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The Preamble of Indian Constitution Meaning, Objectives, Significance

Preamble of Indian Constitution Meaning

The Constitution of India’s “Preamble” is a succinct introductory statement that outlines the document’s overarching goals and guiding principles. It also identifies the source of the document’s authority, i.e., the people. The Indian Constituent Assembly approved it on November 26, 1949, and it went into effect on January 26, 1950.

The Preamble of Indian Constitution is a succinct introduction that outlines the fundamental goals, tenets, and guiding principles of the document. The preamble provides information about the following:

  1. The constitution’s genesis
  2. The character of the Indian state.
  3. A description of its goals
  4. The date it was adopted

High Court of India

Preamble of Indian Constitution History

Jawaharlal Nehru’s Objectives Resolution, which the Constituent Assembly ratified on January 22, 1947, established the principles that serve as the foundation of India’s Constitution.

The Preamble outlines the Constitution’s goals even though it is not legally binding and can be used to help understand the Articles where there is a linguistic ambiguity.

Martial Law

Preamble of Indian Constitution Components

The Indian people are the Constitution’s ultimate source of authority, as stated in the Preamble. In the preamble, India is described as a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic.

The Preamble seeks to provide justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity for all citizens in order to safeguard the nation’s integrity and togetherness. As stated in the preamble, it was adopted on November 26, 1949.

Important Articles of Indian Constitution

Preamble of Indian Constitution Keywords

  • We, the people of India: It represents the whole sovereignty of the Indian people. The term “sovereignty” refers to a state’s independent power, which is unaffected by the actions of any other state or outside force.
  • Sovereign:The phrase indicates that India is an independent country with its own government and is not under the control of any other external entity. The country’s legislature has the authority to enact laws, but only within specific bounds.
  • Socialist:The phrase refers to socialist goals being achieved using democratic means. It adheres to the idea of a mixed economy in which the public and private sectors coexist side by side. The 42nd Amendment of 1976 adds it to the Preamble.
  • Secular: The phrase indicates that the government in India accords equal respect, safety, and support to all major religions. The Preamble of the Constitution was amended by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment in 1976.
  • Democratic:The phrase emphasizes that the Indian Constitution has an established form that is based on the desire of the people as expressed through elections.
  • Republic: The phrase implies that the people elect the state’s head of state. The President of India is the country’s elected head of state.

Panchayati Raj

Preamble of Indian Constitution Status

The Supreme Court has debated the preamble’s inclusion in the Constitution on numerous occasions. Reading the following two cases will help you understand it.

Berubari Case

It was used as a reference under Article 143(1) of the Constitution, which dealt with the Berubari Union’s implementation under the Indo-Pakistan Agreement, and in exchanging the enclaves that the panel of eight judges agreed to take into consideration.

The Preamble is the key to unlock the minds of the framers, the Court said in the Berubari case, but it cannot be regarded as a part of the Constitution. So it cannot be enforced in a court of law.

Kesavananda Bharati Case

In this instance, a bench of 13 judges was gathered for the first time to hear a writ petition. The Court determined that:

  • The Constitution’s Preamble will now be regarded as a component of the document.
  • Though not the ultimate authority or the source of any restriction or ban, the Preamble is significant in how laws and Constitutional provisions are interpreted.
  • Therefore, it can be said that the Constitution’s preamble is a part of its introduction.

The Supreme Court has once again ruled that while the Preamble is an essential component of the Constitution, it is not immediately enforceable in an Indian court of justice. This ruling was made in the 1995 case of Union Government vs. LIC of India.

List of Prime Minister of India

Preamble of Indian Constitution Amendment

After the Kesavanand Bharati case verdict, it was acknowledged that the preamble is a component of the Constitution and enacted the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976. Preamble can be changed because it is a part of the Constitution under Article 368, but its fundamental format cannot be changed. Currently, the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 is the only amendment to the preamble.

Through the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976, the words “Socialist,” “Secular,” and “Integrity” were added to the preamble. Between “Sovereign” and “Democratic,” the terms “Socialist” and “Secular” were added. “Unity and Integrity of the Nation” was substituted for “Unity of the Nation.”

List of President of India

Preamble of Indian Constitution Objectives

Jawaharlal Nehru proposed the Objective Resolution in 1946, which outlined the constitutional framework. It was adopted on January 22, 1947. It influenced the Indian Constitution, and the Preamble of the Indian Constitution reflects its modified version. The fundamental principles that the objective resolution highlighted were:

  • The Constituent Assembly’s determination to recognize India as an independent, sovereign, and republic;
  • The creation of an Indian Constitution; and
  • The goal of transforming all pre-independence Indian provinces into post-independence Indian states.
  • To realize union with the power that will be distinct from those granted to such states;
  • To realize residual powers, autonomy on such states as the Constitution of India reflects;
  • For the Indian people to act as the source of power and authority of the sovereignty, and the independence
  • To uphold justice, social, economic, and political equality of opportunity, as well as the freedoms of expression, association, association with others for a common purpose, and action, subject to the law and public morality before the law.
  • To offer minorities, tribal and underdeveloped regions, as well as other downtrodden and backward sections, proper protections.
  • To uphold the territorial integrity of the Indian Republic and its sovereign rights over land, sea, and air in accordance with international law and justice
  • To advance international harmony and prosperity.

List of Vice Presidents of India

Preamble of Indian Constitution Facts for UPSC

  • The Indian Constitution, which is currently in effect, has just one preamble, 22 parts, 12 schedules, and 448 articles.
  • The Objective Resolution, which Jawaharlal Nehru prepared in 1946, is referenced in the preamble of the Indian Constitution.
  • The Supreme Court of India deemed the Preamble to be unconstitutional in the Berubari Case (1960).
  • The Kesavananda Bharti Case further stressed that it is a component of the Indian Constitution.

List of Chief Ministers of India

Preamble of Indian Constitution: FAQs

Q What are 5 parts of Preamble?

Ans. The following are the five major ideals enshrined in the Preamble to the Constitution of India:

  • Liberty
  • Justice
  • Sovereign
  • Secular
  • Democratic

Q Who wrote preamble of India?

Ans. The “Objectives Resolution,” which Pandit Nehru wrote and moved for the Constituent Assembly to adopt, serves as the foundation for the Preamble of the Indian Constitution. Nehru moved it on December 13, 1946, and the Constituent Assembly approved it on January 22, 1947.

Q Why is preamble important?

Ans. It outlines aspirations that the Constitution aspires to. It provides the Constitution with direction and meaning. It also enshrines the broad objectives and socioeconomic targets that must be attained through constitutional processes.

Q What is Preamble Explain?

Ans. A prologue is a statement that introduces a document and discusses its goals and philosophy. A Constitution outlines the goals of its creators, the background to their work, and the fundamental ideals and values of the country. Jawaharlal Nehru’s Objectives Resolution, which the Constituent Assembly approved on January 22, 1947, set forth the principles that are reflected in the Preamble to India’s Constitution. Although not legally binding, the Preamble outlines the goals of the Constitution and serves as a guide for interpreting unclear wording in the Articles.

Q What is the features of preamble?

Ans. The Preamble’s characteristics include stating the authority from which the Constitution draws its authority, reaffirming the nation’s commitment to securing justice, liberty, and equality, outlining the Constitution’s goals, and mentioning the area that the Constitution shall apply to.

Major Incidents in Indian History

  1. Quit India Movement
  2. Chauri Chaura Incident
  3. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  4. Green Revolution in India
  5. Non-Cooperation Movement

Famous Personalities Biography

Mangal Pandey
Maharana Pratap
Rabindranath Tagore
Bhagat Singh
Jyotiba Phule
Satyendra Nath Bose
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Subhash Chandra Bose

 

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