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Difference between IAS and IPS, Check Salary and Higher Post

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Police Service (IPS) are prestigious posts in the Indian civil services, each with its own set of roles, responsibilities, and areas of focus. These are India’s most demanding jobs. IAS officers are responsible for the administrative governance of the country. They deal with policy formulation, implementation, and supervision of government programs. On the other hand, IPS officers are primarily responsible for maintaining law and order, preventing and investigating crimes, and ensuring public safety. They lead and manage police forces at various levels, from local police stations to state and central law enforcement agencies.


One of the most significant and well-known All India Services that existed before to the country’s independence is the IAS, or Indian Administrative Service. To be hired as an IAS officer, a candidate must pass the UPSC civil services examination, which is held annually by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Among other similar services like IPS, IFS, etc., IAS is the highest administrative designation. The young of India also regard it as one of the most glamorous and interesting jobs. Only about 150 of the millions of applicants who take the exam are accepted into the IAS cadres. To become an IAS officer, a candidate must achieve a good or top position in the Civil Services Examination. IAS candidates must have at least a Bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution of higher learning.


One of the most difficult jobs in India is the IPS, or Indian Police Service. To become an IPS officer, a candidate must pass the UPSC civil services examination. Every year, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) administers this test. The minimal educational requirement to work as an IPS officer is a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university in any stream. To become an IPS officer, a candidate must pass the IPS exam, which is a component of the Civil Services Examination. An IPS officer’s responsibilities often include upholding the law, enforcing it, preserving public order, investigating crimes, etc. In a nutshell, his or her principal responsibility is to uphold public peace or law and order.

Difference between IAS and IPS

Aspect IAS (Indian Administrative Service) IPS (Indian Police Service)
Roles and Responsibilities Administrative governance, policy formulation, public service delivery Law enforcement, maintaining law and order, crime prevention
Hierarchy and Ranks Assistant Collector to Cabinet Secretary Assistant Superintendent of Police to Director General
Training Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy
Nature of Work Policy matters, developmental projects, administration Crime prevention, law enforcement, public safety
Uniform No uniform; formal business attire Distinctive police uniform
Transfers and Postings Diverse administrative roles and departments Law enforcement and police-related assignments

Difference Between IAS and IPS Rank wise

Ranks of IAS Officers IPS Officer Ranks
Assistant Collector Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)
Additional Collector Additional Superintendent of Police (Addl. SP)
Deputy Collector Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)
Collector / District Magistrate Superintendent of Police (SP)
Additional Secretary Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police
Joint Secretary Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)
Special Secretary Additional Commissioner of Police (Addl. CP)
Secretary Joint Commissioner of Police (Joint CP)
Principal Secretary Inspector General of Police (IGP)
Chief Secretary Additional Director General of Police (Addl. DGP)
Cabinet Secretary Director General of Police (DGP)


After 7th Pay Commission’s recommendations, the pay for IPS officers in India has significantly increased. An IPS might earn between 56,100 and 2,25,000 rupees a month in salary. Depending on seniority, it varies. In addition, IAS salary have improved significantly after the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations. IAS employees may earn between 56,100 and 2,50,000 rupees per month in compensation. Additionally, it differs based on seniority. IAS pay is higher than IPS pay.

IPS or IAS Which is Higher Post?

The Cabinet Secretary of the Indian government might be the highest post in IAS. The Chief Secretary of the State Government holds the highest position in the state bureaucracy. Even IAS officers hold the position of Union Home Secretary. The state’s Director-General of Police may be Highest post in IPS. The Director of the CBI, IB, and RAW can be an IPS officer in the Union Government. Additionally, IPS may be used for the position of national security adviser.


The fact that the UPSC Civil Services test is commonly referred to as the IAS exam serves as an illustration of the IAS’s popularity. In both the Civil Services Exam and in real life, IAS was more prominent than all the other public services. Every year, the UPSC Civil Services Examination selects candidates for the IAS and IPS. The majority of applicants list IAS as their top preference and IPS as their second. The Department of Personnel and Training assigns the chosen candidates to the service based on their rank and preference after IAS aspirants complete the Detailed Application Form (DAF) of the UPSC.

Cadre Controlling Authority

The ministry in question that is in charge of regulating the posting and transfer of officers is the Cadre Controlling Authority. Despite being All-India Services, the IAS and IPS each have their own Cadre Controlling Authority. The IAS Cadre Controlling Authority is the Ministry of Personnel. The Indian Prime Minister is the direct subordinate of this ministry. The Ministry of Home Affairs, which reports to the Union Home Minister, is the Cadre Controlling Authority for the IPS. After the Civil Services exam results are released, UPSC sends the recommendation list of candidates to the Ministry of Personnel, and from there, all of the candidates’ details are shared with their relevant Cadre Controlling Authorities.


The Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) welcomes all freshly recruited IAS and IPS officials for a three-month common foundation training. The other officers went to their respective specialised training institutes whereas the IAS officials stayed at the LBSNAA after the foundation course. The remaining training for IPS officers is completed at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad. The training period for IAS probationers is two years, whereas it takes two and a half years for IPS officers. President’s Gold Medal is awarded to the IAS training course winner, and Prime Minister’s Baton is handed to the IPS training course winner. The management, coordinating, and administration of the resources and manpower are more vital to IAS training. IPS instruction covers a variety of laws required for law enforcement work as well as physical training. IPS training is more challenging and physically demanding. It involves horseback riding, parades, armaments training, and other crucial law enforcement-related activities.

Power and Responsibilities

  • Some chosen IAS officers receive the posting of District Magistrate (DM) after a certain number of service years.
  • At the district level, DM is the coordinator with decision-making power.
  • All committee and departmental meetings at the district level are presided over by him.
  • The district’s police force is under the control of the DM.
  • The DM makes decisions in the city on curfew, Section 144, etc.
  • In a magisterial system of government, the DM has the authority to issue an order to open fire in order to control a mob or other similar circumstances.
  • Additionally, certain police officers may only be transferred with DM’s consent. IPS is assigned to the district as the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP).
  • He is primarily focused on maintaining the city’s law and order.
  • He need IAS officers’ consent even for some warrants.
  • Both the IAS and IPS services have fairly broad work profiles and are posted on high-ranking positions, however the IAS is far more effective as a DM.
  • An IAS (DM) is responsible for all of the district’s departments, whereas an IPS is just accountable for their own department.
  • The head of the police force and other departments is an IAS official serving as DM.
  • The IPS officer is required to salute the IAS if the latter is senior to him, according to one protocol.
  • Additionally, it is standard procedure for IPS to remove his uniform cap only after taking a seat.
  • In some of their cities, some states have enacted the commissionerate system.
  • Police officers in this system are given extra authority, but not as much as an IAS.

Scope of duty

  • All of the district’s departments fall under the DM’s remit as an IAS official.
  • While serving as SSP, an IPS is only permitted to work in the local police and traffic departments.
  • All of the district’s departments are included in the DM’s fairly broad range of responsibilities.
  • The DM is the one who coordinates at the district level even when disaster management is necessary and the army is brought in.
  • He is comparable to an army major.
  • The other crucial district employee is the IPS, who is responsible for maintaining the peace and order in the city. He is more focused on the tasks assigned to him by the DM and the departmental activities.


  • Uniform separates IAS and IPS.
  • There is no special uniform for IAS officers, they just have to wear formal clothes at the official events, but IPS has to wear their prescribed uniform.
  • IPS uniforms change with rank.
  • The IPS officer puts the Ashok symbol on their shoulders.
  • In public places, the public recognizes IPS officers because of their uniform but not an IAS

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Which is better IPS or IAS?

IAS officers are ranked at the top and after that IPS officers rank comes. However, it is a personal choice of the individual what he/she wants to become IAS or IPS.

Who is more powerful IAS or IPS?

IAS is considered the topmost position among all the administrative services. IPS is in the second rank after IAS.

Which is easy IPS or IAS?

The IAS and IPS officers are being chosen by an exam known as civil services examination conducted by UPSC every year therefore getting IAS is a bit more difficult in comparison to IPS.

Can a judge suspend IAS?

The Indian Administrative Service officers committing a felony of law or violating any part of the law as stated in the constitution of India are subject to suspension and dismissal.

Does IAS have uniform?

There is no special uniform for IAS officers.

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