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UPSC Civil Services Mains 2023 , Exam Date out ,Syllabus and Exam Pattern

UPSC Mains 2023:The Union Public Service Commission has released the UPSC CSE Main Admit Card 2023.Candidates who have enrolled for the UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination, 2023 can check and download their admit cards from the official website at upsc.gov.in. The UPSC IAS Mains exam 2023 is scheduled to be held on September 15, 16, 17, 23, and 24, 2023.

Important Dates Related to UPSC Civil Service 2022 and 2023 exam are as follow:-

  1. UPSC CSE (Main) 2022- September 16-25, 2022
  2. IAS Interview/ UPSC Personality Test 2022- 24th April to 18th May 2023 (remaining 582 candidates)
  3. UPSC CSE (Preliminary) 2023- May 28, 2023
  4. UPSC CSE (Main) 2023- September 15, 2023
  5. IAS Interview/ UPSC Personality Test 2023- Yet to be notified

UPSC Mains 2023 Exam 

Candidates who will be taking the UPSC Mains exam can read this article for important details. The following highlights from the UPSC exam are available for candidates to review before diving into the details:

Full Exam Name UPSC Civil Services Exam
Short Exam Name UPSC CSE
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission
UPSC Mains Exam Date 15 September 2023 onwards
Frequency of Conduct Once a year
Languages English, Hindi
Mode of Application Offline / Online
Application Fee (General) 100 Rs [Offline]
Mode of Exam Offline
Mode of Counselling Offline
UPSC CSE Preliminary Exam – Duration 4 Hours +1 More

UPSC Mains 2023: Important Dates

Many candidates who cleared theUPSC Prelims Exam had been waiting the exam dates, which have now been officially released. The mains exam date for the UPSC CSE 2023 exam has been officially published. View the full schedule for the event and exam dates in the table below:

Events Dates
UPSC Notification 2023 Release Date 1st February 2023
UPSC Registration Date Begins on 1st February 2023
Last Day to Apply for UPSC Exam 2023 21st February 2023
Withdrawal of Application To be Notified
Release of UPSC Admit Card 2023 8th May 2023
Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2023 28th May 2023
UPSC Prelims Answer Key 2023 [Unofficial] 28th May 2023
UPSC CSE Prelims Result 2023 12th June 2023
UPSC Mains Exam, 2023 15th to 19th September 2023

UPSC Mains Exam Date 2023

UPSC Mains Exam Date 2023 is scheduled from the 15th of September 2023 (5 days). Union Public Service Commission has released the UPSC Mains Exam 2023 Time Table on its Official Website which has been scheduled to be conducted on the 15th, 16th, 17th, 23rd and 24th of September 2023 for recruiting a total of 1255 (1105 for CSE & 150 for IFS) candidates for different administrative services in various departments.

UPSC Mains Exam 2023 Time Table PDF Download

The Commission publishes a UPSC Mains Exam Dates for the upcoming mains exam that has been scheduled from 15th September 2023. The UPSC Mains Exam Dates for 2023 was officially released on its official website. Candidates who are giving the UPSC Mains Exam 2023 can check the exam schedule from the link provided:

UPSC Mains Exam 2023 Time Table PDF Download

UPSC Mains Exam Schedule 2023

The UPSC CSE Mains Exam 2023, which is scheduled for September 15–24, 2023, has an official release date from the UPSC  Exam. The test will be given in two shifts: from 9:00 am to 12:00 pm for the first shift, and from 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm for the second shift.

Date Morning Shift

9.00 am to 12.00 pm

Afternoon Shift

2.00 pm to 5.00 pm

15th September 2023 Paper-I


No Paper
16th September 2023 Paper-II

General Studies-I


General Studies-II

17th September 2023 Paper-IV

General Studies-III


General Studies-IV

23th September 2023 Paper-A

Indian Language



24th September 2023 Paper-VI

Optional Subject-Paper-1


Optional Subject-Paper-2

UPSC Mains Exam Pattern

UPSC CSE (Main) pattern was revised in 2015. Nine theoretical papers (essay descriptive type) will be included in the UPSC Mains in 2023, according to the new schedule. Seven of the nine papers will be used to determine merit rankings. Additionally, candidates must select one elective subject for the UPSC Mains. Later in the article, there will be more information on UPSC Mains optional. The total possible score for the UPSC Mains exam is 1750 (7 papers * 250 marks each). The length of each paper is three hours.

Below is a summary of the UPSC Mains Exam pattern for the 2023 Civil Services Exam:

S.No. Papers Subject Nature of Exam Total Marks
1 Paper A Indian Language Qualifying 300
2 Paper B English Qualifying 300
3 Paper I Essay Counted for Merit 250
4 Paper II General Studies (GS) I Counted for Merit 250
5 Paper III General Studies (GS) II Counted for Merit 250
6 Paper IV General Studies (GS) III Counted for Merit 250
7 Paper V General Studies (GS) IV Counted for Merit 250
8 Paper VI Optional Subject Paper-I Counted for Merit 250
9 Paper VII Optional Subject Paper-II Counted for Merit 250

UPSC Mains Syllabus

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023 has a vast coverage area. A written exam and an interview/personality test will comprise the Civil Services (Main) Examination. The Union Public Service Commission publishes the official notification on its website along with theUPSC Mains Syllabus 2023. It is a crucial tool for applicants as they organize their study plans and schedule specific amounts of time for every subject.

There will be nine conventional essay-style papers in the written examination. The UPSC Exam consists of three subsequent stages:

  • Preliminary Examination (Objective Type),
  • Main Examination (Conventional Type Written Exam)
  • Interview/Personality Test

UPSC Mains Syllabus Subject wise

Apart from the Indian Language and English Papers, other papers of the main examination are counted for merit. For detailed coverage of the UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus of General Studies and Essay papers, read the complete article.

UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies I

The History, Heritage, Geography, and Culture of the World and Society are the main topics of the first General Studies paper. The commission has outlined the essential themes of the General Studies I syllabus which is mentioned below for candidates.

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society:

  • Indian Culture: It covers the salient features of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient times to modern times.
  • Modern Indian History: It includes the significant events, personalities, and issues from the middle of the 18th century until the present.
  • In The Freedom Struggle, Various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Consolidation and Reorganisation of the country after independence.
  • Events from the 18th century will be included in the history of the world, such as the industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national borders, colonisation, and decolonization, as well as political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, and others—their manifestations and social effects.
  • Important characteristics of Indian society and India’s diversity.
  • The role of women and the organisation of women, population and related issues, poverty and developmental challenges, urbanisation, related issues, and solutions.
  • The social effects of globalisation in India.
  • Communalism, Regionalism, Secularism, and Social Empowerment.
  • Important physical geography characteristics of the world.
  • Distribution of major natural resources worldwide (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); determinants of where primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries are located globally (including India).
  • Critical geographic features and their location-changes in flora and fauna, as well as in water bodies and ice caps and the impact of such changes. Important geophysical phenomena include earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc.

UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies II

The Polity, Governance, Constitution, Social Justice, and Interrelations topics are covered in the UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies II paper. The detailed syllabus is provided to candidates below.

Governance, Polity, Constitution, Social Justice and International Relations:

  • The basic structures, features, modifications, major provisions, and historical context of the Indian Constitution.
  • Functions and duties of the Union and the States, problems and difficulties with the federal system, and obstacles with the devolution of authority and resources to local levels.
  • Power separation between multiple organs, conflict resolution procedures, and institutions.
  • Comparing the Indian constitutional design to other countries’ systems
  • Structure, administration, business practises, powers, and privileges of the Parliament and State Legislatures, as well as challenges resulting from these.
  • Governmental Ministries and Departments; Pressure Group organisations and formal/informal associations; and their purpose in the Polity.
  • Structure, organisation, and operation of the Executive and the Judiciary.
  • The Representation of People’s Act’s key characteristics.
  • Appointment to several constitutional Bodies, as well as their respective duties and responsibilities.
  • Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial agencies; Government interventions for development in many sectors; Problems resulting from the planning and execution of these interventions.
  • The role of NGOs, SHGs, diverse groups and associations, funders, charities, institutional, and other stakeholders in development processes and the development industry.
  • Welfare programmes put in place by the federal government and individual states for the population’s most vulnerable groups, as well as the effectiveness of these programmes; institutions, laws, and other organisations created to safeguard and improve the lives of these vulnerable groups.
  • Issues pertaining to the growth and administration of the social sector and services in the fields of health, education, and human resources.
  • Hunger and poverty-related issues.
  • Transparency and accountability are crucial components of governance, as are e-governance applications, models, accomplishments, limitations, and possibilities; citizens’ charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measurements.
  • The function of the civil service in a democracy
  • India’s relationship with its neighbours.
  • Groupings and agreements at the bilateral, regional, and international levels involving or impacting India and/or its interests.
  • Effect of developed and developing countries policies and politics on India’s interests and the Indian diaspora.
  • Important international organisations, agencies, and forums: their makeup and objectives.

UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies III

The subjects of Science, Technology, Economics, Defense, Disaster Management, and Nature are thoroughly covered in UPSC Mains General Studies III. This paper would raise ask relating to many facets of life as well as recent developments in all areas of life.

Economic Development, Technology, Environment, Bio-diversity, Security and Disaster Management:

  • Indian Economy, including planning, resource mobilisation, growth, development, and employment difficulties.
  • Inclusive growth and the problems it raises.
  • Budgeting of Government.
  • Major crops, patterns of cropping in various regions of the nation, various types of irrigation and irrigation systems, challenges with storage, transport, and marketing of agricultural products, and related limitations; the use of e-technology by farmers.
  • Concerns about buffer stocks and food security, direct and indirect farm subsidies, and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System goals, operations, and shortcomings; Technology missions; and the economics of animal husbandry.
  • Food processing and related sectors in India: their size and importance, where they are, what is needed in the upstream and downstream, and supply chain management.
  • Indian land reforms.
  • The economic implications of liberalisation, changes to industrial policy, and how these affect the expansion of the industrial sector.
  • Infrastructure includes things like ports, roads, airports, and railroads.
  • Models for investments.
  • Science and technology breakthroughs, as well as how they are used and impact daily life.
  • Scientific and technological advances made by Indians; indigenization of technology; and the creation of new technology.
  • Awareness of issues relating to intellectual property rights as well as IT, space, computers, robotics, nanotechnology, and biotechnology.
  • Environmental impact assessment, pollution and degradation of the environment, and conservation.
  • Disasters and disaster management; Relationships between extremism’s growth and dissemination.
  • The contribution of non-state and state actors from outside to the problems with domestic security.
  • Threats to internal security posed by communication networks, the media’s and social media’s role in such threats, the fundamentals of cyber security, and money laundering and its prevention.
  • Security issues and how to manage them in border regions – connections between organised crime and terrorism.
  • The function of various security agencies and organizations

UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies IV

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude: This paper contains questions to assess the candidate’s attitude and approach toward matters relating to integrity, probity in public life, and their approach to problem-solving when dealing with a variety of challenges and disputes in society. In order to determine these elements and cover area, questions may use the case study approach.

  • Ethics and Human Interaction: The purpose, factors, and outcomes of ethical behaviour in people; the dimensions of ethics; and the application of ethics in both personal and professional settings. The importance of family community and educational institutions in instilling values may be seen in the study of human values, which draws lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators.
  • Moral and political attitudes, social influence, and persuasion are all aspects of attitude that include its content, structure, and function as well as its relationship to cognition and behaviour.
  • Civil service aptitude and core principles, including honesty, objectivity, and non-partisanship; dedication to public service; empathy; tolerance; and compassion for the weaker groups.
  • Emotional intelligence concepts, as well as their benefits and use in governance and administration.
  • Contributions from moral philosophers and thinkers in India and around the world.
  • Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration: Status and Issues; Ethical Issues in International Relations and Funding; Corporate Governance; Laws, Rules, Regulations, and Conscience as Sources of Ethical Guidance. Accountability and Ethical Governance.
  • Probity in governance includes the idea of public service, the philosophical underpinnings of governance and probity, information sharing and transparency in government, the right to information, codes of ethics and conduct, citizen’s charters, workplace culture, the effectiveness of service delivery, the use of public resources, and challenges posed by corruption.
  • Case Studies on the aforementioned concerns.

UPSC Mains Syllabus: Optional Subjects

Candidates are now only need to select one optional subject due to changes in the UPSC Mains exam pattern. Two papers based on the optional subject total 500 points (250 marks multiplied by 2 papers) and are used to determine the merit ranking. The list of optional subjects for the UPSC IAS test 2023 is provided below, along with links to each subject’s whole syllabus:

The list of optional subjects for the UPSC IAS exam 2023 and links to the detailed syllabi for each optional subject are given below:

List of optional subjects in UPSC Mains 2023 Detailed Syllabus
1 Agriculture UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Agriculture
2 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Animal Husbandry & Vet Science
3 Anthropology UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Anthropology
4 Botany UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Botany
5 Chemistry UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Chemistry
6 Civil Engineering UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Civil Engg
7 Commerce & Accountancy UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Commerce & Accountancy
8 Economics UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Economics
9 Electrical Engineering UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Electrical Engg
10 Geography UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Geography
11 Geology UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Geology
12 History UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – History
13 Law UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Law
14 Management UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Management
15 Mathematics UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Mathematics
16 Mechanical Engineering UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Mech Engg
17 Medical Science UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Medical Science
18 Philosophy UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Philosophy
19 Physics UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Physics
20 Political Science & International Relations UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Political Science & IR
21 Psychology UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Psychology
22 Public Administration UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Public Administration
23 Sociology UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Sociology
24 Statistics UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Statistics
25 Zoology UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Zoology
26 Assamese (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Assamese Lit
27 Bengali (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Bengali Lit
28 Bodo (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Bodo Lit
29 Dogri (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Dogri Lit
30 Gujarati (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Gujarati Lit
31 Hindi (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Hindi Lit
32 Kannada (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Kannada Lit
33 Kashmiri (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Kashmiri Lit
34 Konkani (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Konkani Lit
35 Maithili (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Maithali Lit
36 Malayalam (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Malayalam Lit
37 Manipuri (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Manipuri Lit
38 Marathi (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Marathi Lit
39 Nepali (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Nepali Lit
40 Oriya (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus  – Oriya Lit
41 Punjabi (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabusl – Punjabi Lit
42 Sanskrit (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Sanskrit Lit
43 Santhali (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– Santhali Lit
44 Sindhi (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Sindhi Lit
45 Tamil (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus-Tamil Lit
46 Telugu (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Telugu Lit
47 Urdu (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus – Urdu Lit
48 English (Literature) UPSC Mains Optional Syllabus– English Lit


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What are the 9 papers in UPSC mains?

The 9 papers in IAS Exam (Mains) are as follows: Paper-A (Compulsory Indian Language); Paper –B (English) which are qualifying in nature, while the other papers like Essay, General Studies Papers I, II, III, and IV, and Optional Papers I and II are considered for the final ranking. Sl. No.

Is 3 months enough for UPSC mains?

Though it is always advised to prepare a year in advance, clearing UPSC Mains in 3 months is also quite possible. One needs to follow the right strategy, a disciplined approach, and give maximum efficiency. There is a 3-month gap (100-120 days) between the Prelims and Mains exams.

When was UPSC mains 2023?

The Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2023 will be held on September 15, 16, 17, 23 and 24 2023. The UPSC Civil Services exam will be heldin two sessions each day, from 9.00 AM to 12 PM in the morning and from 2 PM to 5:00 PM in the afternoon

Which is paper 1 in UPSC?

GS Paper 1 of UPSC Mains is one of the four general studies papers. It is a subjective type of paper consisting of subjects like History, Geography, Art and Culture, and Indian Society.

Is UPSC Mains is hard to crack?

One of the hardest exam in India is the UPSC. The second round of the UPSC, known as Mains, might be challenging to pass. More perseverance and extended study hours are required due to the variety of disciplines. That said, it's quite difficult for anyone who isn't prepared to put in the time, perseverance, and attention necessary to pass the exam. But UPSC Mains isn't as challenging as people think it is if a committed regular student is prepared to put in the necessary effort..

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