The western and southern hemispheres both contain oceans, one of which is the Pacific Ocean. It is the largest ocean in the world, covering an area of nearly 329 million square kilometres. Asia and the Americas both border it on the east and north sides. More than half of the water on Earth’s surface is in the Pacific Ocean.
Currents that are both warm and cold flow across the ocean’s waters. Two sizable tectonic plates—the Pacific Plate, which is moving northwest toward South America and the North American Plate, which is moving southwest towards Asia—are responsible for the currents. The ocean’s currents cause some areas to have high temperatures and others to have lower temperatures.
The East China Sea, the South China Sea, and the Indian Ocean are the three main sections of the ocean. A confined strait known as “the Bering Strait” separates these regions.
Pacific Ocean Feature
The Mariana Trench is the deepest place on Earth and is situated close to the Mariana Islands. At 36,201 feet, it is much deeper than Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth. Much of the Pacific Ocean lies beneath the enormous Pacific Plate. A plate is a rigid area of the Earth’s crust that moves slowly in relation to neighbouring plates.
There are many of these additional plates surrounding the Pacific Plate. When these plates contact, numerous earthquakes and volcanoes take place. The chain of volcanoes that circles the Pacific Ocean is referred to as the “ring of fire.”
North Pacific Ocean
The region of the Pacific Ocean basin north of the equator known as the North Pacific. It extends northward to the Arctic area, from the Eastern coastlines of Asia to the Western coasts of North and South America (until the Equator).
South Pacific Ocean
The South Pacific, the largest marine division on Earth and home to numerous islands and archipelagos, is located in the Southern Hemisphere. It encompasses a sizable chunk of Maritime Southeast Asia and Oceania, which includes Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
Pacific Ocean Depth
The Pacific Ocean has a mean depth of 14,040 feet (4,280 metres) and a maximum known depth of 36,201 feet (11,034 metres) in the Mariana Trench, which is also the deepest ocean in the world.
Pacific Ocean Ring of Fire
The Pacific, Juan de Fuca, Cocos, Indian-Australian, Nazca, North American, and Philippine Plates are among the tectonic plates that the Ring of Fire spans over a distance of about 40,000 kilometres (24,900 miles).
The chain extends across the western coasts of South and North America, crosses the Aleutian Islands in Alaska, descends the eastern coast of Asia into New Zealand, and then extends into the northern coast of Antarctica. Some significant locations in the ring of fire include Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, the United States, Canada, Russia, Japan, the Philippines, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, New Zealand, and Antarctica.
Islands in Pacific Ocean
About 25,000 islands can be found in the Pacific Ocean. Three major groups of islands located entirely in the Pacific Ocean can be distinguished: Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia.
|South Island||Oceania||Australasia / Polynesia|
|North Island||Oceania||Australasia / Polynesia|
|Taiwan Island (Formosa)||Asia||East Asia|
|Vancouver Island||North America||Northern America|
Pacific Ocean Map
For a better understanding of the Pacific Ocean Region, refer to the following Pacific Ocean Map given below:
Countries in Pacific Ocean
Australia, Fiji, Japan, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Republic of China (Taiwan), Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu are among the seventeen independent states that make up the Pacific region.
Pacific Ocean Deepest Point
The southern end of the Mariana Trench, which extends several hundred kilometres southwest of the U.S.-owned island of Guam, contains the deepest portion of the ocean, known as the Challenger Deep, which lies beneath the western Pacific Ocean. The approximate depth of Challenger Deep is 10,935 meters (35,876 ft).
Mariana Trench in Pacific Ocean
The Mariana Trench, also known as the Marianas Trench, is the deepest oceanic trench on Earth and is situated in the western Pacific Ocean about 200 kilometres east of the Mariana Islands. It has a crescent form and a length and width of roughly 2,550 km and 69 km, respectively.
Pacific Ocean FAQs
Q) Where the Pacific Ocean is located?
Ans. The Pacific Ocean is a body of salt water that straddles the continents of Asia, Australia, North America, and South America. It stretches from the Antarctic region in the south to the Arctic region in the north.
Q) What are 3 facts about the Pacific ocean?
Ans. It exceeds the combined size of all the Earth’s continents. The Pacific Ocean contains the deepest place on Earth. The Mariana Trench is its name. The Great Barrier Reef, the largest living structure in the world, and numerous fascinating creatures can be found in the Pacific Ocean.
Q) Who owns the Pacific ocean?
Ans. The world’s five oceans are technically one single ocean that covers 71 per cent of the planet. This makes it difficult to divide, and so ultimately, you own the oceans. You and the rest of the 6.6 billion people swarming over Earth’s face right now
Q) Which is the warmest ocean?
Ans. The hottest ocean area is in the Persian Gulf, where water temperatures at the surface exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. Another hot area exists in the Red Sea, where a temperature of 132.8 degrees Fahrenheit has been recorded at a depth of about 6,500 feet.
Q) What is the largest ocean in the world?
Ans. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of the world’s ocean basins. Covering approximately 63 million square miles and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, the Pacific is by far the largest of the world’s ocean basins. All of the world’s continents could fit into the Pacific basin.
Other Indian Geography Topics
Other Fundamental Geography Topics