Mountains of India
Mountains of India: India’s mountains are essential in shaping the nation’s environment. Due to the clean air, religious significance, and exciting adventure sports activities, tourists are drawn to the mysterious Indian Mountains, also known as the abodes of the Gods. All of these mountains provide a gloriously restorative escape from the oppressive heat that, between April and May, blankets most of India.
Some of the world’s tallest and most valiant mountain ranges can be found in India. Some of the most breathtaking landscapes and ecologies can be found in these ranges. A large variety of plants and wildlife are present due to the varying altitudes and ranges. At the foot of the Himalayan Mountain Ranges, you may see tropical and subtropical woods. You will simply be mesmerised by the views of the snow-capped mountains in Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir.
Mountain ranges like the Nilgiri, Shivalik, Vindhya, and Satpura mountain ranges, as well as the Western Ghats, Himalaya, Aravalli, Eastern Ghats, and Satpura mountain ranges, significantly contribute to preserving the beauty of the environment’s landscape and natural equilibrium. The Mountains of India are well-known tourist destinations in the nation. They are covered in thick and large forests that are home to a vast diversity of plants and animals.
Highest Mountain Ranges in India
1. Kangchenjunga Peak
India’s highest mountain peak is called Kanchenjunga. The mountain is the third tallest in the globe. It is tall, rising to a height of 8,586 metres (28,169 ft). Kanchenjunga’s name translates to “The Five Treasures of Snows” (namely gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books). Positioned on the line separating India and Nepal.
2. Nanda Devi Peak
The second-highest mountain peak in India is Nanda Devi. It claims to have the highest elevation in the state and is located in the Uttarakhand region of the Garhwal Himalayas. In reality, if you take everything into account, Nanda Devi might be considered to be the highest peak on the Indian subcontinent because Kanchenjunga is located near the Nepal-India boundary.
3. Kamet Peak
The third-highest peak in India is Kamet Peak. The Kamet is the highest peak in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli District’s Zaskar Mountain Range of the Garhwal area. It is surrounded by three other extremely high peaks and is located not far from Tibet. The fact that Kamet sits north of the main range further makes it a secluded and difficult location for access and trekking activities.
4. Saltoro Kangri Peak
The fourth-highest peak in India is called Saltoro Kangri Peak. The Saltoro Kangri is the tallest mountain in the Saltoro Mountain Range, a Karakoram subrange (the biggest range of the greater Himalayan Mountains). The Siachen Glacier, one of the world’s longest glaciers, may be found in Saltoro. It is listed as the world’s 31st-highest independent mountain peak.
5. Saser Kangri Peak
The 35th-highest mountain in the world and the fifth-highest peak in India is Saser Kangri. In the Saser Muztagh range in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, the Sasser Kangri is a collection of five spectacular summits. It is also one of the Karakoram Range’s subranges and is located on the southeastern side of the Karakoram Range.
6. Mamostong Kangri Peak
Mamostong Kangri is the 48th independently highest peak in the world and the sixth highest peak in India. It is the tallest peak in the Rimo Mustagh subrange of the Great Karakoram Mountains. It lies close to the Siachen Glacier and stands at a lofty height of 7,516 m (24,659 ft).
7. Rimo Peak
The Rimo, which graces the northern side of Rimo Muztagh is again a part of the great Karakoram ranges. The Rimo mountain series comprises four peaks, with Rimo I being the highest among them. To the northeast of the Rimo Mountains is the Karakoram Pass, one of the vital trade routes in central Asia. Rimo forms a part of the Siachen Glacier and holds a staggering elevation of 7,385 m (24,229 ft).
8. Hardeol Peak
When discussing the tallest peaks in India, Hardeol Peak comes in seventh. One of the most well-known summits in the Kumaon Himalaya is Hardeol, also known as the Temple of God. It is situated in the northern region of the Kumaon Sanctuary and borders the Nanda Devi. The Milam valley in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand is graced with the Hardeol summit.
9. Chaukamba Peak
On the list, Chankamba Peak is listed in ninth place. It is the tallest peak in the Gangotri group and is situated in Uttarakhand’s Garhwal Himalaya. There are four peaks that make up the Gangotri Group, with Chaukhamba standing out as the highest. Its name derives from the four peaks’ arrangement, which is so near to one another.
10. Trisul Peak
Trisul, one of three mountain peaks that make up a particular group of summits, rounds out the list in the tenth position. It is located in the hilly Kumaon region of the state of Uttarakhand. Trisul, the tallest of them all, is 7,120 metres high. The name of the trio was inspired by Lord Shiva’s Trishul sword. The organisation is situated close to the Nanda Devi sanctuary.
Names of Mountains in India
Here’s the List of All Mountains in India with their Names:
|List of Mountains||Height (m)||Range||State|
|Nanda Devi||7,816||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Saltoro Kangri / K10||7,742||Saltoro Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Saser Kangri I / K22||7,672||Saser Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Mamostong Kangri / K35||7,516||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Saser Kangri II E||7,513||Saser Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Saser Kangri III||7,495||Saser Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Teram Kangri I||7,462||Siachen Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Jongsong Peak||7,462||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Sikkim|
|Kabru N||7,412||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Sikkim|
|Ghent Kangri||7,401||Saltoro Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Rimo I||7,385||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Teram Kangri III||7,382||Siachen Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Kirat Chuli||7,362||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Sikkim|
|Mana Peak||7,272||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Apsarasas Kangri||7,245||Siachen Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Mukut Parbat||7,242||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Rimo III||7,233||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Singhi Kangri||7,202||Siachen Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Chaukhamba I / Badrinath Peak||7,138||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Pathibhara / The Pyramid||7,123||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Sikkim|
|Trisul I||7,120||Kumaon Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Chong Kumdang Ri||7,071||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Kangto||7,060||Assam Himalaya||Arunachal Pradesh|
|Nyegyi Kansang||7,047||Assam Himalaya||Arunachal Pradesh|
|Shudu Tsempa||7,024||Sikkim Himalaya||Sikkim|
|Chamshen Kangri / Tughmo Zarpo||7,017||Saser Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Aq Tash||7,016||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Chong Kumdang Ri II||7,004||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Rishi Pahar||6,992||Kumaon Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Thalay Sagar||6,984||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Mount Lakshmi||6,983||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|Kedarnath Main||6,968||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Saraswati Parvat I / Saraswati Peak||6,940||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Shahi Kangri||6,934||Central Tibetan Plateau||Ladakh|
|Sri Kailash||6,932||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Chorten Nyima Ri||6,927||Sikkim Himalaya||Sikkim|
|Saf Minal / P. 6911||6,911||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|Panchchuli II||6,904||Kumaon Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
Mountains in India Map
Highest Mountain Peaks in India
Check the full List of Highest Mountain Peaks in India:
|K2||8611 metres||It is the tallest peak in the Karakoram Range and is located between Baltistan and Xinjiang on the Indian subcontinent.|
|Kangchenjunga||8586 metres||The Himalayan Mountain Range is home to the third-highest summit in the world, also referred to as the “five gems of snow.”|
|Nanda Devi||7816 metres||The Nanda Devi National Park, which lies close to the mountain and contains the best high altitude flora and fauna, is ranked as the world’s 23rd highest peak. This mountain is the tallest peak in India. The Himalayan mountain ranges contain it (Garhwal)|
|Kamet||7756 metres||Its proximity to the Tibetan Plateau. It is situated in the region of Garhwal.|
|Saltoro Kangri||7742 metres||The Saltoro Kangri, the world’s 31st-highest independent summit, is situated nearby the Siachen Region. It is part of the Saltoro Range (a part of Karakoram Mountain range)|
|Saser Kangri||7672 metres||The Saser Muztagh range contains this mountain summit, which is 35th highest in the world and situated in Ladakh (an easternmost subrange of Karakoram Range.)|
|Mamostong Kangri/Mamostang Kangri||7516 metres||It is close to Siachen Glacier, it is the highest peak in the Rimo Muztagh range, and it is the 48th independent mountain in India (a subrange of Karakoram range)|
|Rimo I||7385 metres||The Rimo I is a component of the Great Karakoram range’s Rimo Muztagh subrange. It is the world’s 71st-highest summit.|
|Hardeol||7151 metres||One of the oldest summits in the Kumaon Himalaya, this peak is also known as the “Temple of God.”|
|Chaukhamba I||7138 metres||It is a portion of the Gangotri Group of the Garhwal Himalaya ranges and is situated in the Garhwal district of Uttrakhand.|
|Trisul I||7120 metres||The name of this mountain top comes from Lord Shiva’s weapon. It is one of three mountain summits in Uttrakhand’s Kumaon Himalaya.|
Mountains of India FAQs
Q. How many mountains are there in India?
Ans. India is a vast nation in southern Asia that is home to some of the highest mountains in the world, a rich cultural legacy, breathtaking natural scenery, and wonderful cuisine. There are 13,857 named mountains in the nation, with Kanchenjunga (8,586 m/28,169 ft) being the tallest and most notable.
Q. What are the 3 most famous mountains in India?
- Himalayan Range: The Himalayan Mountain ranges are considered the abode of the mountains, and the youngest and highest mountain range in the world.
- Karakoram Range.
- Eastern Mountain Range/ Purvanchal Range.
Q. What are the 7 major mountain ranges in India?
Ans. List of 7 Major Mountain Ranges in India
- Himalayan Mountain Ranges
- Aravalli Range
- Western Ghats
- Eastern Ghats
- Satpura and Vindhya
- Karakoram and Pir Panjal
Q. What are the five mountains of India?
- Kanchenjunga (8,586 m), Sikkim
- Nanda Devi (7,816 m), Uttarakhand
- Kamet (7,756 m), Uttarakhand
- Saltoro Kangri (7,742 m), Jammu and Kashmir
- Saser Kangri (7,672 m), Ladakh
Q. Which is the largest mountain in India?
Ans. With a height of over 8.5 thousand meters above sea level, the Kanchenjunga peak is the tallest mountain in India. It borders Nepal and India and has five peaks. This was followed by Nanda Devi at a height of around 7.8 thousand meters.
Other Indian Geography Topics
Other Fundamental Geography Topics