List of Governor of India
The Governor is the constitutional head of a state and is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years. The Governor enjoys executive, legislative, and judicial powers. Executive powers include the appointment of the Chief Minister and other ministers, assent to bills passed by the state legislature, and the power to pardon or reduce sentences. Legislative powers include summoning and proroguing the state legislature and addressing the house. Judicial powers include the power to grant pardons, reprieves, and suspensions of sentences. The Constitution of India outlines the qualifications, appointments, and powers of the Governor.
The current List of Governors of Indian States and the list of Lieutenant Governors of Indian Union Territories are provided to you along with some other important details related to the post of Governor of India in this article below which is an important section of the UPSC Syllabus.
List of Governor of India 2023 State-wise
Here is the complete List of Governor of India 2023 State-wise given below:
|S. No||State||Name of Governor|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Shri Justice (Retd.) S. Abdul Nazeer|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Lt. General Kaiwalya Trivikram Parnaik|
|3||Assam||Shri Gulab Chand Kataria|
|4||Bihar||Shri Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Shri Biswa Bhushan Harichandan|
|6||Goa||Shri P S Sreedharan Pillai|
|7||Gujarat||Shri Acharya Devvrat|
|8||Haryana||Shri Bandaru Dattatraya|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Shri Shiv Pratap Shukla|
|10||Jharkhand||Shri C.P. Radhakrishnan|
|11||Karnataka||Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot|
|12||Kerala||Shri Arif Mohammed Khan|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||Shri Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel|
|14||Maharashtra||Shri Ramesh Bais|
|15||Manipur||Smt. Anusuiya Uikye|
|16||Meghalaya||Shri Phagu Chauhan|
|17||Mizoram||Dr. Kambhampati Haribabu|
|18||Nagaland||Shri La Ganesh|
|19||Odisha||Shri Ganeshi Lal|
|20||Punjab||Shri Banwarilal Purohit|
|21||Rajasthan||Shri Kalraj Mishra|
|22||Sikkim||Shri Laxman Prasad Acharya|
|23||Tamil Nadu||Shri R.N. Ravi|
|24||Telangana||Shri Tamilisai Soundararajan|
|25||Tripura||Shri Satyadeo Narain Arya|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||Smt. Anandiben Patel|
|27||Uttarakhand||Lt. Gen. Gurmit Singh|
|28||West Bengal||Dr. C.V. Ananda Bose|
List of Lieutenant Governors for UT
Here is the complete List of Lieutenant Governors & Administrators for Union Territories (UT) given below:
|S. No||Union Territory||Lt. Governor|
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Admiral (Retd.) D.K. Joshi|
|3||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Shri Praful Patel|
|4||Lakshadweep||Shri Praful Patel|
|5||Delhi||Shri Vinay Kumar Saxena|
|6||Puducherry||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan|
|7||Jammu and Kashmir||Shri Mnaoj Kumar Sinha|
|8||Ladakh||Shri B.D. Mishra|
First Women Governor of India
The first woman governor of India was Sarojini Naidu, who served as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh from 15 August 1947 to 2 March 1949. She was a renowned poet, writer and freedom fighter, and played an important role in India’s struggle for independence. Naidu was also the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress, and was actively involved in various social and cultural movements. As the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, she worked towards improving the education system and promoting women’s rights.
Governor of India Post Criticism
Experts have criticised the post of Governor in India on the following ground.
- Overstepping the Constitutional Limits: Critics argue that Governors have frequently overstepped their constitutional limits, by interfering in the functioning of state governments, bypassing the advice of the Council of Ministers, and acting as agents of the central government. This has often led to political instability and erosion of federal principles.
- Partisan Actions: Governors have also been accused of acting in a partisan manner, by favoring certain political parties or individuals, and disregarding the principles of neutrality and impartiality. This has been particularly evident in cases where Governors have recommended President’s Rule or disqualified MLAs on grounds that were seen as politically motivated.
- Delay in Appointments: Another criticism is that Governors have delayed or blocked appointments of judges, bureaucrats, and other officials, leading to a backlog of vacancies and adversely affecting the functioning of state institutions.
- Excessive Discretion: Some critics argue that Governors have been given excessive discretion under the Constitution, and this has led to arbitrary exercise of powers, lack of transparency, and abuse of authority. For instance, Governors have often granted pardons, commutations, and remissions of sentences, without providing sufficient reasons or following due process.
Reforms Needed for Governor of India Post
There have been several suggestions for reforms related to the post of Governor in India, including:
- Appointment Process: The appointment process of Governors needs to be more transparent and non-partisan, ensuring that only individuals with impeccable integrity are appointed.
- Role of Governor: The role of the Governor should be redefined to ensure that the post is not misused for political purposes. The Governor should not act as a representative of the Central Government, but rather as a neutral arbiter.
- Removal Process: The process for the removal of Governors needs to be clearly defined and non-partisan. It should not be possible for a ruling party to remove a Governor simply because they do not agree with them.
- Tenure: The tenure of Governors needs to be fixed to ensure that they are not removed arbitrarily. A fixed tenure would also ensure that Governors are not beholden to the ruling party.
- Powers: The powers of Governors need to be clearly defined, and they should not have powers that are in conflict with the elected government. Governors should act as a bridge between the state government and the central government, and not act as an obstacle to the functioning of the state government.