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List of Government Schemes 2024, Check Latest State and Central List

Government Schemes List 2024 for UPSC Exam

The Indian government started several Central government schemes to advance the country’s socioeconomic development. These well-organized programs were carefully planned to improve infrastructure, support neglected populations, and promote economic development. Let’s examine a few of the noteworthy programs that the Indian government implemented at this time.

The Indian government implements various schemes and programs to address the diverse needs of its citizens, ranging from poverty alleviation and healthcare to education and infrastructure development. These schemes aim to promote social welfare, economic growth, and overall progress in the country.

List of Government Schemes Ministry-wise

Here is the List of Important Schemes of Indian Government 2024:

Government Ministry Scheme
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi
Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana
National Digital Health Mission
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna
Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0
Ministry of Education STARS Project
Institutions of Eminence Scheme
Mid-May Meal
Swach Vidyalaya Abhiyan
Kala Utsav
Shikshav Parv Initiative
Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC)
Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)
Ministry of Women and Child Development Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna
Poshan Abhiyan
Rashtriya Poshan Maah
Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna
Ministry of Rural Development Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
Rashtriya Aajivika Mission
Gram Panchayat Development Plans
Startup Village Entrepreneurship Programme
DDU Grameen Kaushalya Yojna
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna
Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs Global Housing Technology Challenge
Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
Climate-Smart City Assessment Framework
Swachh Sarvekshan 2021
Ministry of Jal Shakti Rashtriya Swachhta Kendra
Grand ICT Challenge
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment Ambekar Social Innovation & Incubation Mission
Ministry of Finance Saral Jeevan Bima
Ministry of Commerce & Industry One District One Product Scheme
PRARAMBH: Startup India International Summit
Merchandise Export From India Scheme
Ministry of Textiles SAMARTH Scheme
National Technical Textile Mission
Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways Sagarmala Sea Plane Services
National Authority For Recycling of Ships
Ministry of Labor & Employment Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna
Nation Career Service Project
Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution Bureau of Indian Standards
Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020
Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation MPLADS (Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme)
NITI Aayog Vision 2035
NPMPF (‘National Program and Project Management Policy Framework’)
Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-Atal New India Challenge
Minister of Railways, Commerce and Industry, Consumer Affairs and Food and Public Distribution Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS)

Download Govt Schemes List 2023- 24 Summary

Latest Government Schemes in India

Government Scheme in India Date of Launch/Implementation
Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS) April 1, 2021
Ayushman Sahakar Scheme October 19, 2020
Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM AASHA) September 2018
SATAT Scheme (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) October 2018
Mission Sagar May 2020
NIRVIK Scheme (Niryat Rin Vikas Yojana) February 1, 2020
SVAMITVA Scheme (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) April 24, 2020
National Technical Textiles Mission (NTTM) February 26, 2020
Mission COVID Suraksha November 29, 2020
DHRUV – PM Innovative Learning Programme October 10, 2019
SERB-POWER Scheme (Promoting Opportunities for Women in Exploratory Research) October 29, 2020
One Nation One Ration Card Scheme (ONORCS)
Prime Minister Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) June 1, 2020
Mission Karmayogi September 2, 2020
Sahakar Mitra Scheme June 12, 2020
Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana May 4, 2017
Agneepath Scheme 14th June 2022

Important Government Schemes in Detail

Several programs are launched by central ministries on behalf of the Indian government to promote the social and economic well-being of the nation. For the majority of government employment exams, such as the UPSC Civil Services Exam, it is one of the most crucial areas of preparation.

  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) By 2022, the Government of India hopes to offer urban residents affordable housing through the Pradhanmantri Awas Yojana. The program debuted for the first time on June 25, 2015. For up to 20 years, the Pradhanmantri Always Yojana offers interest rates starting at 6.5 per cent annually. Pradhanmantri Awas Yojana scheme eligibility for EWS and LIG categories has been extended through March 31, 2022.
  • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana Garib Pradhanmantri Kalyan The Anya Yojana, the prime minister’s program for the poor’s food security, was introduced on March 26, 2020, during the Covid-19 in India. Each ration card holder will receive 5 kilograms of rice or wheat and 1 kg of dal as part of the Pradhanmantri Garib Kalyan and Yojana program. It is the world’s biggest programme for food security. The scheme initially covered 80 crore ration cards for 3 months in 2020. The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana’s extension for an additional four months has been authorized by the union cabinet for 2022.
  • Meri Policy Mere Hath The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana was used to introduce it. Farmers who participate in the drive will receive crop insurance for upcoming seasons at their doorsteps. The policy makes certain that farming communities are well-informed and resourced. The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana will provide the funding, and farmers who have experienced crop loss or damage will receive financial assistance. Six years have passed since Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana in Sehore, Madhya Pradesh, on February 18, 2016.
  • Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan The qualifying state higher education institution receives strategic funding from RUSA. The Central Ministry provides the financing, which then goes to the State Governments and State Higher Education Institutions. It seeks to improve efficiency and access to excellence at a higher level in the state higher education system through responsiveness, accountability, and openness.
  • Support for marginal individuals for livelihood and enterprise (SMILE) The program has a strong emphasis on recovery, medical facility provision, counselling, fundamental documentation, skill development, economic linkage, etc. The plan was developed by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, and it is carried out with the assistance of the State and Union Territory administrations, community-based groups, local urban bodies, nongovernmental organizations, institutes, and others.
  • Jal Jeevan Yojana By 2022, the Jal Jeevan mission hopes to have connected four crore rural families to the public water system. The Jal Jeevan Mission goal of achieving community involvement and technology service delivery by 2024 was emphasized by the prime minister in a recent webinar. The Jal Jeevan mission will receive 60,000 crores of rupees from the union budget in 2022.
  • Jalshakti Abhiyan  The program was introduced on March 22, 2021. From 29 March 2022 to 30 November 2022, the Jal Shakti Abhiyan campaign launched a new program called Catch the rain.
  • Ayushman Bharat Yojana The Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana, popularly known as the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, was introduced in 2018. It intends to give over 10 crore vulnerable people who lack access to high-quality healthcare health insurance coverage of up to Rs. 5 lakh per family per year. One of the biggest healthcare systems in the world, the plan includes both primary and secondary healthcare services.
  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana To help farmers with their income, the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM-KISAN) was introduced in 2019. Amounts are paid to qualifying farmers in three equal instalments of Rs. 2,000 each, or Rs. 6,000 per year, directly into their bank accounts. The program attempts to provide farmers with a basic wage and lessen their financial hardship.
  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan In an effort to promote cleanliness and sanitation throughout the nation, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was introduced in 2014. The program’s objectives are to end open defecation, encourage waste management, and enhance general cleanliness. The program has been a success in accomplishing its goals, and India has made great strides in enhancing its sanitation system.
  • Solar Charkha Scheme In June 2018, the Solar Charkha Scheme was announced by the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. A program for economic development called the Solar Charkha Mission seeks to create “solar charkha clusters” with 200 to 2042 beneficiaries (spinners, weavers, seamstresses, and other skilled artisans).
  • Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) This scheme was launched on September 10, 2020, by Prime Minister Modi to concentrate on the long-term development of India’s fisheries industry. Over five years, from FY 2020–21 to FY 2024–25, the scheme will be implemented in all Indian states and union territories for Rs 20,050 crores. It aims to enhance fish output in India by 70 lakh tonnes by the financial year 2024–2025 and boost export revenues from fisheries to Rs. 100,000 crore.
  • Public Wi-Fi Access Network Interface (PM-WANI) The Union Cabinet approved the PM WI-FI Access Network Interface (PM-WANI) Scheme on December 9, 2020, to revolutionize technology and vastly enhance wireless access throughout the nation. Among other things, it will increase the “Ease of Living” and “Ease of Doing Business.”
  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana On October 11, 2014, the Ministry of Rural Development unveiled it. This project aimed to make sure that the development of the chosen village was integrated across several sectors, including agriculture, health, education, sanitation, the environment, and livelihood. On the occasion of Jayprakash Narayan’s birth, this plan was developed to foster social and cultural advancement. MPs must select one hamlet with a population of 3000–4000 in the plains and 1000–3000 in the hills within a month of the launch.
  • Mission Karmyogi The program was officially launched on September 20, 2020, by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions. The National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB) is known by the moniker Mission Karmyogi. The mission’s objective is to strengthen civil service capacities to improve governance.
  • VAN DHAN Yojana By order of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, it was launched in 2018. The program’s objective is to aid tribal members who participate in the collection of Minor Food Produces (MFPs) in achieving economic development by helping them make the best use of available resources and by giving them a stable source of income. It will establish 10 Self Help Groups with a total of 30 tribal hunters.

State Government Schemes


  • Vajpayee Arogyasri Yojana
  • Shaadi Bhagya scheme

Madhya Pradesh

  • Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana
  • Deen Dayal Antyoday Upchar Yojna
  • Deen Dayal Mobile Health Clinic
  • Ladli Laxmi Yojana
  • Madhya Pradesh Rural Livelihoods Project
  • Mukhya Mantri Yuva Swarozgar Yojana


  • Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyan
  • Maharashtra Arthik Vikas Mahamandal
  • Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Jan Arogya Yojana


  • Aarogya Lakshmi scheme
  • Aasara pension
  • Amma Odi & KCR Kit
  • Double Bedroom Housing scheme
  • Kalyana Lakshmi – Shaadi Mubarak
  • Mission Bhagiratha
  • Rythu Bandhu scheme
  • Telangana Ku Haritha Hāram
  • Telangana Sheep Distribution scheme
  • 2 Rupees Kg Rice

Tamil Nadu

  • Amma Unavagam
  • Samathuvapuram
  • Uzhavar Santhai

West Bengal

  • Kanyashree Prakalpa

Uttar Pradesh

  • Kamdhenu Yojna
  • Free laptop distribution scheme

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Schemes of Indian Government FAQs

How many government schemes are there in India?

In the 2022 Union budget of India, there are 740 central sector (CS) schemes. and 65 (+7+) centrally sponsored schemes (CSSs). From 131 CSSs in February 2021, the union government aimed to restructure/revamp/rationalize these by the next year.

What are the best government schemes in India?

• Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
• National Pension Scheme (NPS)
• Public Provident Fund (PPF)
• National Savings Certificate (NSC)
• Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
• Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
• PMVVY or Prime Minister Vaya Vandana Yojana
• Sovereign Gold Bonds.

What Are Key schemes?

Public key schemes are built on public key cryptography. Keys are constructed in pairs, with a private key and a public key in each pair. Private keys are kept secret by the owners. Public keys are distributed and used to authenticate nodes and to verify credentials.

What are the different schemes in India?

There are various schemes in India launched by the government of India which includes the health, education, agriculture, water, development, mother care, urban, financial, transport, housing, pension, and skill development sectors.

Which scheme started in 2000?

Annapurna scheme was launched in 2000. Under the scheme, 10 kg of food grains were given to a senior citizen who has no family support per month free of cost.

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