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The Dead Sea sometimes referred to as the Salt Sea, is situated between Jerusalem (Israel) and Jordan on the right side. Because water from the Dead Sea’s only water supply (the Jordan River) has been pouring out of the body of water more frequently than it has been entering it, scientists have expressed concern that the Dead Sea may vanish.
The sea is said to as “dead” because, despite the presence of minute amounts of bacteria and microbial fungi, its extreme salinity makes it impossible for macroscopic aquatic animals like fish and aquatic plants to survive there. The Dead Sea’s salt concentration can fall from its usual 35% to as low as 30% during floods.
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Dead Sea Bordering Countries
The Dead Sea is situated between Israel and Jordan and forms part of the border between the two countries. The Dead Sea is fed mainly by the Jordan River, which enters the lake from the north.
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Dead Sea Map
The Dead Sea is a landlocked salt lake between Israel and Jordan in southwestern Asia. Below is the map of the Dead sea.
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Dead Sea Geography
The Dead Sea has the lowest elevation on land and is the world’s lowest body of water. The water in the Dead Sea is roughly ten times saltier than ocean water in general. Here, crystallised sodium chloride makes the sand and pebbles at the water’s edge glitter. Although there are small perennial springs beneath and surrounding the Dead Sea, creating pools and quicksand pits along the borders, the Jordan River is the only significant water source flowing into the Dead Sea. No outlet streams exist.
Clinical studies have shown that the high mineral concentration of its water and mud, zinc, and oxygen-rich air can treat a variety of ailments, including psoriasis and other skin conditions, asthma, rheumatism, high blood pressure, and more.
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Dead Sea Formation
The creation of the Dead Sea is the subject of conflicting theories. The Jordan River Valley was frequently inundated by water from the Mediterranean Sea about 3.7 million years ago. Waters created the Sedom Lagoon, which had a connection to the sea through what is now the Jezreel Valley. Around 2 million years ago, the topography between this lagoon and the Mediterranean Water rose to the point where the sea could no longer flood the area, resulting in the formation of a landlocked lake.
The valley floor rose and fell due to tectonic plate movements, and the lake gradually shrank due to progressive evaporation until all that was left, with its low elevation, was the Dead Sea some 70,000 years ago.
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Dead Sea UPSC
The Dead Sea is a distinct ecosystem that serves as a sensitive indicator of the global environment in a particular region. In the foreseeable future, agriculture upstream is expected to continue to outweigh the environmental needs of the Dead Sea because water is still a valuable resource in this arid area. Using artificial means, such as the Red-Dead Conveyance project, could offer different ways to protect this rare ecosystem.
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