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Political Parties Symbols in India, National Parties Names, Symbols, List

Political Parties Symbols in India

A voter must mark a symbol on their ballot in order to vote for the associated party. Parties utilise these symbols in their campaigning. One of their goals is to make voting easier for those who are illiterate and cannot read the names of the candidates on the ballot.

On Indian ballot papers, political parties are identified by their names and a visual emblem. The visual emblem makes it easier for the majority of voters who lack literacy to choose which party to support. The Indian Election Commission assigns the party logos. Other parties inside the nation are not permitted to use a symbol given to a party that has been designated as a national party. A symbol given to one state party may be given to another state party in another state.

Indus Valley Civilization

Political Party

A political system’s key element is the political party. A political party is a type of organization with leaders, adherents, policies, and programs. Its supporters may be formally affiliated with the party or they may provide it support without being formally affiliated. There are various groups. Parties can be distinguished based on their leaders, policies, and programs, as well as their beliefs and internal workings.

A political party’s primary characteristic that sets it apart from other organizations is that its main goal is to seize power. A pressure group, interest group, or non-party civil society organization often does not strive to gain power, in contrast to a political party. However, these groups occasionally run in elections. Political parties serve as crucial ties between the federal government, the state, and society. Political parties impact debates and policies on issues affecting the interests of diverse social groups in a political system by serving as the primary link between social process and policy-makers.

Party System

There are three types of party systems:

  • One-Party System
  • Two-Party System
  • Multi-Party System

One-Party System

There isn’t any competition under a one-party system. Here, there is only one party that nominates candidates, and there are only two options available to voters:

  • Not voting at all;
  • Indicate if you support the party’s nominees by writing “yes” or “no” next to their names.

Such a political structure has been prevalent in communist and autocratic nations like China, North Korea, and Cuba. This system was also common in the USSR before communism fell.

Two-Party System

The two main, dominating parties alternate holding the reins of power in a two-party system. Therefore, in order to win the election, the winner must receive the most votes. Please be aware, though, that a majority of votes does not necessarily equal the maximum number of votes.

As a result, the smaller parties frequently combine with the larger parties or withdraw from elections. In Canada and Great Britain, where two parties possess the most seats, this type of parliamentary system is in place.

Multi-Party System

The multi-party system is the third and most prevalent type of government. In such a system, there are three or more parties, each of which is capable of forming a coalition to form the government.

If no party wins a majority of the seats in the legislature, several parties band together to create a coalition government. India and other nations use a multi-party system. Some believe that a multi-party system frequently causes political instability in a nation.

High Court of India

Importance of Political Parties in Indian Polity

Without political parties, there cannot be a democracy. This is evident from the role that political parties play. Suppose there are no political parties, in which case:

There would be no independent candidates in this election. Any candidate cannot effectively promise the public a significant change in government policy. In such a case, nobody would be in charge of managing the nation.

Only a representative democracy can endure throughout time. Political parties are the organizations that collect various points of view and submit them to the government.

Martial Law

Features of Indian Party System

One Party Dominance System

The two party systems in Britain and the United States are not comparable to the party system in use in India.

Prior to independence, the Congress served as a broadly based nationalist organisation. Since then, it has evolved into the country’s main political force. Because of this, Indian political commentators like Morris Jones have referred to the Indian Party system as one of “one party dominance.” While Rajni Kothari went so far as to refer to the “Congress System” or the “One Party Dominance System”.

A Multi-Party System

Since the disintegration of the consensus based Congress system in 1967, the Indian Parties have fit the category of a multi-party system. India has as many as Seven National Parties and 48 State parties.

Lack of Strong Opposition

There is no effective, well-organized opposition party in India. A powerful opposition is necessary for parliamentary democracy to succeed. The opposition’s primary role is to draw attention to the government’s flaws and to pressure it to respond to the public’s views.

Personality Cult

The leadership position is valued in the Indian party system. A party begins to deteriorate after its charismatic leader leaves. Congress suffered as a result of the passing of Mrs. Indira Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. The Jan Sangh experienced irreparable loss as a result of Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookherjee’s passing. Similar to how Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia and C. Rajagopalachari saw the socialist forces and Swatantra Party, respectively, rapidly fall.

Lack of Ideological Commitment

Politics in India are becoming more issue-based than ideological. The National Front Government’s existence at the centre was a cartoonish example of issue-oriented politics that drew support from both the far-left CPI(M) and the far-right (BJP). Since 1971, issues that are of urgent importance to the people have won elections rather than the inherent strength of a political party’s philosophy.

Emergence of Regional Parties

In India, a number of national parties have seen a decline in strength while regional parties have increased in size and influence. As a result, the DMK and ADMK have established strongholds in Tamil Nadu, the Akali Dal rules the Punjab, the AGP controls Assam, the National Conference controls Jammu and Kashmir, and the Shiv Sena has become a significant player in Maharashtra politics.

Soon after the nation gained independence, a few regional parties including the DMK, Shiromani Akali Dal, and National Conference were formed. These parties express and work to defend an ethnic or religious-cultural identity that is specific to the region.

Factions within the Parties

All political parties have a history of division. The faction leaders in non-communist parties are frequently community, caste, or religious leaders who have cultivated patron-client relationships among members of various castes or communities.

Such factional leaders form political alliances with one another to keep their political rivals out of power as they compete among themselves for political dominance within the party and the government. The majority of these factional partnerships lack an ideological component and frequently change, keeping the parties in a state of flux..

Communalism and Casteism:

Communalism is a phenomenon that is not exclusive to India and other Asian nations; it is also present in many other countries, including Germany, Sweden, Denmark, and others. What is strange about India is that even those who identify as secular parties and individuals take an opportunistic stance toward communalism.

The Use of Extra-Constitutional Means to Power

Although it is commonly believed that the primary duties of political parties are to engage in electioneering and campaigning in an effort to obtain the most seats possible in public offices, few few parties are able to achieve decent results utilising solely these legal strategies.

Politics of Defection and Anti-Defection Act

Defection is the term used to describe an opportunistic change in political party affiliation. When a lawmaker runs for office on the platform of one party but afterwards moves to another without the consent of his supporters, this is known as defection.

The Anti-Defection Act of 1985 attempted to prevent defections so that elected officials would not be permitted to violate the confidence placed in them by the electorate at the time of their election.

Important Articles of Indian Constitution

Recognition of National Parties of India

The use of that party’s election emblem in elections across India is prohibited unless it is recognised as a national or state party. There needs to be just one proposer per recognised “State” and “National” party to submit a candidacy.

Two sets of electoral rolls are provided by the Election Commission free of charge to the recognised “state” and National Parties. Additionally, candidates running in the general elections on the platforms of national or state parties receive a complimentary copy of the electoral roll. For the purpose of establishing their party offices, the National parties obtain property or buildings from the government. National parties have a cap of 40 celebrity campaigners, whereas other parties have a cap of 20.

The election expenses of the party candidate do not include the costs associated with the travel and other expenses of prominent campaigners. National Parties are given a time slot on state and national television and radio to address the public and spread their message. On August 22, 2016, the Election Commission modified a rule so that it will now evaluate the national and state status of political parties every ten years rather than every five.

Regardless matter how well it performs in the following elections, a political party that has been recognised as a national or state party keeps that status. It only loses the granted status if it fails to meet any requirements for two successive Assembly sessions and two consecutive Lok Sabha sessions.

Panchayati Raj

List of Political Parties and their Symbols

Here is the List of Political Parties Symbols:

Symbol Flag Meaning Party
Indian lotus.
The lotus symbolizes the party’s link to Hinduism. It is also the national flower of India.
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Right hand with its palm side facing front.
The hand is symbolic of strength, energy and unity.
Indian National Congress (INC)
The grass and the twin flowers.
The simple flowers used in the symbol indicate that the AITC is in support of those sections of the society which feel insignificant and are oppressed.
All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)
The elephant represents the strength of the Bahujan community (OBC, SC, ST & religious/linguistic/ethnic minorities).
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
Ears of corn and sickle.
It depicts that the CPI is a party of the peasants, of farmers, or labourers, who work in the fields and earn a living and also depicts the conditions of the working class.
Communist Party of India (CPI)
Hammer, sickle and a star.
The symbol of the hammer and sickle represents proletarian solidarity of agricultural and industrial labourers, and is also replicated in logos and flags by other communist parties worldwide.
Communist Party of India (CPI-M)
Analog clock that reads 10:10.
It denotes that the party will keep fighting for its principles regardless of time, no matter how difficult the situation.
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
It denotes that only literacy and education can empower the weaker sections of society.
National People’s Party (NPP)

List of Chief Justice of India

Role of Regional Political Parties

At the regional level, they offer improved governance and a stable government. They provide a threat to the nation’s one-party dominating system and have reduced the power of the one party.

Regional Parties have a significant influence on the character and development of center-state relations. The central leadership is more receptive to the needs of the regional players as a result of the areas of stress in center-state relations and the demand for greater autonomy.

Regional Parties increase political competition and widespread citizen participation at the grassroots level. In both the parliamentary and assembly elections, they give voters more options. The party that seeks to advance the interests of the state or region may receive the support of the electorate.

Regional Parties raise peoples’ interest in politics as well as their political awareness. They highlight regional or local problems, which grab the public’s attention right away. They offer protection from the central government’s totalitarian tendencies. They challenge the dominant party’s position on some topics and pressure it to adopt a more acceptable strategy for resolving disputes.

They significantly aid in the parliamentary democracy’s efficient operation. The regional parties have successfully served this function by serving as the ruling parties in certain states and the opposition parties in others, as is required in a parliamentary democracy where the minority must have its say and the majority must get its way.

Preamble of Indian Constitution

Political Parties Symbols: 54 Recognized State Parties List

State Parties List
Aam Aadmi Party Centre to
Economic nationalism
2012 Arvind Kejriwal Delhi
Janata Dal (Secular) Centre-left Social democracy
1999 H. D. Deve Gowda Arunachal Pradesh
Janata Dal (United) Centre-left Socialism
Integral humanism
2003 Nitish Kumar Arunachal Pradesh
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Centre to
Social democracy
1972 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
(General Secretary)
Tamil Nadu
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Centre-left Social democracy
Social justice
1949 M. K. Stalin
Tamil Nadu
Naga People’s Front Regionalism 2002 T. R. Zeliang Manipur
Rashtriya Janata Dal Centre-left Socialism 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
Tejashwi Yadav
Revolutionary Socialist Party Far-left Communism
Revolutionary socialism
1940 Manoj Bhattacharya[18] Kerala
West Bengal
Telugu Desam Party Centre[19] Populism
Economic liberalism
1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu Andhra Pradesh
Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Populism


2011 Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Bharat Rashtra Samithi Centre[23] Regionalism
2001 K. Chandrashekar Rao Telangana
All India Forward Bloc Left-wing Left-wing nationalism
1939 Debabrata Biswas West Bengal
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Right-wing[28] Composite Nationalism
Minority Rights
Dalits Rights
1958 Asaduddin Owaisi Telangana
All India N.R. Congress Centre Social democracy
2011 N. Rangaswamy Puducherry
All India United Democratic Front 2005 Badruddin Ajmal Assam
All Jharkhand Students Union 1986 Sudesh Mahto Jharkhand
Asom Gana Parishad Centre-right Regionalism
Anti-Bengali sentiment
1985 Atul Bora Assam
Biju Janata Dal Centre to
1997 Naveen Patnaik Odisha
Bodoland People’s Front Secularism
Democratic socialism
2005 Hagrama Mohilary Assam
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation Far-left Communism
1974 Dipankar Bhattacharya Bihar
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Centre to
Social welfare
Social democracy
2005 Vijayakanth Tamil Nadu
Goa Forward Party Regionalism 2016 Vijai Sardesai Goa
Hill State People’s Democratic Party 1968 Meghalaya
Indian National Lok Dal Centre Social liberalism
1996 Om Prakash Chautala Haryana
Indian Union Muslim League Muslim interests
Social conservatism
1948 Hyderali Shihab Thangal Kerala
Indigenous People’s Front of Tripura Centre-right Regionalism
Ethnic nationalism
2009 Mevar Kumar Jamatia Tripura
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Kashmiriyat
Kashmiri autonomy
1932 Farooq Abdullah Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party Democracy
Women’s rights
1982 Bhim Singh Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Kashmiriyat
Kashmiri autonomy
1999 Mehbooba Mufti Jammu and Kashmir
Janta Congress Chhattisgarh Left-wing Social justice
Direct democracy
2016 Renu Jogi Chhattisgarh
Jannayak Janta Party Democratic socialism 2018 Dushyant Chautala Haryana
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 1972 Sibhu Soren
Himant Soren
Kerala Congress (M) Welfare
Democratic socialism
1979 Jose K. Mani Kerala
Lok Janshakti Party 2000 Chirag Paswan Bihar
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena Far-right Hindutva
Right-wing populism
Marathi interests
2006 Raj Thackeray Maharashtra
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Centre Populism
1963 Deepak Dhavalikar Goa
Mizo National Front 1961 Zoramthanga Mizoram
Mizoram People’s Conference 1975 Lalhmangaiha Sailo Mizoram
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Regionalism 2017 Neiphiu Rio Nagaland
Pattali Makkal Katchi Centre Populism 1989 S. Ramadoss Pudduchery
People’s Democratic Alliance 2012 B.D. Behring Manipur Crown
People’s Democratic Front 2017 Ivanlum Marbaniang Meghalaya
People’s Party of Arunachal Regionalism 1977 Kamen Ringu Arunachal Pradesh
Rashtriya Lok Dal 1996 Jayant Chaudhary Uttar Pradesh
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party 2020 Hanuman Beniwal Rajasthan
Samajwadi Party Centre-left[49]
to left[50][51]
Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Left-wing populism
Social conservatism
1992 Akhilesh Yadav Uttar Pradesh
Shiromani Akali Dal Centre-right Punjabiyat
1920 Sukhbir Singh Badal Punjab
Shiv Sena Right-wing
to far-right
Right-wing populism
1966 Uddhav Thackeray Maharashtra
Sikkim Democratic Front Centre-left
to left-wing
Democratic socialism 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha Democratic socialism 2013 Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim
United Democratic Party Regionalism
1997 Metbah Lyngdoh Meghalaya
United People’s Party Liberal Centre Regionalism 2015 Urkhao Gwra Brahma Assam Tractor
Zoram Nationalist Party 1997 Lalduhawma Mizoram

National Emergency in India

Major Incidents in Indian History

  1. Quit India Movement
  2. Chauri Chaura Incident
  3. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  4. Green Revolution in India
  5. Non-Cooperation Movement

Famous Personalities Biography

Mangal Pandey
Maharana Pratap
Rabindranath Tagore
Bhagat Singh
Jyotiba Phule
Satyendra Nath Bose
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Subhash Chandra Bose


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Political Parties Symbols FAQs

How many political parties are?

As per latest publication dated 23 September 2021 from Election Commission of India, the total number of parties registered was 2858, with 8 national parties, 54 state parties and 2796 unrecognized parties.

What are the 4 types of political parties?

Political scientists have distinguished between different types of political parties that have evolved throughout history. These include cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties.

What are the 3 parties of government?

Democratic Party, Republican Party and Independents parties are the three parties.

Why are political parties important?

Parties influence public opinion through assisting various pressure groups and movements. Parties assist citizens in gaining access to government resources and utilizing the advantages of social programs.

Why do political parties need symbols?

On Indian ballot papers, political parties are identified by their names and a visual emblem. The visual emblem makes it easier for the majority of voters who lack literacy to choose which party to support. The Indian Election Commission assigns the party symbols.

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