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UPSC Prelims Syllabus, Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Subject wise 2023

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

The Civil Service Exam is held annually by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for renowned positions in the Government of India, such as IAS, IPS, IFS, and IRS etc. Candidates must pass three stages of the exam i.e., Prelims, Mains, and Interview Round to be recruited for these positions.

The UPSC Prelims Exam is divided into two papers: General Studies Paper and CSAT. The candidates must pass the Prelims Exam in order to be qualified for the UPSC Mains Exam, even though the marks earned in the UPSC Prelims 2023 will not be included in the final merit list.

We have covered the entire UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2023 in this article to assist you in planning your study strategy. It helps to create confidence and makes it simple for the aspirant to plan a strategy for passing the UPSC Prelims exam if a candidate is familiar with the detailed Syllabus for UPSC Prelims exam. On May 28, 2023, the UPSC CSE preliminary examination will be held.

Read More: UPSC Syllabus

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2023 Overview

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2023 Overview
Name Prelims Syllabus
Exam Date 28th May 2023
Number of Papers Two (General Studies – 1 & CSAT)
Types of Questions Multiple Choice Questions (Objective Type)
Duration of Exam 2 hours each
Total Marks 200 marks for each paper (Total of 400 marks)
Language of Exam English & Hindi
Negative Marking  ⅓rd mark
Marks Counted in Merit No

Read More: UPSC Syllabus in Hindi

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

Candidates should thoroughly understand the UPSC CSE (Civil Service Examination) exam pattern before referring to the UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2023. The UPSC Prelims exam has two papers. General Studies (GS) is the first paper for the UPSC prelims test, and CSAT is the second paper. The Civil Services Aptitude Test is sometimes referred to as CSAT.

UPSC IAS Prelims Exam Pattern
Paper Subject Marks No. of Question Duration
I General Studies 1 (GS-1) 200 100 2 hours
II General Studies 1 (GS-1) CSAT 200 80 2 hours

Some Important Facts about UPSC Prelims Exam:

  • For each incorrectly marked answer, one-third of a mark is deducted; however, no marks are deducted for questions that go unanswered.
  • For General Studies (Paper I), candidates earn marks for the correct answer and 0.66 is deducted for each incorrect answer.
  • Candidates will be awarded 2.5 marks for each correct answer on CSAT (Paper-II), and 0.833 marks will be deducted for each incorrect answer. This paper will be qualifying in nature with a fixed minimum qualifying mark of 33%.
  • The Prelims exam marks won’t be counted into the final score (merit list).
  • The General Studies exam is organized in the morning shift and CSAT (GS Paper 2) in the evening shift on the same day.

Read More: UPSC CSE 2023 Exam Pattern

UPSC Prelims Syllabus Subject-wise

The detailed UPSC Prelims Syllabus is available in this section. Candidates can review the complete General Studies (Paper I) and CSAT (Paper II) Syllabus subject-wise and start preparing for the UPSC CSE 2023.

UPSC Prelims GS Paper 1 Syllabus

The first paper of the UPSC Prelims Exam is General Studies 1 (GS-1) which includes Geography, History, Art & Culture, Polity, Economy, Environment & Ecology, General Science, Science & Technology and Current Affairs.

Geography UPSC Prelims Syllabus

Oceanography, Climatology, Physiography of India, Soils in India etc. are important topics for the UPSC exam. For topic-wise detailed coverage of the Geography UPSC Prelims Syllabus refer to the below table:

Geography UPSC Prelims Syllabus
Fundamentals of Geography (Physical Geography) Principles of Indian Geography
General Geography

  • Universe
  • Earth Evolution

Geomorphology

  • Earth’s Interior
  • Geology and Rock System
  • Geomorphic Process
  • Earthquakes and Volcanism
  • Distribution of Continents and Oceans
  • Landforms and their evolution
  • Landforms across the world

Oceanography

  • Hydrosphere
  • Submarine Relief Features
  • Temperature and Salinity
  • Waves, Oceans, Currents, Tides
  • Marine Resources
  • Ocean, Deposits and Corals

Climatology

  • Atmosphere
  • Inversion of Temperature
  • Insolation and Heat Budget
  • Air Mass, Fronts, Cyclones and Jet Streams
  • Wind and Pressure Belts
  • Precipitation
  • Climate Zones of the World

Bio Geography

  • Soil Characteristics
  • Vegetation Resources

Human and Economic Geography

  • Demography and Census
  • Human Development
  • Economic Activities
  • Transport and Communication
  • International Trade
  • Settlement
Indian Geography

  • Physiography of India
  • Drainage System
  • Climate
  • Soils in India
  • Natural Vegetation
  • Population
  • Settlements and Urbanization
  • Land Resource
  • Mineral Resource
  • Energy Resource
  • Agriculture and Basic Terminology
  • Recent development in agriculture
  • Productivity of Crops
  • Industry
  • Transport
  • Recent developments in Industry and Transport

World Regional Geography

  • Continents, Countries, and Cities
  • Location in News

Read More: UPSC Geography Syllabus

History Syllabus for UPSC Prelims

Ancient History, Medieval History and Modern History are the major categorisation of Indian History. Every section has its own importance to understand the chronology of Indian History thoroughly. Out of these, Modern History has its own importance as per the past UPSC trends. For topic-wise detailed coverage of the History Syllabus for UPSC Prelims refer to the below table:

History Syllabus for UPSC Prelims
Ancient History Medieval History Modern History
  • Pre-Historic Times
  • Indus Valley Civilization
  • Rig Vedic Period
  • Later Vedic Period
  • Jainism
  • Buddhism
  • Mahajanpadas
  • Mauryan Period
  • Post-Mauryan Period
  • Gupta Period
  • Harshwardhana Period
  • Sangam Period (South-Indian Dynasties)
  • Famous Early Medieval Indian Dynasties (Pallavas, Pratiharas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas)
  • Cholas and South Indian Kingdoms
  • Early Muslim Invasions
  • The Delhi Sultanate
  • Afghans, Rajputs & Mughals
  • Establishment of the North-Indian Empire
  • The Mughal Empire
  • Marathas and the Other Indian States
  • The decline of the Mughal Empire
  • Vijaynagar Empire
  • Advent of Europeans
  • British Expansion
  • Administration before 1857
  • Economic Policies of the British
  • Impact of British Administration
  • Revolt of 1857
  • Administrative Changes after 1857
  • Development of Civil Services
  • Development of Education
  • Development of Press
  • Socio-Religious Reforms
  • Peasant Movements
  • Revolutionary Nationalism
  • Indian National Movement-I (1905-1918)
  • Indian National Movement-II (1918-1929)
  • Indian National Movement-III (1930-1947)
  • Governors-General and Viceroys of India
  • Constitutional Development of Indian

Read More: UPSC CSE 2023 Notification

Art & Culture UPSC Prelims Syllabus

Architecture, Classical dance forms, Folk dance forms, Mural Painting, Miniature Paintings etc. are important topics for the UPSC exam. For topic-wise detailed coverage of the Art & Culture UPSC Prelims Syllabus refer to the below table:

Art & Culture UPSC Prelims Syllabus
  • Architecture
  • Sculpture
  • Paintings (Mural & Miniature)
  • Pottery Tradition
  • Numismatics
  • Performing Arts (Dance, Music, Theater, Martial Arts)
  • Religion and Literature
  • National and Regional Festivals

Read More: UPSC Mains Syllabus

Environment UPSC Prelims Syllabus

Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Mangroves, Coral Reefs, Climate Change etc. are important topics for the UPSC exam. For topic-wise detailed coverage of the Environment UPSC Prelims Syllabus refer to the below table:

Environment UPSC Prelims Syllabus
Environment & Ecology Biodiversity
  • Origin of Life Forms
  • Basic Concepts of Ecology
  • Ecosystem Functions
  • Population Ecology
  • Adaptation of Species and Interactions
  • Terrestrial Ecosystem
  • Aquatic Ecosystem
  • Nutrient Cycling
  • Basics of Bio-Diversity
  • Animal and Plant Diversity
  • Threats to Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity Conservation
  • Estuaries
  • Mangroves
  • Coral Reliefs
  • Wetlands
  • Resource Degradation and Management
  • Environmental Pollution
  • Climate Change
  • Environmental Governance

Polity UPSC Prelims Syllabus

Fundamental Rights, DPSPs, Fundamental Duties, Judiciary, CAG, Attorney General of India etc. are important topics for the UPSC exam. For topic-wise detailed coverage of the Polity UPSC Prelims Syllabus refer to the below table:

Polity UPSC Prelims Syllabus
  • Evolution of the Consitution
  • Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
  • Union & Its Territory
  • Citizenship
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Fundamental Duties
  • System of Governance
  • Union Executive
  • Union Legislature
  • State Executive
  • State Legislature
  • Local Government
  • UT and Special Areas
  • Judiciary
  • Constitutional & Non-Constitutional Bodies
  • Political Dynamics (Political Parties, Elections, Pressure Groups)
  • Governance
  • International Relations

Economy UPSC Prelims Syllabus

Money & Banking, Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy, Inflation, Five-year plans, etc. are important topics for the UPSC exam. For topic-wise detailed coverage of the Economy UPSC Prelims Syllabus refer to the below table:

Economy
Basic Concepts

  • Macroeconomic Concepts
  • Microeconomic Concepts

Economic Measurements

  • National Income & Its Calculation
  • Economic Growth and Development
  • Inflation

Money & Banking

  • Money Function & Classification
  • Financial Markets & Its Instruments
  • Banking Structure in India

Public Finance in India

  • Budgeting
  • Fiscal Policy
  • Centre-state Distribution
  • Tax Structure in India
Planning

  • Meaning, Objective & History
  • Planning Institutions
  • Five-Year Plans in India
  • NITI Aayog

Open Economy

  • Foreign Trade Concepts
  • International Organizations
  • Trade Agreements
  • Recent Development

Economic Sectors

  • Poverty
  • Employment and Unemployment
  • Government Schemes and Programmes

General Science UPSC Prelims Syllabus

Science & Technology, Defence, Space, Biology, Basic Physics concepts, Biotechnology etc. are important topics for the UPSC exam. For topic-wise detailed coverage of the General Science UPSC Prelims Syllabus refer to the below table:

General Science UPSC Prelims Syllabus
  • Science & Technology in India
  • Space
  • IT and Communication
  • Materials, Nano Technology and Robotics
  • Defence
  • Nuclear Technology
  • Intellectual Property Rights and Other Miscellaneous Issues
  • Biotechnology

UPSC Prelims CSAT Syllabus

The following main categories comprise the UPSC Prelims CSAT Syllabus that has been mentioned in the UPSC’s notification:

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numerical skills (orders of magnitude, numbers & their relations, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data Interpretation (graphs, charts, tables, data sufficiency etc.) (Class X level).

UPSC Prelims Syllabus PDF

Here is the complete UPSC Prelims Syllabus PDF:

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

UPSC Prelims Syllabus FAQs

Q. What is the syllabus for prelims in UPSC?

Ans. The first paper of the UPSC Prelims Exam is General Studies 1 (GS-1) which includes Geography, History, Art & Culture, Polity, Economy, Environment & Ecology, General Science, Science & Technology and Current Affairs and Paper 2 CSAT is based on aptitude & comprehensions.

Q. Is Ncert sufficient for UPSC Prelims?

Ans. For the IAS examination, NCERT books are essential. However, candidates should also read other relevant books that are necessary for value addition.

Q. How many books are in UPSC Prelims?

Ans. There is no fixed number of books. NCERT is mandatory to start the preparation but some other books are also required to enhance the knowledge and sometimes it depends on your educational background and understanding of the specific subjects.

Q. Can I qualify for IAS without coaching?

Ans. Yes, it is possible to pass the IAS exam without coaching. It depends on how well he or she studies and how serious & consistent the preparation is. Without any coaching, you can crack the UPSC CSE if you are proficient in self-study.

Q. How many papers are in UPSC prelims?

Ans. There are 2 papers in the UPSC prelims exam one is General Studies (Paper 1) and the other is CSAT (Paper 2).

Q. What are the subjects in prelims UPSC?

Ans. Geography, History, Art & Culture, Polity, Economy, Environment & Ecology, General Science, Science & Technology and Current Affairs are the subjects in the UPSC Prelims exam.

Q. What are the passing marks for prelims?

Ans. UPSC Prelims exam has 2 papers: General Studies Paper I marks should be above the cut-off marks that are decided by the commission and Paper 2 CSAT is a qualifying paper that requires a minimum of 33%.

Q. Do prelims marks matter?

Ans. Yes, prelims marks matter a lot because it is an entry gate to enter the UPSC mains exam journey.

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