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Bihar Cabinet Approves Proposal to Hike Caste Quotas to 75%
The Bihar Cabinet has approved a proposal to increase the reservation quota for Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), Other Backward Classes (OBCs), Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs), and Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) from the current 50% to 75%.
The proposal seeks to hike the reservation of OBCs and EBS to a combined 43% from 30%, 20% for SCs from 16%, and 2% for STs from 1%. The quota for EWS will remain at the existing 10%. The Caste Survey report revealed that OBCs (27.13%) and the extremely backward classes sub-group (36%) account for a whopping 63% of the state’s total of 13.07 crore, while SCs and STs together were slightly over 21%.
According to the report tabled in the assembly by Parliamentary Affairs Minister Vijay Kumar Chaudhary, the state is home to about 2.97 crore families out of which more than 94 lakh (34.13%) live on an income of Rs 6,000 or less a month. The decision is expected to give political mileage to Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar ahead of the general elections in 2024 and cement Mahagathbandhan’s (MGB) prospects in the 2025 state elections.
Bihar Caste Census Report 2023
In a significant revelation, the Bihar state government released the findings of a comprehensive Bihar Caste Census Report 2023 on October 2, 2023, shedding light on the state’s demographic composition. The Bihar Caste survey, which provides a deep insight into Bihar’s population distribution, highlights the prominent presence of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs), who together constitute over 63% of the state’s population. This revelation challenges the conventional perception of caste dynamics in Bihar, where the “forward” castes represent a much smaller percentage of the population.
Population Report based on Caste Census of Bihar 2023 Released
On October 2, 2023, the Bihar government unveiled the Population Report based on the Caste Census of Bihar, fulfilling a request from the Nitish Kumar Government. This comprehensive Bihar Caste Census 2023 dataset provides insights into the demographic composition of the state, revealing that Bihar’s population exceeds a staggering 13 Crore individuals.
Bihar Caste-based census Report was unveiled on October 2, 2023, the Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs) make up 36.01 per cent of Bihar’s vast population, which stands at 13.07 crore. When combined with the Other Backward Classes (OBCs), these two categories together constitute a significant 63% of Bihar’s total population. Check here all about the Caste System in India in detail.
Bihar Caste Wise Census Report 2023 Data
You can check out the Bihar Caste wise census report in percentage wise in below table:-
|Extremely Backward Classes|
|Chamar/ Mochi/ Ravidas/ Charmkar||5.25%|
|Dusadh/ Dhari/ Darahi||5.31%|
|The percentages given here are with respect to the total population of Bihar.|
Bihar Caste Census Report 2023 PDF
You can get the Bihar Caste census report pdf for the caste which is released by the Bihar government official. You can download the PDF for below table:-
Bihar Caste Census Report 2023 PDF
|Bihar Caste Census Report 2023||Download PDF|
Bihar Caste Census 2023 Caste-Based Data
- Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs): 36% of the population.
- Other Backward Classes (OBCs):13% of the population, with Yadavs being the largest sub-group at 14.27%.
- Dalits (Scheduled Castes):65% of the population.
- Scheduled Tribes (STs): Approximately 1.68% of the population.
- Unreserved (Upper Castes): 52% of the total population.
Bihar Caste Census 2023 Religion-Based Data
- Hindus: 99% of the total population.
- Muslims: 70% of the population.
- Christians, Sikhs, Jains, and Others: Together, they make up less than 1% of the population.
Bihar Caste Census Report 2023 Details
OBCs and EBCs
According to the survey, Bihar’s current population stands at a staggering 13,07,25,310, showcasing the immense diversity within the state. OBCs, accounting for 27% of the population, number 3,54,63,936, while EBCs, with a 36% share, constitute a significant chunk of 4,70,80,514 individuals. These figures underline the substantial presence and influence of these communities in Bihar’s social and political landscape.
In stark contrast, the so-called “forward” castes, often referred to as the “General” category, make up only 15.5% of the state’s population, as per the survey data. This revelation challenges the historical dominance of these castes in various spheres of life in Bihar and highlights the changing dynamics of caste-based politics and representation.
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
The survey data also shed light on the presence of Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in Bihar. SCs account for about 20% of the population, comprising approximately 2.6 crore individuals. In contrast, STs constitute just 1.6% of the population, with approximately 22 lakh people falling under this category. While these numbers may seem relatively smaller compared to OBCs and EBCs, they play a crucial role in the state’s social fabric and demand special attention for their upliftment and empowerment.
A Closer Look at Sub-Castes
The survey data, while not exhaustive, provides a glimpse into the percentage-wise breakup of some prominent sub-castes in Bihar. This information allows for a more nuanced understanding of the state’s caste dynamics. It is essential to recognize that Bihar is home to a myriad of sub-castes, each with its unique social and cultural identity, and this survey offers a starting point for exploring this diversity.
Bihar Caste Census Report 2023 Caste Composition
One of the most striking revelations from the survey is the percentage of the population belonging to Other Backward Classes (OBCs), which stands at 27%. This figure has long been associated with the quantum of reservation these castes receive in government jobs and educational institutions. However, the Mandal Commission, in its 1980 report, estimated the OBC population at a much higher 52%. This stark difference has fueled discussions around the efficacy of reservation policies and the need for more equitable representation.
Political Significance of Bihar Caste Census Report 2023
Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has strategically woven the caste survey into his political narrative since 2022. He is expected to leverage the survey data to champion the causes of “social justice” and “development with justice.” This move positions Nitish Kumar as a proponent of Mandal politics, drawing parallels to the Mandal report’s implementation in 1990 (Mandal 1.0) and his emphasis on developmental politics during his first full term as Chief Minister in 2005 (Mandal 2.0).
In the forthcoming political landscape, where issues like the Uniform Civil Code and the inauguration of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya are expected to play a significant role in the BJP’s Lok Sabha campaign, Nitish Kumar is likely to use the survey data to rally for a more inclusive and just society. This move is seen as Nitish’s Mandal 3.0 against the BJP’s Hindutva or ‘kamandal’ politics, according to a senior JD(U) leader.
Important Facts of Bihar Caste Census 2023 for UPSC
The Bihar Caste Census Report of 2023 has highlighted the significant presence of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs) in the state, challenging conventional caste dynamics. To move forward, Bihar must reassess reservation policies, prioritize equitable representation, empower marginalized groups, address sub-caste diversity, promote education and awareness, encourage political dialogue for social justice, ensure data transparency, focus on economic development, engage civil society, and maintain a long-term perspective. This data should serve as a catalyst for positive change, fostering a more inclusive and equitable society in Bihar.