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UPSC Mains 2023:The Union Public Service Commission has released the UPSC CSE Main Admit Card 2023.Candidates who have enrolled for the UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination, 2023 can check and download their admit cards from the official website at upsc.gov.in. The UPSC IAS Mains exam 2023 is scheduled to be held on September 15, 16, 17, 23, and 24, 2023.
Important Dates Related to UPSC Civil Service 2022 and 2023 exam are as follow:-
- UPSC CSE (Main) 2022- September 16-25, 2022
- IAS Interview/ UPSC Personality Test 2022- 24th April to 18th May 2023 (remaining 582 candidates)
- UPSC CSE (Preliminary) 2023- May 28, 2023
- UPSC CSE (Main) 2023- September 15, 2023
- IAS Interview/ UPSC Personality Test 2023- Yet to be notified
UPSC Mains 2023 Exam
Candidates who will be taking the UPSC Mains exam can read this article for important details. The following highlights from the UPSC exam are available for candidates to review before diving into the details:
|Full Exam Name||UPSC Civil Services Exam|
|Short Exam Name||UPSC CSE|
|Conducting Body||Union Public Service Commission|
|UPSC Mains Exam Date||15 September 2023 onwards|
|Frequency of Conduct||Once a year|
|Mode of Application||Offline / Online|
|Application Fee (General)||100 Rs [Offline]|
|Mode of Exam||Offline|
|Mode of Counselling||Offline|
|UPSC CSE Preliminary Exam – Duration||4 Hours +1 More|
UPSC Mains 2023: Important Dates
Many candidates who cleared theUPSC Prelims Exam had been waiting the exam dates, which have now been officially released. The mains exam date for the UPSC CSE 2023 exam has been officially published. View the full schedule for the event and exam dates in the table below:
|UPSC Notification 2023 Release Date||1st February 2023|
|UPSC Registration Date Begins on||1st February 2023|
|Last Day to Apply for UPSC Exam 2023||21st February 2023|
|Withdrawal of Application||To be Notified|
|Release of UPSC Admit Card 2023||8th May 2023|
|Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2023||28th May 2023|
|UPSC Prelims Answer Key 2023 [Unofficial]||28th May 2023|
|UPSC CSE Prelims Result 2023||12th June 2023|
|UPSC Mains Exam, 2023||15th to 19th September 2023|
UPSC Mains Exam Date 2023
UPSC Mains Exam Date 2023 is scheduled from the 15th of September 2023 (5 days). Union Public Service Commission has released the UPSC Mains Exam 2023 Time Table on its Official Website which has been scheduled to be conducted on the 15th, 16th, 17th, 23rd and 24th of September 2023 for recruiting a total of 1255 (1105 for CSE & 150 for IFS) candidates for different administrative services in various departments.
UPSC Mains Exam 2023 Time Table PDF Download
The Commission publishes a UPSC Mains Exam Dates for the upcoming mains exam that has been scheduled from 15th September 2023. The UPSC Mains Exam Dates for 2023 was officially released on its official website. Candidates who are giving the UPSC Mains Exam 2023 can check the exam schedule from the link provided:
UPSC Mains Exam Schedule 2023
The UPSC CSE Mains Exam 2023, which is scheduled for September 15–24, 2023, has an official release date from the UPSC Exam. The test will be given in two shifts: from 9:00 am to 12:00 pm for the first shift, and from 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm for the second shift.
9.00 am to 12.00 pm
2.00 pm to 5.00 pm
|15th September 2023||Paper-I
|16th September 2023||Paper-II
|17th September 2023||Paper-IV
|23th September 2023||Paper-A
|24th September 2023||Paper-VI
UPSC Mains Exam Pattern
UPSC CSE (Main) pattern was revised in 2015. Nine theoretical papers (essay descriptive type) will be included in the UPSC Mains in 2023, according to the new schedule. Seven of the nine papers will be used to determine merit rankings. Additionally, candidates must select one elective subject for the UPSC Mains. Later in the article, there will be more information on UPSC Mains optional. The total possible score for the UPSC Mains exam is 1750 (7 papers * 250 marks each). The length of each paper is three hours.
Below is a summary of the UPSC Mains Exam pattern for the 2023 Civil Services Exam:
|S.No.||Papers||Subject||Nature of Exam||Total Marks|
|1||Paper A||Indian Language||Qualifying||300|
|3||Paper I||Essay||Counted for Merit||250|
|4||Paper II||General Studies (GS) I||Counted for Merit||250|
|5||Paper III||General Studies (GS) II||Counted for Merit||250|
|6||Paper IV||General Studies (GS) III||Counted for Merit||250|
|7||Paper V||General Studies (GS) IV||Counted for Merit||250|
|8||Paper VI||Optional Subject Paper-I||Counted for Merit||250|
|9||Paper VII||Optional Subject Paper-II||Counted for Merit||250|
UPSC Mains Syllabus
UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023 has a vast coverage area. A written exam and an interview/personality test will comprise the Civil Services (Main) Examination. The Union Public Service Commission publishes the official notification on its website along with theUPSC Mains Syllabus 2023. It is a crucial tool for applicants as they organize their study plans and schedule specific amounts of time for every subject.
There will be nine conventional essay-style papers in the written examination. The UPSC Exam consists of three subsequent stages:
- Preliminary Examination (Objective Type),
- Main Examination (Conventional Type Written Exam)
- Interview/Personality Test
UPSC Mains Syllabus Subject wise
Apart from the Indian Language and English Papers, other papers of the main examination are counted for merit. For detailed coverage of the UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus of General Studies and Essay papers, read the complete article.
UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies I
The History, Heritage, Geography, and Culture of the World and Society are the main topics of the first General Studies paper. The commission has outlined the essential themes of the General Studies I syllabus which is mentioned below for candidates.
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society:
- Indian Culture: It covers the salient features of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient times to modern times.
- Modern Indian History: It includes the significant events, personalities, and issues from the middle of the 18th century until the present.
- In The Freedom Struggle, Various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country.
- Consolidation and Reorganisation of the country after independence.
- Events from the 18th century will be included in the history of the world, such as the industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national borders, colonisation, and decolonization, as well as political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, and others—their manifestations and social effects.
- Important characteristics of Indian society and India’s diversity.
- The role of women and the organisation of women, population and related issues, poverty and developmental challenges, urbanisation, related issues, and solutions.
- The social effects of globalisation in India.
- Communalism, Regionalism, Secularism, and Social Empowerment.
- Important physical geography characteristics of the world.
- Distribution of major natural resources worldwide (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); determinants of where primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries are located globally (including India).
- Critical geographic features and their location-changes in flora and fauna, as well as in water bodies and ice caps and the impact of such changes. Important geophysical phenomena include earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc.
UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies II
The Polity, Governance, Constitution, Social Justice, and Interrelations topics are covered in the UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies II paper. The detailed syllabus is provided to candidates below.
Governance, Polity, Constitution, Social Justice and International Relations:
- The basic structures, features, modifications, major provisions, and historical context of the Indian Constitution.
- Functions and duties of the Union and the States, problems and difficulties with the federal system, and obstacles with the devolution of authority and resources to local levels.
- Power separation between multiple organs, conflict resolution procedures, and institutions.
- Comparing the Indian constitutional design to other countries’ systems
- Structure, administration, business practises, powers, and privileges of the Parliament and State Legislatures, as well as challenges resulting from these.
- Governmental Ministries and Departments; Pressure Group organisations and formal/informal associations; and their purpose in the Polity.
- Structure, organisation, and operation of the Executive and the Judiciary.
- The Representation of People’s Act’s key characteristics.
- Appointment to several constitutional Bodies, as well as their respective duties and responsibilities.
- Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial agencies; Government interventions for development in many sectors; Problems resulting from the planning and execution of these interventions.
- The role of NGOs, SHGs, diverse groups and associations, funders, charities, institutional, and other stakeholders in development processes and the development industry.
- Welfare programmes put in place by the federal government and individual states for the population’s most vulnerable groups, as well as the effectiveness of these programmes; institutions, laws, and other organisations created to safeguard and improve the lives of these vulnerable groups.
- Issues pertaining to the growth and administration of the social sector and services in the fields of health, education, and human resources.
- Hunger and poverty-related issues.
- Transparency and accountability are crucial components of governance, as are e-governance applications, models, accomplishments, limitations, and possibilities; citizens’ charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measurements.
- The function of the civil service in a democracy
- India’s relationship with its neighbours.
- Groupings and agreements at the bilateral, regional, and international levels involving or impacting India and/or its interests.
- Effect of developed and developing countries policies and politics on India’s interests and the Indian diaspora.
- Important international organisations, agencies, and forums: their makeup and objectives.
UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies III
The subjects of Science, Technology, Economics, Defense, Disaster Management, and Nature are thoroughly covered in UPSC Mains General Studies III. This paper would raise ask relating to many facets of life as well as recent developments in all areas of life.
Economic Development, Technology, Environment, Bio-diversity, Security and Disaster Management:
- Indian Economy, including planning, resource mobilisation, growth, development, and employment difficulties.
- Inclusive growth and the problems it raises.
- Budgeting of Government.
- Major crops, patterns of cropping in various regions of the nation, various types of irrigation and irrigation systems, challenges with storage, transport, and marketing of agricultural products, and related limitations; the use of e-technology by farmers.
- Concerns about buffer stocks and food security, direct and indirect farm subsidies, and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System goals, operations, and shortcomings; Technology missions; and the economics of animal husbandry.
- Food processing and related sectors in India: their size and importance, where they are, what is needed in the upstream and downstream, and supply chain management.
- Indian land reforms.
- The economic implications of liberalisation, changes to industrial policy, and how these affect the expansion of the industrial sector.
- Infrastructure includes things like ports, roads, airports, and railroads.
- Models for investments.
- Science and technology breakthroughs, as well as how they are used and impact daily life.
- Scientific and technological advances made by Indians; indigenization of technology; and the creation of new technology.
- Awareness of issues relating to intellectual property rights as well as IT, space, computers, robotics, nanotechnology, and biotechnology.
- Environmental impact assessment, pollution and degradation of the environment, and conservation.
- Disasters and disaster management; Relationships between extremism’s growth and dissemination.
- The contribution of non-state and state actors from outside to the problems with domestic security.
- Threats to internal security posed by communication networks, the media’s and social media’s role in such threats, the fundamentals of cyber security, and money laundering and its prevention.
- Security issues and how to manage them in border regions – connections between organised crime and terrorism.
- The function of various security agencies and organizations
UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies IV
Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude: This paper contains questions to assess the candidate’s attitude and approach toward matters relating to integrity, probity in public life, and their approach to problem-solving when dealing with a variety of challenges and disputes in society. In order to determine these elements and cover area, questions may use the case study approach.
- Ethics and Human Interaction: The purpose, factors, and outcomes of ethical behaviour in people; the dimensions of ethics; and the application of ethics in both personal and professional settings. The importance of family community and educational institutions in instilling values may be seen in the study of human values, which draws lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators.
- Moral and political attitudes, social influence, and persuasion are all aspects of attitude that include its content, structure, and function as well as its relationship to cognition and behaviour.
- Civil service aptitude and core principles, including honesty, objectivity, and non-partisanship; dedication to public service; empathy; tolerance; and compassion for the weaker groups.
- Emotional intelligence concepts, as well as their benefits and use in governance and administration.
- Contributions from moral philosophers and thinkers in India and around the world.
- Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration: Status and Issues; Ethical Issues in International Relations and Funding; Corporate Governance; Laws, Rules, Regulations, and Conscience as Sources of Ethical Guidance. Accountability and Ethical Governance.
- Probity in governance includes the idea of public service, the philosophical underpinnings of governance and probity, information sharing and transparency in government, the right to information, codes of ethics and conduct, citizen’s charters, workplace culture, the effectiveness of service delivery, the use of public resources, and challenges posed by corruption.
- Case Studies on the aforementioned concerns.
UPSC Mains Syllabus: Optional Subjects
Candidates are now only need to select one optional subject due to changes in the UPSC Mains exam pattern. Two papers based on the optional subject total 500 points (250 marks multiplied by 2 papers) and are used to determine the merit ranking. The list of optional subjects for the UPSC IAS test 2023 is provided below, along with links to each subject’s whole syllabus:
The list of optional subjects for the UPSC IAS exam 2023 and links to the detailed syllabi for each optional subject are given below: