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Polar Climate, Distribution, Climatic Conditions & Map

Polar Climate

A polar climate has cool summers and extremely cold winters, resulting in treeless tundra, glaciers, or a permanent or semi-permanent layer of ice. The Köppen climate classification assigns it the letter E. Here are the complete details about the Polar Climate in this article, which is included in the UPSC IAS Exam’s Geography Syllabus.

Read More: Climatology

Polar Climate Distribution Map

Polar Climate and vegetation are found mainly north of the Arctic Circle in the northern hemisphere. Ice exists in Greenland and in the highlands of these high-latitude areas, where the ground is covered with permanent ice. The lowlands, with a few months without snow, have tundra vegetation. They include the coastline of Greenland, the desert plains of northern Canada and Alaska, and the Arctic Seaboard of Eurasia.

Arctic Polar Or Tundra Climatic Region

Read More: Equatorial Climate Region

Polar Climatic Conditions

Long, cold winters, with average annual temperatures well below freezing. Polar regions are frequently windy, with little precipitation. Polar landscapes are covered in permanent ice caps.

Read More: Tropical Climate

Polar Climate Temperature

It has very low yearly temperatures, and June, the warmest month, seldom ever exceeds 10 °C. January is the middle of winter when inside temperatures can drop as low as 3 to 5 °C. Summer is cold and brief, whereas winter is long and brutal. The average year has four months with temperatures above freezing. There are weeks of nonstop darkness in the Arctic and Antarctic Circles (Rotation and Revolution). Plants cannot grow on frozen ground because it is still completely frozen. Frost can happen at any time, and blizzards with winds of up to 130 mph are not uncommon.

Read More: Steppe Climate

Polar Climate Precipitation & Snow

Snow is a sort of rain that accumulates during the winter and is removed by snowstorms. The way that snow falls differ from location to place; it could be huge, congealed snowflakes or snow crystals. Due to the limited evaporation and deficiency of moisture in the freezing polar air, convectional rainfall is typically absent. Sleet and snow make up the majority of the precipitation. Rainfall from convection is typically nonexistent.

Read More: Precipitation

Polar Climate Natural Vegetation

Few plants can live in the tundra’s harsh circumstances. The lack of heat is a significant influencing factor. The tundra is devoid of trees. Mosses, lichens, and sedges are the lowest species of plants. The tundra is devoid of trees. Mosses, lichens, and other types of low vegetation can be found here and there. The coastal lowlands’ climatic conditions are somewhat good. Reindeer moss and resistant grasses are the only sources of pasturage for reindeer in coastal lowlands. Arctic flowers and berry-bearing plants bloom during the limited summer.

Birds move north in the summer to feed on the countless insects that emerge when the snow thaws. Tundra environments are also home to mammals such as wolves, foxes, musk-ox, Arctic hares, and lemmings. Penguins are confined to the Antarctic.

Read More: Natural Vegetation of India

Polar Climate Life and Economy

The coast is where most human activity occurs in terms of both life and economy. Only ethnic groups like the Samoyeds, Lapps, and Eskimos reside here. Most of the tundra’s human activity is restricted to the coast. People lead somewhat itinerant lives. The Eskimos live in Greenland, Alaska, and northern Canada. They spend the winter months in small igloos. They eat fish, seals, walruses, and polar bears for food. Nowadays, guns are employed to locate animals instead of the more conventional harpoons.

Read More: British Type of Climate

Polar/Arctic Region Development

Mineral discoveries have led to the growth of new towns. Copper is mined in Canada’s Rankin Inlet, petroleum is extracted on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula, and gold is mined in Alaska. Iron ore deposits in Labrador are becoming more significant due to the diminishing reserves of iron ore in the Great Lakes region. For the purpose of transporting the ores to the St. Lawrence River, new railway lines have been built.

Rich iron ore reserves in Kiruna and Gallivare contributed to Sweden’s successful export trade in iron, steel, and other metallurgical goods. Shipments of lumber and fur from Siberia are now available because to new ports on the Arctic littoral of Eurasia. The ice-covered oceans are navigable thanks to modern icebreakers.

Read More: China Type Climate

Arctic Region/Polar Region Significance

India, as one of the thirteen countries with Arctic Council Observer status, has a significant stake in the region.Mineral and oil resources are abundant in the area. The fact that so many maritime routes pass through the Arctic region adds to its importance.

In addition to affecting the availability of mineral and hydrocarbon resources, the negative consequences of climate change are also altering international trade lanes.

Read More: Siberian Type Climate

Polar Climate UPSC

India has strategic, commercial, environmental, and scientific interests in the Arctic. For this reason, India has maintained a consistent and extensive relationship with the Arctic over the years. The goal of India’s Arctic Policy is to get the nation ready for a time when the greatest problems facing humanity, like climate change, maybe successfully solved.

It may be possible to improve the country’s strategy by creating a specialised expert committee to develop, monitor, steer, implement, and assess India’s Arctic policy.

Read More: Types of Rainfall

Other Indian Geography Topics

Seasons of India Mountains of India
Mangrove Forests in India Important Mountain Passes in India
Monsoon in India
Indus River System
Climate of India
Rivers of India
Tributaries of Ganga
National Parks in India
Important Dams in India
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Tiger Reserves in India
Northern Plains of India
Physiography of India
Important Lakes of India
Wetlands in India
Biodiversity in India
Natural Vegetation in India Earthquakes in India
Types of Soil in India
Ramsar Sites in India
Brahmaputra River System
Hydropower Plants in India
Nuclear Power Plants in India
Major Ports in India
Biosphere Reserves in India
Waterfalls in India

Other Fundamental Geography Topics

Solar System Types of Clouds
Structure of the Atmosphere Himalayan Ranges
Component of Environment
El Nino and La Nina
Coral Reef
Continental Drift Theory
Endogenic and Exogenic Forces
Indian Ocean Region
Pacific Ocean
Indian Ocean Dipole
Air Pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment
Tropical Cyclone
Western Disturbances
Types of Rocks

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Where are polar climates?

Polar regions surround the North and South Poles of the Earth. The Arctic refers to the region surrounding the North Pole. Antarctica is the region surrounding the South Pole.

What is a polar climate example?

A polar climate can be found in Antarctica. A polar climate is one in which temperatures average less than 50 degrees Fahrenheit each month of the year, preventing warm summers.

Does India have a polar climate?

Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttaranchal have polar climates.

Which climate is best in India?

Between October and March is the best time to visit India because the weather is more likely to be warm, sunny, and dry. At this time of year, the north has clear blue skies.However, December and January are significantly cooler, with the possibility of fog, while the higher Himalaya can be very cold, but with clearer mountain views.

Does polar have 4 seasons?

The poles receive less energy and heat from the sun due to the Earth's tilt and orbit around the sun. As a result, there are only two polar seasons: summer and winter. The sun does not set in the poles during the summer, and it does not rise in the winter.


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