Sea of Azov
The sea of Azov is a body of water in Eastern Europe joined to the Black Sea by the short (approximately 4 km or 2.5 mi) Kerch Strait is occasionally seen as the Black Sea’s northern extension. The Sea of Azov is a shallow body of water that is shared by both Ukraine and Russia.
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Sea of Azov Map
A narrow body of water called the Sea of Azov is bordered by Russia and Ukraine and linked to the Black Sea via the Kerch Strait. It is a shallow body of water that has long been used for strategic purposes.
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Sea of Azov Geography
The Sea of Azov is a body of water. An inland shelf sea in Eastern Europe called is sometimes thought of as the Black Sea’s northern extension. Ukraine borders the sea on the northwest and southwest. Russia also borders the sea on the east.
In the north, west, and east, Russia and Ukraine are both about the sea. The two principal rivers that enter it are the Don and Kuban. The Volga-Don Canal, which connects the Caspian Sea to Central Asia, is a crucial access point for that region. The Don, Kuban, and other rivers send sand, silt, and shells to the sea, which in turn causes the formation of numerous bays, limans, and narrow spits.
These deposits have made the sea floor relatively level and smooth, with the depth gradually rising toward the centre. Due to the river input, the sea has low salinity and a lot of biomass, including green algae, which changes the colour of the water. Fish production is unusually high when plankton is abundant. Low-lying seashores and spits are abundant with wildlife and plant life.
Sea of Azov Depth
The depth of the Sea of Azov, which ranges from 0.9 to 14 metres, is the shallowest sea in the entire world (3 and 46 ft). Water from the Sea of Azov flows continuously into the Black Sea.
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Sea of Azov Climate
The basin of the Sea of Azov has a temperate, continental climate. There are regular fogs and periods of intense frost. The sea’s northern shores often have stationary ice from late December to early March. Along the coastlines, the sea currents rotate anticlockwise. According to the river influx, the sea’s mean water level might vary by up to 13 inches (33 cm) from year to year. Water level tidal oscillations can be up to 18 feet (5.5 m).
Because of its shallowness, excellent water mixing and warming, and the significant nutritional material intake from the rivers, the Sea of Azov supports a diverse marine life. More than 300 different types of invertebrates can be found in the water, along with over 80 different types of fish, such as sturgeon, perch, bream, herring, sea-roach, grey mullet, minnow, shemaja, and bullheads. Particularly plentiful fish include sardines and anchovies.
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Sea of Azov Ports
Although the Sea of Azov handles a lot of freight and passenger traffic, there are several areas where shallow water impedes the movement of large oceangoing vessels. In the winter, icebreakers help in navigation. Taganrog, Mariupol, Yeysk, and Berdyansk are the major ports.
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Sea of Azov Islands
The former island of Byriuchyi Island is a spit that has grown to include part of the Fedotova Spit in the northwesterly Azov Sea. Byriuchyi Island creates the Utljuk Lyman, which separates it from the sea from the north together with the small Fedotova Spit. The current Spit was formerly an island that was connected to the northern Fedotova Spit by a strait until 1929.
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Sea of Azov UPSC
The Sea of Azov is a shallow body of water that is shared by both Ukraine and Russia. The Kerch Strait, which connects it to the Black Sea, is its only route to open waters. In 2014, Russia annexed Crimea, establishing authority over the Kerch Strait on both sides.
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