Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India 2022: A place where animal habitats and their surroundings are shielded from any kind of interference is known as a wildlife sanctuary. Animal trapping, killing, and poaching are outright forbidden in some areas. They want to provide the animals a comfortable life. Beautiful animal sanctuaries can be found in India, where there are also high, stunning mountains, big rivers, and deep woods. Here, only a few from India are mentioned.
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India are classified as IUCN Category IV protected areas. The Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 allowed the State government to declare specific regions as wildlife sanctuaries if they were deemed to be of sufficient ecological, geomorphologic, and natural value. 564 wildlife sanctuaries had been established in the nation as of December 2021, making up 3.73% of its total land area. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary, in the state of Tamil Nadu, is the oldest bird sanctuary. It was founded in 1796.
List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
Here is the updated List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India 2022:
|S. No.||State/UT||Total number of Wildlife Sanctuaries|
|30||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||96|
|32||Dadar & Nagar Haweli||1|
|34||Daman & Diu||1|
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India Significance
The wildlife sanctuaries are built to conserve the endangered animals. Since it can be challenging to always relocate animals from their native habitats, it is advantageous to safeguard them there. In wildlife reserves, endangered animals are subject to rigorous monitoring. A small number of individuals can be preserved for breeding in the conservation areas to ensure their survival if they reproduce and increase in number while they are protected.
In order to understand more about the animals that live there, biologists are allowed to conduct activities and research in wildlife sanctuaries. A few sanctuaries take in injured and abandoned animals, heal them, and then release them back into the wild. Animal refuges safeguard threatened animals and shield them from predators and people.
State wise List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
|Dihing Patkai WLS|
|East Karbi Anglong WLS|
|Gautam Budha WLS|
|Pant (Rajgir) WLS|
|Udanti Wild Buffalo WLS|
|5.||Gujarat||Kutch Desert WLS|
|Porbandar Lake WLS|
|Wild Ass WLS|
|Thol Lake WLS|
|Sasan Gir Sanctuary|
|N Khaparwas WLS|
|7.||Himachal Pradesh||Bandli WLS|
|Pong Dam Lake WLS|
|Sharavathi Valley WLS|
|11.||Kerala||Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary|
|12.||Madhya Pradesh||Bori WLS|
|Gandhi Sagar WLS|
|Ken Gharial WLS|
|National Chambal WLS|
|Great Indian Bustard WLS|
|16.||Mizoram||Dampa WLS (TR)|
|Baghmara Pitcher Plant WLS|
|Chilika (Nalaban) WLS|
|Satkosia Gorge WLS|
|Harike Lake WLS|
|Jhajjar Bacholi WLS|
|20.||Rajasthan||Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary|
|Jawahar Sagar WLS|
|Mount Abu WLS|
|21.||Sikkim||Fambong Lho WLS|
|Kitam WLS (Bird)|
|22.||Tamil Nadu||Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) WLS|
|Pulicat Lake WLS|
|24.||Uttarakhand||Askot Musk Deer WLS|
|Govind Pashu Vihar WLS|
|25.||Uttar Pradesh||Hastinapur WLS|
|Sur Sarovar WLS|
|National Chambal WLS|
|26.||West Bengal||Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Chintamani Kar Bird Sanctuary|
|Haliday Island WLS|
|Lothian Island WLS|
List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India: UTs
Here’s complete list of Wildlife Sanctuaries in Union Territories of India 2022:
|1.||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Bamboo Island WLS|
|Barren Island WLS|
|Chanel Island WLS|
|Peacock Island WLS|
|Turtle Islands WLS|
|2.||Jammu & Kashmir||Gulmarg WLS|
|3.||Lakshadweep||Pitti WLS (Bird)|
|4.||Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Dadra & Nagar Haveli WLS|
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India FAQs
Q. How many wildlife sanctuary are there in India?
Ans. There are 565 existing wildlife sanctuaries in India covering an area of 122560.85 km2, which is 3.73% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, May. 2022). Another 218 sanctuaries are proposed in the Protected Area Network Report covering an area of 16,829 km.
Q. Which is the 1st wildlife sanctuary in India?
Ans. The first sanctuary or national park established in India is Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary which is many in one -a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India.
Q. Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary of India?
Ans. The Ranthambore National Park, located in the state of Rajasthan, is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India. It serves as a national reserve for the tigers
Q. Which is the famous wildlife sanctuary in India?
Ans. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary having been proposed as a world heritage site by UNESCO, this is one of the most famous wildlife sanctuaries in India where wildlife enthusiasts can enjoy the rich flora and fauna all around and some o the world’s tallest and oldest oak trees
Q. Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India 2022?
Ans. Rann of Kutch, also known as the Indian Wild Ass sanctuary is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India.
Q. Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary in the world?
Ans. Extending across nearly half of all of Greenland, Northeast Greenland National Park is the largest of its kind in the world. Established in 1974, Greenland’s only national park is said to be 77 times larger than Yellowstone National Park and protects 375,000 square miles of a designated international biosphere reserve.
Major Incidents in Indian History
- Quit India Movement
- Chauri Chaura Incident
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
- Green Revolution in India
- Non-Cooperation Movement