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Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Biography, Jayanti, Achievements

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

The patriotism of Indian Nationalist Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has left a lasting impression on many Indians On January 23, 1897, he was born in Cuttack, Orissa. He is well-known for founding the organization “Azad Hind Fauj,” and his slogan is “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Azadi Dunga.” The burn injuries he sustained in a plane crash caused Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose to pass away on August 18, 1945, at a hospital in Taiwan.

The most well-known liberation Indian freedom fighters, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose possessed exceptional leadership qualities and was a charismatic orator. His slogans include “Delhi Chalo,” “tum mujhe khoon do,” and “main tumhe azadi dunga.” He established Azad Hind Fauj and made numerous contributions to the fight for India’s independence. He is renowned for his socialist policies as well as for the forceful tactics he utilized to win independence.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti

Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti is celebrated on 23rd January every year as a mark of remembrance for his contribution to nation-building. He was born on this day in Cuttack, Odisha. Officially this day is called ‘Parakram Diwas‘ to celebrate and imbibe the quality of courage and valour that Subhash Chandra Bose demonstrated throughout his life. It was on this that last year that a towering statue of Netaji was unveiled by the Prime Minister of India at Kartavya Path. Children in schools, teachers, government officials, and politicians cutting across the party lines pay homage to Netaji on this day.

Key Information Details
Full Name Subhas Chandra Bose
Birth Date January 23, 1897
Place of Birth Cuttack, Orissa, British India (now in Odisha, India)
Death Date Presumed dead on August 18, 1945 (aged 48)
Place of Death Presumed to be Taihoku, Taiwan (during Japanese occupation)
Nationality Indian
Education Cambridge University, England
Political Affiliation Indian National Congress (1920–1939), Forward Bloc (1939–1947)
Role in Indian Nationalist Movement Leader, Freedom Fighter, Organizer
Azad Hind Fauj Founder and Leader of the Indian National Army (INA)
Military Leadership Commander-in-Chief of the Azad Hind Fauj
Ideology Strong advocate for complete independence for India
Role in World War II Aligned with Axis powers, sought their assistance in India’s liberation
Great Escape Escaped house arrest in Calcutta, traveled through Afghanistan and reached Germany
Collaboration with Axis Powers Sought support from Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan
Formation of Azad Hind Government Established the Provisional Government of Free India in Singapore (1943)
Mysterious Disappearance Presumed to have died in a plane crash in 1945, though theories about his survival persist
Legacy Revered as a national hero; his contributions to India’s independence are celebrated annually on Parakram Diwas
Quotes “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom.”
Honours and Awards Awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1992
Memorials Numerous statues, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (Kolkata), Netaji Bhawan in Kolkata

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Death

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose died on August 18, 1945, in a plane crash the INA forces were being captured or surrendered and he was en route to Tokyo through Taiwan. On August 18, 1945, Subhash Chandra Bose reportedly perished in an aeroplane collision over Taipeh, Taiwan (Formosa). There isn’t a lot of information available, despite the widespread belief that he survived the plane disaster.

Subhash Chandra Bose Early Life and Family

The son of Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose, Subhash Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, Orissa, on January 23, 1897. His father had the title of “Rai Bahadur” and was a well-known lawyer in Cuttack. Like his siblings, he attended the Protestant European School in Cuttack, which is now Stewart High School. He completed his undergraduate studies at Presidency College.

After reading their writings at the age of 16, Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna’s teachings had an impact on him. Then, to prepare for the Indian Civil Service, his parents sent him to the University of Cambridge in England. In 1920 he passed the civil service examination, but in April 1921, after hearing of the nationalist turmoil in India, he resigned his candidacy and hurried back to India.

Subhash Chandra Bose Ideology

Bhagavad Gita had an impact on him, and he saw it as a source of inspiration for the fight against the British. From a young age, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was highly affected by the Universalist and nationalistic ideas of Swami Vivekanand.

He was drawn to the ideas of socialism and communism when he was a member of the Congress party. However, he thought it would succeed in India if National Socialism and Communism were to be combined. He favoured gender equality, secularism, and other liberal ideologies, but he didn’t think democracy was ideal for India.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography Video

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Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose History

The following are the Important event which describes Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s Contribution to the Indian Freedom fighter.

Subhash Chandra Bose And Indian National Congress

He joined the Non Cooperation Movement, which Mahatma Gandhi founded and turned into a potent non-violent movement. Mahatma Gandhi recommended he collaborate with Chittaranjan Das, who later served as his political mentor, during the agitation. Following that, he worked as a youth educator and volunteer commander for the Bengal Congress. He founded the “Swaraj” newspaper. After being released from prison in 1927, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose joined the Congress party as general secretary and fought for independence with Jawaharlal Nehru.

Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose

At the time of the Civil Disobedience Movement Bose was in detention for linking with a Bengal revolutionary group. He became the Mayor of Calcutta while in prison. Thereafter he was released and detained several times on suspected links to revolutionary groups. Finally, he was released on grounds of poor health and allowed by the government to go to Europe. He returned from Europe in 1936 and remained in detention for about a year.

After being elected president of the Indian National Congress in 1938, he established a national planning committee and developed a wide industrialization agenda. However, Gandhian economic theory, which stuck to the idea of cottage industries and profiting from the utilization of the nation’s resources, did not agree with this. When Subhash Chandra Bose won his reelection bid in 1939 over a Gandhian opponent, it served as vindication for him. Nevertheless, the “rebel president” felt compelled to step down because Gandhi didn’t back him.

Subhash Chandra Bose Escape from India

Subhash Chandra Bose evaded house arrest in 1941 and left India wearing a disguise. Adolf Hitler even met with him, and he began to receive backing from Nazi Germany. He established the Free India Center in Berlin and recruited Indian POWs who had previously fought for the British in North Africa before being captured by Axis troops to form the Indian Legion, which now numbers about 4500 soldiers.

The Indian soldiers of the Indian Legion and representatives of the Special Bureau for India in Berlin placed the title of Netaji on Bose in Germany in 1942. Nazi Germany was slipping backwards in the west in the years 1942–1943 when World War II was in full flow. Japanese forces were rapidly approaching in the east. The Bengal Famine and the Quit India campaign were both raging in India. Subhash Chandra Bose left for Japan in 1943 after experiencing failure in Germany.

Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA)

The establishment and efforts of the Azad Hind Fauj commonly referred to as the Indian National Army, or INA, during the Second World War were a significant development in the liberation struggle. With the help of Indians living in Southeast Asian nations, Rash Behari Bose, an Indian revolutionary who had fled his country and spent many years living in Japan, founded the Indian Independence League.

Subhas Chandra Bose

  • General Mohan Singh’s Contribution:
    • General Mohan Singh, a former British Indian army officer, significantly aided in organizing the INA.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose’s Leadership:
    • Bose, in exile in Germany, arrived in Singapore in 1943 to lead the INA.
    • Azad Hind Fauj comprised 45,000 soldiers, including Indian prisoners of war and settlers in Southeast Asia.
  • Provisional Administration Announcement:
    • On October 21, 1943, Bose declared the provisional administration of independent India in Singapore.
  • Offensive in Northeastern India:
    • INA launched an offensive in early 1944, attempting to drive the British out of northeastern India.
    • Despite their fervent efforts, the attempt to liberate India was unsuccessful.
  • Collaboration with Japan:
    • While the Indian nationalist movement viewed Japan cautiously, Netaji saw a potential ally in overthrowing British control.
    • Azad Hind Fauj and an uprising within India were seen as crucial for India’s freedom.
  • Contribution of Indian Women:
    • Azad Hind Fauj organized a women’s unit, Rani Jhansi, led by Captain Lakshmi Swaminathan.
    • Women played a significant role in the fight for India’s independence.
  • End of World War II:
    • Fascist Germany and Italy were defeated in 1945, concluding World War II.
    • The U.S. used atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, leading to Japan’s surrender.
    • Despite ending the war, atomic weapons caused new global tensions and a race for more destructive arms.

Subhash Chandra Bose: Important Events for UPSC

Here you can check all the important events in the life of Subhash Chandra Bose in the table below:

Subhash Chandra Bose: Important Events for UPSC
Year Description
1919 Compete for Indian Civil Services
1923 Subhash Chandra Bose was elected as the President of the All India Youth Congress.
1924 He served as the CEO of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation when Das was the mayor of Calcutta.
1930 During the Civil Disobedience Movement, Subhash Chandra Bose was imprisoned. Later on, he was elected Mayor of Calcutta.
1938 During his tenure as Congress President, he was chosen President of the Haripura Congress Session (Gujarat).
1941 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose disguising himself, left India after escaping house arrest.
1945 Subhash Bose was flying from Taiwan to Tokyo when his jet crashed, during the capture or capitulation of the INA soldiers.

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Subhash Chandra Bose Biography FAQs

Why Subhash Chandra Bose is famous?

Subhash Chandra Bose, commonly known as Netaji, is renowned for his contribution to the campaign for Indian independence. He was a leader of the Indian National Congress and a member of the noncooperation movement. He belonged to the more militant wing and was well-known for his support of socialist principles.

How did Subhash Chandra Bose died?

Official versions have maintained that Netaji died in an aircraft crash on August 18, 1945, despite the continued doubts of some of his supporters and researchers.

Who called Netaji first time?

Early in 1942, German and Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin and Indian soldiers of the Indische Legion addressed Bose as Netaji for the first time.

Who inspired Subhash Chandra Bose?

Subhash Chandra Bose was recognized for his ardent patriotism as a student and was greatly affected by Swami Vivekananda's teachings. In 1919, he traveled to England to apply for the Indian Civil Services in order to fulfill his parents' desires.

What is the famous slogan of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose?

Indian revolutionary Subhash Chandra Bose advocated for using force to overthrow the British. In 1943, he enlisted in the Indian National Army. "Tum mujhe khoon do mai tumhe azadi doonga" was one of his most well-known statements (Give me blood, I shall give you freedom) and Jai Hind' & 'Delhi Chalo'.

What did Subhash Chandra Bose do to India?

He organised the first Indian National Army (INA), Azad Hind Fauj, in 1943, launched an armed uprising, and motivated thousands of Indian youths to participate in the fight for freedom from British colonial control.

Who organized the first Indian National Army(INA)?

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Organized the first Indian National Army(INA).


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