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Important Articles of Indian Constitution, Complete List

Important Articles of Indian Constitution

Important Articles of Indian Constitution: The Indian Constitution consists of 448 Articles divided into 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 5 appendices, with more than 100 changes. A constitutional article is a set of guidelines that spells out a law or group of laws; these articles cover topics like the political system, individual liberties, and electoral procedures, among others. The Indian Constitution now has 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 104 amendments; in 1949, it only had 395 articles in 22 parts. Each part’s articles cover different facets of the Constitution, including legislative and executive branches, schedules, sections, statutory bodies, constitutional bodies, and fundamental rights, among other topics.

42nd Amendment of Indian Constitution

Articles

Importance

Article 12-35 Fundamental Rights
Article 36-50 Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
Article 51A Fundamental Duties
Article 80 Number of Seats in Rajya Sabha
Article 243-243 (o) Panchayati Raj Institutions
Article 343 Hindi as Official Language
Article 356 Imposition of President’s Rule
Article 370 Special Status of Jammu & Kashmir
Article 395 Repeals Indian Independence Act and Government of India Act 1919

Salient Features of Constitution of India

Important Articles of Indian Constitution List

Here’s the complete detailed list of Important Articles of Indian Constitution

Parts of the Indian Constitution

Subject Covered

Articles in Indian Constitution

Part I Union & Its Territory Article 1-4
Part II Citizenship Article 5-11
Part III Fundamental Rights Article 12-35
Part IV Directive Principles Article 36-51
Part IV A Fundamental Duties Article 51A
Part V The Union Article 52-151
Part VI The States Article 152-237
Part VII Note: 7th Amendment Act, 1956 repealed Part 7
Part VIII The Union Territories Article 239-242
Part IX The Panchayats Article 243-243O
Part IX A The Municipalities Article 243P-243ZG
Part IX B Co-operative Societies Article 243ZH-243ZT
Part X Scheduled and Tribal Areas Article 244-244A
Part XI Relation between Union & States Article 245-263
Part XII Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits Article 264-300A
Part XIII Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territory of India Article 301-307
Part XIV Services under the Union and States Article 308-323
Part XIV A Tribunals Article 323A-323B
Part XV Elections Article 324-329A
Part XVI Special Provisions relating to certain classes Article 330-342
Part XVII Official Languages Article 343-351
Part XVIII Emergency Provisions Article 352-360
Part XIX Miscellaneous Article 361-367
Part XX Amendment of the Constitution Article 368
Part XXI Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions Article 369-392
Part XXII Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in
Hindi and Repeals
Article 393-39

Regulating Act of 1773

Part 1: Article 1 – Article 4

  • Article 1 –Name of the union and its territories
  • Article 2 –Acceptance and creation of the new state
  • Article 3 – New state creation, as well as changes to the names, boundaries, and territories of existing states

List of Chief Ministers of India

 Part 2: Article 5 – Article 11

  • Article 5 –Citizenship at the time the Constitution first came into effect
  • Article 6 –An individual’s citizenship rights after coming to India from Pakistan
  • Article 10 –Maintenance of citizenship rights
  • Article 11 –The right to citizenship will be governed by law by Parliament.

List of Vice Presidents of India

Part 3: Article 12 – Article 35

  • Article 12 –The state’s definition
  • Article 13 –Laws that violate or interfere with fundamental rights

Rivers of India

Important Fundamental Rights of India

The Indian Constitution originally outlined seven fundamental rights, but only six remain. The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 repealed the Right to Property U/A 31. Part XII of the Constitution was amended to create the legal right U/A 300-A.

List of Prime Minister of India

Right to Freedom: Article 19 to Article 22

  • Article 19 –Guarantees Indian citizens their six basic rights.
    • Freedom of speech and expression
    • The right to assemble peacefully and without weapons
    • Freedom to organize into unions or groups
    • The right to unrestricted movement throughout India’s borders
    • The freedom to live and establish oneself anywhere on Indian territory Omitted
    • The right to practice any profession and the freedom to engage in any occupation, trade, or business
  • Article 20 –Protection in respect of conviction for offenses
  • Article 21 –Protection of life and personal liberty
  • Article 22 –Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

List of President of India

Right to Exploitation: Article 23 to Article 24

  • Article 23 –Forced labor and human trafficking are prohibited
  • Article 24 –Prohibiting the use of young people (under 14) in factories and mines

Tributaries of Ganga

 Right to Exploitation: Article 25 to Article 28

  • Article 25 –Conscience, religious expression, and practice are all permitted without restriction.
  • Article 26 –The ability to control religious issues
  • Article 27 –Freedom from paying taxes to support a specific faith
  • Article 28 –Freedom from having to go to religious school

Cultural and Educational Rights: Article 29 to Article 30

  • Article 29 –Protection of minorities’ interests
  • Article 30 –Minorities have the right to create and run educational institutions

Right to Constitutional Remedies: Article 32

  • Article 32 –Minorities can establish and manage educational institutions

Viceroy of India

Part 6: Directive Principal of States Policy: Article 36 – 51

  • Article 36 – Definition
  • Article 37 – Application of DPSP
  • Article 39A – Free legal representation and equal justice
  • Article 40 – Forming a village panchayat
  • Article 41 – Right to employment, education, and, in some circumstances, public support
  • Article 43 – Living Wages, etc. for Workers
  • Article 43A – Participation of workers in management of industries
  • Article 44 – Uniform civil code ( applicable in Goa only)
  • Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children
  • Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes, ST, and OBC
  • Article 47 – Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health
  • Article 48 – Deals with agriculture and animal husbandry
  • Article 49 – Protection of monuments, places and objects of natural importance
  • Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from the executive
  • Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security

List of Chief Ministers of Bihar

Part 6: Union: Article 52 – 151

  • Article 52 –The President of India
  • Article 53 –Executive Power of the union
  • Article 54 –Election of President
  • Article 61 –Procedure for Impeachment of the President
  • Article 63 –The Vice-president of India
  • Article 64 –The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman the council of States
  • Article 66 –Election of Vice-president
  • Article 72 –Pardoning powers of President
  • Article 74 –Council of ministers to aid and advise President
  • Article 76 –Attorney-General for India
  • Article 79 –Constitution of Parliament
  • Article 80 –Composition of Rajya Sabha
  • Article 81 –Composition of Lok Sabha
  • Article 83 –Duration of Houses of Parliament
  • Article 93 –The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people
  • Article 105 –Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
  • Article 109 –Special procedure in respects of money bills
  • Article 110 –Definition of “Money Bills”
  • Article 112 –Annual Financial Budget
  • Article 114 –Appropriation Bills
  • Article 123 –Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament
  • Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court
  • Article 125 – Salaries of Judges
  • Article 126 –Appointment of acting Chief justice
  • Article 127 –Appointment of ad-hoc judges
  • Article 128 –Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
  • Article 129 –Supreme Court to be a court of Record
  • Article 130 –Seat of the Supreme Court
  • Article 136 –Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court
  • Article 137 –Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court
  • Article 141 –Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts
  • Article 148 –Comptroller and Auditor- General of India
  • Article 149 –Duties and Powers of CAG

List of Chief Ministers of Delhi

Part 6: States: Article 152 – 237

  • Article 153 –Governors of State
  • Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor
  • Article 161 –Pardoning powers of the Governor
  • Article 165 –Advocate-General of the State
  • Article 213 –Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
  • Article 214 – High Courts for states
  • Article 215 –High Courts to be a court of record
  • Article 226 –Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
  • Article 233 –Appointment of District judges
  • Article 235 –Control over Subordinate Courts
Part 7 Repealed: Article 238
Part 8 Union Territories: Article 239 – 242
Part 9 Panchayats: Article 243 – 243O 

  • Article 243A – Gram Sabha
  • Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats
Part 9A Municipalities: Article 243P – 243ZG
Part 9B Co-operative Societies: Article 243ZH – 243ZT
Part 10 Scheduled and Tribal Areas: Article 244
Part 11 Center- State Relations: Article 245 – 263

Part 12: Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits: Article 264 – 300A

  • Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
  • Article 267 –Contingency Fund of India
  • Article 280 –Finance Commission
  • Article 300-A –Right to property

List of Chief Ministers of Gujarat

Part 13: Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territories of India: Article 301 – 307

  • Article 301 – Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse.
  • Article 302 –Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.

List of Chief Ministers of Karnataka

Part 14: Services Under Center and State: Article 308 – 323

  • Article 312 –All- India-Service.
  • Article 315 –Public service commission’s for the union and for the states
  • Article 320 –Functions of Public Service Commission.

Part 14A: Tribunals: Article 323A – 323B

  • Article 323A –Administrative Tribunals

List of Chief Ministers of Kerala

Part 15: Elections: Article 324 – 329

  • Article 324 –Superintendence, direction and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission.
  • Article 325 –No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex.
  • Article 326 –Elections to the house of the people and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage.

Part 16: Special Provisions to SC, ST, OBC, Minorities etc: Article 330 – 342

  • Article 338 –National Commission for the SC, & ST.
  • Article 340 –Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.

Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu

Part 17: Official Language: Article 343 – 351

  • Article 343 –Official languages of the Union.
  • Article 345 –Official languages or languages of states.
  • Article 348 –Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts.
  • Article 351 –Directive for development of the Hindi languages.

Part 18: Emergency: Article 352 – 360

  • Article 352 –Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency).
  • Article 356 –State Emergency (President’s Rule)
  • Article 360 –Financial Emergency

Part 19: Miscellaneous: Article 361 – 367

  • Article 361-Protection of President and Governors

Part 20: Amendment of Constitution: Article 368

  • Article 368 –Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution

Part 21:  Special, Transitional and Temporary Provisions: Article 369 – 392

  • Article 370 –Special provision of J&K.
  • Article 371A –Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland
  • Article 371-J –Special Status for Hyderabad-Karnataka region

Part 22: Short Text, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals: Article 392 – 395

 

Important Articles of the Indian Constitution Schedules

Schedules

Articles of Indian Constitution

First Schedule Article 1 and Article 4
Second Schedule Articles: 59, 65, 75, 97, 125, 148, 158, 164, 186, 221
Third Schedule Articles: 75, 84, 99, 124,146, 173, 188, 219
Fourth Schedule Article 4 and Article 80
Fifth Schedule Article 244
Sixth Schedule Article 244 and Article 275
Seventh Schedule Article 246
Eighth Schedule Article 344 and Article 351
Ninth Schedule Article 31-B
Tenth Schedule Article 102 and Article 191
Eleventh Schedule Article 243-G
Twelfth Schedule Article 243-W

Important Articles of Indian Constitution UPSC

  • Delhi was designated as National Capital Territory through 69th Constitutional Amendment Act
  • Election of President can be amended by a special majority of the parliament and ratification by half of the states.
  • Article 51A explains the elements of fundamental duties

Important Articles of Indian Constitution FAQs

Q Why are the 7 articles of the Constitution important?

Ans. The responsibilities of the three major branches of government—the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch—are covered in the Constitution’s Articles. The articles also include how to amend the Constitution as well as the distinction between federal and state authority.

Q Is there 470 articles in Indian Constitution?

Ans. The 470 articles that make up the constitution are divided into 25 parts and preceded by a prologue. It contains five appendices, 12 schedules, and has undergone 105 amendments, the most recent of which took effect on August 10, 2021.

Q What is the 105th amendment of Indian Constitution?

Ans. The Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBC) list-making authority was reinstated by the 105 Constitutional Amendment Act for state governments. The Supreme Court claimed that the 102 Constitutional Amendment Act meant that state governments lacked the ability to determine the SEBC.

Q When was Section 370 removed?

Ans. This was a “temporary provision,” meaning that it was only meant to be in effect while the State’s constitution was being created and adopted. Nevertheless, the State’s constituent legislature disbanded on January 25, 1957, without endorsing either repealing or amending Article 370.

Q How many articles are there in the Constitution of India in 2022?

Ans. The second-largest operational Constitution in the world and the one with the longest text is that of India. It contains 470 articles divided into 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 5 appendices. Originally, it comprised 395 articles divided into 22 divisions and 8 schedules.

Important Articles In Constitution of India

Major Incidents in Indian History

  1. Quit India Movement
  2. Chauri Chaura Incident
  3. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  4. Green Revolution in India
  5. Non-Cooperation Movement

Famous Personalities Biography

Mangal Pandey
Maharana Pratap
Rabindranath Tagore
Bhagat Singh
Jyotiba Phule
Satyendra Nath Bose
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Subhash Chandra Bose

 

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FAQs

Why are the 7 articles of the Constitution important?

The responsibilities of the three major branches of government—the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch—are covered in the Constitution's Articles. The articles also include how to amend the Constitution as well as the distinction between federal and state authority.

Is there 470 articles in Indian Constitution?

The 470 articles that make up the constitution are divided into 25 parts and preceded by a prologue. It contains five appendices, 12 schedules, and has undergone 105 amendments, the most recent of which took effect on August 10, 2021.

What is the 105th amendment of Indian Constitution?

The Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBC) list-making authority was reinstated by the 105 Constitutional Amendment Act for state governments. The Supreme Court claimed that the 102 Constitutional Amendment Act meant that state governments lacked the ability to determine the SEBC.

When was Section 370 removed?

This was a "temporary provision," meaning that it was only meant to be in effect while the State's constitution was being created and adopted. Nevertheless, the State's constituent legislature disbanded on January 25, 1957, without endorsing either repealing or amending Article 370.

How many articles are there in the Constitution of India in 2022?

The second-largest operational Constitution in the world and the one with the longest text is that of India. It contains 470 articles divided into 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 5 appendices. Originally, it comprised 395 articles divided into 22 divisions and 8 schedules.

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