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Wildlife Sanctuaries of India List, Map, Importance

Wildlife Sanctuaries of India

Wildlife Sanctuaries of India 2022: A place where animal habitats and their surroundings are shielded from any kind of interference is known as a wildlife sanctuary. Animal trapping, killing, and poaching are outright forbidden in some areas. They want to provide the animals a comfortable life. Beautiful animal sanctuaries can be found in India, where there are also high, stunning mountains, big rivers, and deep woods. Here, only a few from India are mentioned.

Wildlife Sanctuaries of India are classified as IUCN Category IV protected areas. The Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 allowed the State government to declare specific regions as wildlife sanctuaries if they were deemed to be of sufficient ecological, geomorphologic, and natural value. 564 wildlife sanctuaries had been established in the nation as of December 2021, making up 3.73% of its total land area. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary, in the state of Tamil Nadu, is the oldest bird sanctuary. It was founded in 1796.

 

National Parks in India

List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Here is the updated List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India 2022:

S. No. State/UT Total number of Wildlife Sanctuaries
1 Andhra Pradesh 13
2 Arunachal Pradesh 11
3 Assam 18
4 Bihar 12
5 Chhattisgarh 11
6 Goa 6
7 Gujarat 23
8 Haryana 8
9 Himachal Pradesh 28
10 Jammu &Kashmir 15
11 Jharkhand 11
12 Karnataka 30
13 Kerala 17
14 Madhya Pradesh 25
15 Maharashtra 42
16 Manipur 2
17 Meghalaya 4
18 Mizoram 8
19 Nagaland 3
20 Odisha 19
21 Punjab 13
22 Rajasthan 25
23 Sikkim 7
24 Tamil Nadu 29
25 Tripura 4
26 Uttar Pradesh 25
27 Uttarakhand 7
28 West Bengal 15
29 Telangana 9
30 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 96
31 Chandigarh 2
32 Dadar & Nagar Haweli 1
33 Lakshadweep 1
34 Daman & Diu 1
35 Delhi 1
36 Pondicherry 1

Wildlife Sanctuaries of India Significance

The wildlife sanctuaries are built to conserve the endangered animals. Since it can be challenging to always relocate animals from their native habitats, it is advantageous to safeguard them there. In wildlife reserves, endangered animals are subject to rigorous monitoring. A small number of individuals can be preserved for breeding in the conservation areas to ensure their survival if they reproduce and increase in number while they are protected.

In order to understand more about the animals that live there, biologists are allowed to conduct activities and research in wildlife sanctuaries. A few sanctuaries take in injured and abandoned animals, heal them, and then release them back into the wild. Animal refuges safeguard threatened animals and shield them from predators and people.

Tiger Reserves in India

State wise List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

S No.

States

Wildlife Sanctuaries

1. Assam Nambor WLS
Dihing Patkai WLS
East Karbi Anglong WLS
Chakrashila WLS
Amchang WLS
2. Bihar Kaimur WLS
Gautam Budha WLS
Pant (Rajgir) WLS
Valmiki WLS
3. Chhatisgarh Bhairamgarh WLS
Badalkhol WLS
Bhoramdev WLS
Udanti Wild Buffalo WLS
4. Goa Bondla WLS
Madei WLS
5. Gujarat Kutch Desert WLS
Porbandar Lake WLS
Jambugodha WLS
Wild Ass WLS
Ratanmahal WLS
Thol Lake WLS
Sasan Gir Sanctuary
Mitiyala WLS
6. Haryana Bhindawas WLS
N Khaparwas WLS
Kalesar WLS
7. Himachal Pradesh Bandli WLS
Daranghati WLS
Dhauladhar WLS
Talra WLS
Pong Dam Lake WLS
Nargu WLS
9. Jharkhand Lawalong WLS
Parasnath WLS
Palkot WLS
10. Karnataka Someshwara WLS
Bhadra WLS
Bhimgad WLS
Brahmagiri WLS
Cauvery WLS
Pushpagiri WLS
Sharavathi Valley WLS
11. Kerala Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
Aralam WLS
Chimmony WLS
Idukki WLS
Malabar WLS
12. Madhya Pradesh Bori WLS
Gandhi Sagar WLS
Ken Gharial WLS
National Chambal WLS
Orcha WLS
13. Maharashtra Koyana WLS
Painganga WLS
Bhimashankar WLS
Tungareshwar WLS
Great Indian Bustard WLS
14. Manipur Yangoupokpi-Lokchao WLS
15. Meghalaya
16. Mizoram Dampa WLS (TR)
Ngengpui WLS
Baghmara Pitcher Plant WLS
17. Nagaland Fakim WLS
Rangapahar WLS
18. Odisha Baisipalli WLS
Chilika (Nalaban) WLS
Hadgarh WLS
Satkosia Gorge WLS
19. Punjab Abohar WLS
Harike Lake WLS
Jhajjar Bacholi WLS
20. Rajasthan Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary
Jawahar Sagar WLS
Mount Abu WLS
Ramsagar WLS
Shergarh WLS
21. Sikkim Fambong Lho WLS
Kitam WLS (Bird)
Maenam WLS
22. Tamil Nadu Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) WLS
Karaivetti WLS
Pulicat Lake WLS
Vedanthangal WLS
Kalakad WLS
23. Tripura Gumti WLS
Rowa WLS
Trishna WLS
24. Uttarakhand Askot Musk Deer WLS
Binsar WLS
Govind Pashu Vihar WLS
Kedarnath WLS
Sonanadi WLS
25. Uttar Pradesh Hastinapur WLS
Ranipur WLS
Sohagibarwa WLS
Sur Sarovar WLS
Chandraprabha WLS
National Chambal WLS
26. West Bengal Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary
Chintamani Kar Bird Sanctuary
Haliday Island WLS
Ballavpur WLS
Lothian Island WLS
Mahananda WLS

National Symbols of India

List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India: UTs

Here’s complete list of Wildlife Sanctuaries in Union Territories of India 2022:

S No.

UTs

Wildlife Sancuary

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands Bamboo Island WLS
Barren Island WLS
Chanel Island WLS
Peacock Island WLS
Turtle Islands WLS
2. Jammu & Kashmir Gulmarg WLS
Limber WLS
Nandini WLS
3. Lakshadweep Pitti WLS (Bird)
4. Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli WLS
Fudam WLS

List of President of India

Wildlife Sanctuaries of India FAQs

Q. How many wildlife sanctuary are there in India?

Ans. There are 565 existing wildlife sanctuaries in India covering an area of 122560.85 km2, which is 3.73% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, May. 2022). Another 218 sanctuaries are proposed in the Protected Area Network Report covering an area of 16,829 km.

Q. Which is the 1st wildlife sanctuary in India?

Ans. The first sanctuary or national park established in India is Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary which is many in one -a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India.

Q. Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary of India?

Ans. The Ranthambore National Park, located in the state of Rajasthan, is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India. It serves as a national reserve for the tigers

Q. Which is the famous wildlife sanctuary in India?

Ans. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary having been proposed as a world heritage site by UNESCO, this is one of the most famous wildlife sanctuaries in India where wildlife enthusiasts can enjoy the rich flora and fauna all around and some o the world’s tallest and oldest oak trees

Q. Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India 2022?

Ans. Rann of Kutch, also known as the Indian Wild Ass sanctuary is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India.

Q. Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary in the world?

Ans. Extending across nearly half of all of Greenland, Northeast Greenland National Park is the largest of its kind in the world. Established in 1974, Greenland’s only national park is said to be 77 times larger than Yellowstone National Park and protects 375,000 square miles of a designated international biosphere reserve.

Major Incidents in Indian History

  1. Quit India Movement
  2. Chauri Chaura Incident
  3. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  4. Green Revolution in India
  5. Non-Cooperation Movement

Famous Personalities Biography

Mangal Pandey
Maharana Pratap
Rabindranath Tagore
Bhagat Singh
Jyotiba Phule
Satyendra Nath Bose
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Subhash Chandra Bose

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