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Wind Energy in India, Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages

Wind Energy

Wind can be found almost anywhere on the planet, although the wind strength varies greatly. The overall resource is enormous. It has been discovered that wind-generated electricity may be easily integrated into regional or national grid systems. There could be a point where wind energy accounts for roughly 20% of total electricity usage. Today, there are mainly two types of wind energy:

  • Onshore wind farms are substantial on-land installations of wind turbines.
  • Offshore wind farms are structures situated on the water.

Read More: Biomass Energy

Wind Energy in India

Asia accounted for around 50% of the wind power generation capacity. Wind Energy projects in India total 13.4 GW at this time, and they are anticipated to drive market installations through 2024. India is anticipated to add 3.2 GW in 2022, 4.1 GW in 2023, 4.6 GW in 2024, and then 4 GW and 3.5 GW during the following two years.

Since 2017, the pace of wind sector installations in India has slowed. Only 1.45 GW of wind projects were installed in 2021, largely as a result of the second wave of Covid-19 and supply chain issues. Despite a significant decline in the nation’s annual market, China led the new installations. Europe and North America account for the rest of the 50%.

Read about: Hydropower Plants in India

Wind Energy Potential

India has a wind energy potential of roughly 60 GW. Since older wind power plants with relatively low capacity could eventually be replaced with newer ones that have a bigger capacity, it is quite plausible that they would rise dramatically. The waters are a different uncharted territory. Exploration in this region is still in its infancy worldwide.

Wind Energy

India has a problem because cyclones routinely damage the country’s eastern shore. It may be able to investigate wind energy on the western side. India has a 7,516.6-kilometer-long coastline and ample opportunities to harness wind energy in all of its exclusive economic zones. According to the National Institute for Wind Energy, the western states have a greater potential for a consistent, steady, and swift wind flow, extending from Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Karnataka to Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh (located in Chennai). The state of Tamil Nadu produced 9,075MW of wind energy in 2019.

Read about: Major Ports in India

Wind Energy Advantages

  • An economical choice is wind energy. Because wind energy’s power is supplied at a fixed price over an extended period of time and its fuel is free, it reduces the price unpredictability that fuel expenses contribute to traditional sources of energy.
  • The industry that produces wind power generates jobs. The wind sector is employing more people, and one of the professions with the highest growth is wind turbine technician. The wind helps with competitiveness and industry expansion.
  • Power plants that burn fossil fuels, like coal or natural gas, generate particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, and sulphur dioxide, which have a negative impact on human health and cause the economy to suffer. Wind energy does not contribute to this air pollution in the same way.
  • Acid rain, smog, or greenhouse gases are not caused by any pollutants that are released into the environment by wind turbines.
  • There is an abundant and unrestricted supply of wind. In and of itself, the wind is a form of solar energy. The Earth’s rotation, the sun’s heating of the atmosphere, and the irregularities on its surface all contribute to the development of winds. As long as the sun is shining and the wind is blowing, energy generated by the sun and wind can be used to transmit electricity across the grid.
  • Wind turbines may be erected on current farms or ranches.

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Wind Energy Disadvantages

Since Gujarat and Tamil Nadu have the most resource potential and most affordable land, these substations saw a concentration of wind farms. This led to bottlenecks, hindered project progress, and raised the price above solar power. The market for wind installation in India has a history of being unreliable. Since 2017–2018, there has been significant momentum developed in the pipeline, however excessive delays in project execution have called into question the assumptions of developers. The total amount of power distribution companies (DISCOM) dues has increased as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and supply chain restrictions. In December 2021, there were 19,400 crores in unpaid RE generators, up 73% from the 11,200 crores in December 2020.

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Wind Energy Way Forward

  • Governments must address problems including grid connection difficulties and planning roadblocks.
  • The process for granting licences, including land allocation and grid connection projects, needs to be streamlined for policymakers to sustain and boost growth in the capacity of wind-based production.
  • An early policy focus should be workforce planning for large-scale renewable energy installations, and grid investment must triple from current levels through 2030.
  • Additionally, more public-private cooperation is required to address “the emerging geopolitics of the wind supply chain”.
  • In order to combat the escalating competition for commodities and essential minerals, a stronger international regulatory framework is required.

Read about: Nuclear Power Plants in India

Wind Energy UPSC

India is making constant progress towards meeting its climate change obligations under the Paris Agreement (COP 21). India promised to take “a cleaner path than the one adopted by countries at a comparable level of economic development” during the climate summit. Wind energy is a form of renewable energy that harnesses the power of the wind to generate electricity. It is considered to be one of the most promising sources of clean energy, and its use is growing rapidly around the world.

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Other Indian Geography Topics

Seasons of India Mountains of India
Mangrove Forests in India Important Mountain Passes in India
Monsoon in India
Indus River System
Climate of India
Rivers of India
Tributaries of Ganga
National Parks in India
Important Dams in India
Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Tiger Reserves in India
Northern Plains of India
Physiography of India
Important Lakes of India
Wetlands in India
Biodiversity in India
Natural Vegetation in India Earthquakes in India
Types of Soil in India
Ramsar Sites in India
Brahmaputra River System
Hydropower Plants in India
Nuclear Power Plants in India
Major Ports in India
Biosphere Reserves in India
Waterfalls in India

Other Fundamental Geography Topics

Solar System Types of Clouds
Structure of the Atmosphere Himalayan Ranges
Component of Environment
El Nino and La Nina
Coral Reef
Continental Drift Theory
Endogenic and Exogenic Forces
Indian Ocean Region
Pacific Ocean
Indian Ocean Dipole
Air Pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment
Tropical Cyclone
Western Disturbances
Types of Rocks

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What is wind energy?

Wind power or wind energy is the process of harnessing wind energy to generate mechanical or electrical energy. The kinetic energy of the wind is transformed into mechanical power by wind turbines.

What is wind energy and how is it produced?

The power produced by the wind is referred to as wind energy. Employing a wind turbine, which converts air currents' kinetic energy into electrical energy.

What is wind energy uses?

By turning the kinetic energy of moving air into the electrical, wind is used to generate power. Modern wind turbines are propelled by the wind, which causes the rotor blades to transform kinetic energy into rotational energy.

Where is wind energy used?

Locations that are attractive include water, wide plains, wind-driven mountain gaps, and the tops of smooth, rounded hills. Higher altitudes provide wind that is more suitable for human use.

What is the main cause of wind?

The uneven heating of the Earth by the sun and the rotation of the Earth result in the wind, which is the movement of air. Light breezes to natural disasters like hurricanes and tornadoes are all types of winds.


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