Attorney General of India
Attorney General of India is the main legal counsel for the Central government and serves as their counsel before the Indian Supreme Court. The position of Attorney General and its responsibilities are succinctly described in Article 76 from Part V of the Indian Constitution.
Article 76 of Part V of the Indian Constitution defines the position of Attorney General of India. The Union Government’s principal legal representative is the Attorney General. They are in charge of defending the government before the Indian Supreme Court. Politics should not be a factor in the appointment of the attorney general.
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Attorney General of India Present
The position of Attorney General of India has been filled for a three-year term by R Venkataramani, a senior Supreme Court lawyer.
Lawyer R Venkataramani has 42 years of experience working in India’s highest court. In 1977, he registered with the Tamil Nadu Bar Council, and in 1979, he began working for Senior Supreme Court Advocate PP Rao. He established his own solo practice in the Supreme Court in 1982, and in 1997 he received the title of Senior Advocate of the SC.
He worked in the legal field in many different areas, including constitutional law, indirect tax law, human rights law, civil and criminal law, consumer law, and laws governing services. In 2001, the International Commission of Jurists and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights jointly asked him to present at their workshop in Geneva. This workshop aimed to submit a report on the 1966 Optional Protocol to the International Covenants on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) to the Human Rights Commission.
Senior Attorney Venkataramani also participated in ICESCR-related operations of the International Court of Justice in the Afro-Asian region. He joined the Law Committee in 2010 and returned in 2013 to serve another term. He will now succeed K K Venugopal as India’s Attorney General.
Attorney General of India Tenure
The attorney general is chosen by the President of India. He must be an Indian citizen and have completed 10 years of high court advocacy or 5 years as a judge in any Indian state. He may also be regarded as a prominent jurist by the President. The duration of the Attorney General’s appointment is not specified in the Constitution.
The Constitution is also silent regarding the removal procedure and the justifications for removal. As a result, they are subject to the president’s whim and are thus subject to removal at any time. He or she can also step down by giving the President a letter of resignation. There are no constitutional limitations on the Attorney General’s remuneration, and it is determined at the President’s discretion.
Attorney General of India Appointment
In addition to carrying out any further legal tasks that the president assigns to him or her, he or she offers legal counsel to the Indian government on the topics the president mentions. Additionally, he fulfills the obligations set forth by the Constitution or another piece of legislation.
In any case that the president refers to the Supreme Court in accordance with Article 143 of the Constitution, he speaks on behalf of the Indian government. He also appears in any case involving the Government of India at the request of the Government of India before any high court.
Attorney General of India Limitations
The Central Cabinet has a separate law minister who is responsible for handling legal matters at the federal level of government; the Attorney General is not a member of the Central Cabinet. The Attorney General is subject to a certain limitations, which he should be aware of in order to prevent a conflict of interest.
The Indian Attorney General shouldn’t make recommendations or submit a statement criticizing the Indian government. He/she should avoid giving advice to any government of India ministry or department, statutory body, or Public Sector Company unless the request is made via the Department of Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Law and Justice.
The Attorney General is not a full-time legal adviser to the government, however, and neither is he or she employed by it. Additionally, it is not against the law for them to practice law in private. He or she should not represent somebody who has been charged in a criminal case without the permission of the Government of India. He or she shouldn’t accept a directorship with any business or corporation.
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First Atorney General of India
The First Attorney General of India, M.C. Setalvad, held the position for the longest time—13 years—while Soli Sorabjee held the position for the shortest time. Nevertheless, he was twice appointed to the position.
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Attorney General of India List 2023
Here’s the complete List of Attorney General of India:
|Name of the Attorney General||Tenure|
|M.C. Setalvad||28 January 1950 – 1 March 1963|
|C.K. Daftari||2 March 1963 – 30 October 1968|
|Niren de||1 November 1968 – 31 March 1977|
|S.V. Gupte||1st April 1977 – 8th August 1979|
|L.N. Sinha||9th August 1979 – 8th August 1983|
|K. Parasaran||9th August 1983 – 8th December 1989|
|Soli Sorabjee||9th December 1989 – 2nd December 1990|
|J. Ramaswamy||3rd December 1990 – November 23rd 1992|
|Milon K. Banerji||21st November 1992 – 8th July 1996|
|Ashok Desai||9th July 1996 – 6th April 1998|
|Soli Sorabjee||7th April 1998 – 4th June 2004|
|Milon K. Banerjee||5th June 2004 – 7th June 2009|
|Goolam Essaji Vahanvati||8th June 2009 – 11th June 2014|
|Mukul Rohatgi||12th June 2014 – 30th June 2017|
|K.K. Venugopal||30th June 2017 – September 22nd , 2022|
|R. Venkataramani||1st October 2022 till date|
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Attorney General of India UPSC
- The Union Executive includes the Indian Attorney General (AG). He is the top law enforcement official in the nation. In the Indian Territory, he is eligible to appear in any court.
- When he participates in the proceedings of the Indian Parliament, he has the following rights:
- He has the right to speak; He has the right to participate in the proceedings of both Houses of Parliament and their joint session; and He has the right to participate in any committee of the Parliament of which he may be named a member.
- He is not regarded as a government employee, and he is not prohibited from practicing law privately.
- The Attorney General has the right to speak and participate in proceedings of Houses of Parliament or their joint sitting, as well as any committee of the Parliament of which s/he may be named a member, but without the right to vote.
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Major Incidents in Indian History
- Quit India Movement
- Chauri Chaura Incident
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
- Green Revolution in India
- Non-Cooperation Movement