ocean?

Ans. It exceeds the combined size of all the Earth’s continents. The Pacific Ocean contains the deepest place on Earth. The Mariana Trench is its name. The Great Barrier Reef, the largest living structure in the world, and numerous fascinating creatures can be found in the Pacific Ocean.

Q) Who owns the Pacific ocean?

Ans. The world’s five oceans are technically one single ocean that covers 71 per cent of the planet. This makes it difficult to divide, and so ultimately, you own the oceans. You and the rest of the 6.6 billion people swarming over Earth’s face right now

Q) Which is the warmest ocean?

Ans. The hottest ocean area is in the Persian Gulf, where water temperatures at the surface exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. Another hot area exists in the Red Sea, where a temperature of 132.8 degrees Fahrenheit has been recorded at a depth of about 6,500 feet.

Q) What is the largest ocean in the world?

Ans. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of the world’s ocean basins. Covering approximately 63 million square miles and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, the Pacific is by far the largest of the world’s ocean basins. All of the world’s continents could fit into the Pacific basin.

Other Indian Geography Topics

Seasons of India Mountains of India
Mangrove Forests in India Important Mountain Passes in India
Monsoon in India
Indus River System
Climate of India
Rivers of India
Tributaries of Ganga
National Parks in India
Important Dams in India
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Tiger Reserves in India
Northern Plains of India
Physiography of India
Important Lakes of India
Wetlands in India
Biodiversity in India
Natural Vegetation in India Earthquakes in India
Types of Soil in India
Ramsar Sites in India
Brahmaputra River System
Hydropower Plants in India
Nuclear Power Plants in India
Major Ports in India
Biosphere Reserves in India
Waterfalls in India

Other Fundamental Geography Topics

Solar System Types of Clouds
Structure of the Atmosphere Himalayan Ranges
Component of Environment
El Nino and La Nina
Coral Reef
Continental Drift Theory
Endogenic and Exogenic Forces
Indian Ocean Region
Pacific Ocean
Indian Ocean Dipole
Air Pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment
Tropical Cyclone
Western Disturbances
Types of Rocks

 

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FAQs

Where the Pacific ocean is located?

The Pacific Ocean is a body of salt water that straddles the continents of Asia, Australia, North America, and South America. It stretches from the Antarctic region in the south to the Arctic region in the north.

What are 3 facts about the Pacific ocean?

It exceeds the combined size of all the Earth's continents. The Pacific Ocean contains the deepest place on Earth. The Mariana Trench is its name. The Great Barrier Reef, the largest living structure in the world, and numerous fascinating creatures can be found in the Pacific Ocean.

Who owns the Pacific ocean?

The world's five oceans are technically one single ocean that covers 71 percent of the planet. This makes it difficult to divide, and so ultimately, you own the oceans. You and the rest of the 6.6 billion people swarming over Earth's face right now

Which is the warmest ocean?

The hottest ocean area is in the Persian Gulf, where water temperatures at the surface exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. Another hot area exists in the Red Sea, where a temperature of 132.8 degrees Fahrenheit has been recorded at a depth of about 6,500 feet.

What is the largest ocean in the world?

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of the world ocean basins. Covering approximately 63 million square miles and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, the Pacific is by far the largest of the world's ocean basins. All of the world's continents could fit into the Pacific basin.

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