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List of Military Exercises of India 2024, Participating Counties

The Indian military engages in numerous exercises annually to bolster its strategic capabilities and foster international cooperation. These exercises are crucial for enhancing combat readiness, facilitating knowledge exchange, and building strong defense ties with various nations. This article covers key Indian Army Exercises of 2024, highlighting their role in fostering international military cooperation and enhancing operational efficiency.

Military Exercises of India 2024

Indian army forces are represented by various units/battalions in such joint military exercises which are decided based on the nature and requirement of specific exercises. The amount spent varies depending on the extent of our involvement and the resources used in such exercises. Indian army forces participate in domestic exercises, bilateral exercises and multilateral exercises.

Exercise Name Participants Country Place where exercise held Duration of exercise
Desert Cyclone India – UAE Rajasthan, India 2nd Jan – 15th Jan 2024
Ex Cyclone-I India – Egypt Anshas, Egypt 22nd Jan – 1st Feb 2024
Ex Khanjar India – Kyrgyzstan Himachal Pradesh, India 22nd Jan – 3rd Feb 2024
‘SADA TANSEEQ’ India – Saudi Arabia Rajasthan, India 29th Jan – 10th Feb 2024
Dharma Guardian India – Japan Rajasthan, India 25th Feb – 9th Mar 2024
Samudra Laksmana India – Malaysia Visakhapatnam, India 28th Feb – 2nd Mar 2024
Tiger Triumph India – USA Kakinada, India 18th Mar – 31st Mar 2024
Ex LAMITIYE – 2024 India – Seychelles Seychelles 18th Mar – 27th Mar 2024
Ex DUSTLIK – 2024 India – Uzbekistan Termez, Uzbekistan 15th Apr – 28th Apr 2024
Exercise Cyber Suraksha India 20th May – 24th May 2024
Military Exercise SHAKTI India – France Umroi, Meghalaya, India 13th May – 26th May 2024

Exercise Cyber Suraksha – 2024

The comprehensive cyber defence exercise is being conducted by Defence Cyber Agency from 20 – 24 May 2024. It aims to further develop Cyber cybersecurity capability of all Cyber security organisations and promote synergy amongst all stakeholders.  It focusses on enhancing collaboration and integration among participants from various military and prominent national organizations.

Military Exercise SHAKTI

The 7th India-France Joint Military Exercise SHAKTI began in Umroi, Meghalaya, running from May 13th to 26th, 2024. Attendees included French Ambassador Thierry Mathou and Major General Prasanna Sudhakar Joshi. With 90 personnel from both sides, the exercise focuses on enhancing joint capabilities for multi-domain operations in semi-urban and mountainous terrains under the UN mandate. Key activities include tactical drills, intelligence sharing, and counter-terrorism operations, fostering interoperability and bilateral defense cooperation.

Indian Military Exercises 

The Indian Military Exercises can be divided into three categories:

  • Domestic Exercise.
  • Bilateral Exercise.
  • Multilateral Exercise.

Domestic Exercises :

The purpose of the domestic military exercise is to improve internal engagements and intra-service and inter-service among all the forces. There are four major domestic military exercises of India namely

  • Gandiv Vijay
  • Paschim Lehar
  • Vayu Shakti
  • Vijay Prahar

Bilateral Exercises :

These military exercises are held between two countries.The following table provides you with a List of Joint Military Exercises of India including the Army, Navy and Air Force:

Participating Countries Army/Navy/Air Force Exercise Name
India and Australia Army AUSTRA HIND
India and Bangladesh Army SAMPRITI
Air Force Table Top Ex
India and China Army HAND IN HAND
India and France Army SHAKTI
Air Force GARUDA
India and Indonesia Army GARUDA SHAKTI
India and Japan Army DHARMA GUARDIAN
India and Kazakhstan Army PRABAL DOSTYK
India and Kyrgyzstan Army KHANJAR
India and Maldives Army EKUVERIN
India and Mongolia Army NOMADIC ELEPHANT
India and Myanmar Army IMBEX
India and Nepal Army SURYA KIRAN
India and Oman Army AL NAGAH
Navy Naseem-al-Bahr
India and Russia Army INDRA
Air Force INDRA
India and Seychelles Army LAMITIYE
India and Sri Lanka Army MITRA SHAKTI
India and Thailand Army MAITREE
India and United Kingdom Army AJEYA WARRIOR
Navy MALABAR (Multilateral)
Air Force RED FLAG 16-1
Air Force Exercise COPE India 23.
India and Vietnam Army VINBAX

Multilateral Exercises 

These military exercises involve the militaries of more than two countries.The following table provides you with a List of Multilateral Military Exercises:

Exercise Name Participating Countries
RIMPAC (Rim of the Pacific Exercise, 26 Countries)
  • Australia
  • Brunei
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Germany
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Malaysia
  • Mexico
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • South Korea Singapore
  • Thailand
  • Tonga
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
MALABAR (3 Countries)
  • India
  • United States
  • Japan
COBRA-GOLD Asia-Pacific Countries
Samvedna South Asian Region Nations
MILAN (Incepted by Indian Navy) 40 Countries sending their high-level delegations and warships


List of Indian Air Force Exercises

Indian Air Force Exercises


Exercise Name Details  Participating Countries
  • Bilateral Indo-French large force employment warfare exercise.
  • Latest edition, Garuda 2019, hosted by FAF in Mont-de-Marsan, France.
  • Aims to foster closer ties, promote interoperability through knowledge and experience exchange.
  • Indian Air Force (IAF)
  • French Air Force (FAF)
Eastern Bridge
  • Bilateral joint air force exercise.
  • Most recent edition, Eastern Bridge-V, took place at Air Force Base Masirah in Oman.
  • Enhances interoperability and mutual operations between the two air forces.
  • MiG-29 participated in an international exercise outside India for the first time.
  • Indian Air Force (IAF)
  • Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO)
SIAM Bharat
  • Indo-Thailand Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) Table Top Exercise.
  • Aims to develop SOPs for planning and executing relief missions during natural disasters.
  • Enhances interoperability for joint air operations in response to a crisis.
  • Indian Air Force (IAF)
  • Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF)
Desert Eagle
  • Bilateral military exercise.
  • Second edition, Desert Eagle II, held at Al-Dhafra Air Base in Abu Dhabi.
  • Involves air combat exercises and enhances cooperation between IAF Su-30 MKI and UAE AF’s Mirage 2000-9 and F-16 block 60.
  • Previous participation in Desert Eagle I in 2008.
  • Indian Air Force (IAF)
  • United Arab Emirates Air Force (UAE AF)
Red Flag
  • Two-week advanced aerial combat training exercise.
  • Held several times a year at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada and Eielson Air Force Base in Alaska.
  • Provides realistic air-combat training to military pilots and flight crew members from the US and allied countries.
  • First held in 1975.
  • Indian Air Force (IAF)
  • United States Air Force
Desert Knight-21
  • Bilateral air exercise.
  • Held at Jodhpur Air Force Station in Rajasthan.
  • Includes fielding of Rafale aircraft from both sides.
  • Demonstrates growing interaction between India’s and France’s premier air forces.
  • Aircraft from both nations participated, including Mirage 2000, Su-30 MKI, and more.
  • Indian Air Force and French Air
  • Space Force


List of Indian Navy Exercises 


Indian Navy Exercises


Exercise Name Details  Participating Countries
  • Annual bilateral maritime exercise held between India and Sri Lanka.
  • 8th edition took place in Trincomalee, Sri Lanka, in October 2020.
  • Aims to increase interoperability, mutual understanding, and share best practices for maritime operations.
  • Indian Navy (IN)
  • Sri Lanka Navy (SLN)
  • Indo-Russia joint maritime exercise, 12th edition held in Volgograd, Russia, in August 2021.
  • Focuses on counter-terror operations against international terror groups under the UN.
  • Enhances cooperation and understanding between the two navies.
  • Indian Navy
  • Russian Navy
  • Bilateral naval exercise between India and the UK initiated in 2004.
  • Held alternatively by both navies, aims for complexity and scale growth.
  • Konkan 2021 held in the English Channel between INS Tabar and HMS Westminster.
  • Indian Navy
  • United Kingdom Navy
  • Bilateral maritime exercise, 19th edition (VARUNA-2021) held in the Arabian Sea.
  • United Arab Emirates (UAE) participated for the first time.
  • Focuses on shared values for freedom of seas and commitment to an open, inclusive Indo-Pacific and rules-based order.
  • Indian Navy
  • French Navy
Naseem Al Bahr
  • Bilateral maritime exercise, 12th edition held in Mormugao Port, Goa, between India and Oman.
  • Known as “Naseem-Al-Bahr” (sea breeze) since 1993.
  • Aims to strengthen cooperation and enhance capabilities for maritime operations.
  • Indian Navy
  • Royal Navy of Oman
Sahyog HOP TAC
  • First joint exercise between Coast Guards of India and Vietnam.
  • Held in the Bay of Bengal off Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
  • Focuses on improving working relationships, coordination, and capabilities for sea life rescue and environmental protection.
  • Indian Coast Guard
  • Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) exercise between India and Indonesia.
  • Conducted twice a year along their International Maritime Boundary Line since 2002.
  • Enhances maritime security and cooperation in the Indian Ocean region.
  • Indian Navy
  • Indonesian Navy
  • Bilateral maritime exercise, 28th edition (SIMBEX-2021) held in the southern rims of the South China Sea.
  • Aims to strengthen bilateral defence ties between India and Singapore.
  • Held during India’s 75th year of independence celebrations.
  • Indian Navy
  • Republic of Singapore Navy
  • Coordinated patrol (IMCOR) initiative between Indian Navy and Myanmar Navy.
  • Aims to combat illegal activities, human trafficking, drug trafficking, and enhance mutual understanding and cooperation for maritime security.
  • Indian Navy
  • Myanmar Navy
  • First naval exercise between Indian Navy and Royal Saudi Naval Force.
  • INS Kochi, flagship destroyer of Indian Western Naval Fleet, participated.
  • Highlights defence and military cooperation between India and Saudi Arabia.
  • Indian Navy
  • Royal Saudi Naval Force


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Military Exercises of India FAQs

Which exercise is best for the Indian Army?

A military training exercise is a coordinated training exercise conducted by military units of different countries for trained their forces in different situations, and climatic conditions and to improve coordination.

What is the Garuda exercise?

Garuda is a joint exercise between India and France Air Force that will provide a platform for both countries to enhance operational capability and interoperability, while also sharing best practices.

What do you mean by military exercise?

A military exercise, sometimes known as military training, is a training exercise for military operations that involve the use of military resources to examine the impacts of conflict or to test out different tactics without engaging in actual combat.

Why military exercise is important?

To prepare commanders and troops for actions in times of peace, crisis, and conflict, military exercises are planned and carried out.

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