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President of India from 1947 to 2024, Name, Tenure and Powers

President of India

India has a parliamentary system of government, with the president serving as the official head of state under the Constitution. He is an equivalency to the English king. The President’s Office was established as soon as the constitution was ratified on November 26, 1949. He is a member of the Union Executive, whose provisions are covered by Articles 52 to 78, Part V, which includes an article about the President (Article 52-62).

  • All of the executive functions of the union should be vested in the president, who is the executive head of India.
  • The President is the Army’s Supreme Commander.
  • He represents the nation’s unity, honesty, and solidarity because he was India’s first citizen.
  • In accordance with the order of precedence, he holds the top position. According to Article 52,
  • The President of India is a requirement of India’s constitutional design.
  • The prohibition imposed by Article 52 is absolute.
  • The President’s office cannot be empty for even a brief period of time.
  • The country of  first president of India’s was Dr. Rajendra Prasad, he led India for the longest time, from 1950 to 1962.
  • Zakir Husain and Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, two presidents, passed away while being in office.
  • Pratibha Patil, who was elected as the country’s 12th President in 2007, is the first woman to hold the position

President of India List From 1947 to 2024

Here are the List All President of India from 1947 to 2024.

Name Tenure
Start Date Closing date
Dr. Rajendra Prasad 26 January 1950 13 May 1962
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 13 May 1962 13 May 1967
Dr. Zakir Hussain 13 May 1967 3 May 1969
Varahagiri Venkata Giri 3 May 1969 20 July 1969
Varahagiri Venkata Giri 24 August 1969 24 August 1974
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 24 August 1974 11 February 1977
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy 25 July 1977 25 July 1982
Giani Zali Singh 25 July 1982 25 July 1987
Ramaswamy Venkataraman 25 July 1987 25 July 1992
Shankar Dayal Sharma 25 July 1992 25 July 1997
Kocheril Raman Narayanan 25 July 1997 25 July 2002
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam 25 July 2002 25 July 2007
Pratibha Patil 25 July 2007 25 July 2012
Pranab Mukherjee 25 July 2012 25 July 2017
Shri Ram Nath Kovind 25 July 2017 21 July 2022
Draupadi Murmu 21 July 2022 Working

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President of India Constitutional Position

Constitutional Position

Article 53 The President shall have the executive power of the Union, which he may exercise either directly or through persons who report to him in accordance with this Constitution.
Article 74 The President will be assisted and advised by a Cabinet of Ministers, led by the prime minister, who “must” act in line with that advice while carrying out his duties.
Article 75 The Lok Sabha will hold the whole Cabinet of Ministers accountable. The parliamentary system of government is based on this clause.

President of India 2024

  • On 21 July 2022, the result of the presidential election was made public, and Draupadi Murmu was the new India president.
  • The second female President of India and the first tribal woman is Draupadi Murmu.
  • Draupadi Murmu held the position of Jharkhand’s first female governor As the Bharatiya Janata Party’s candidate.
  • When she was chosen to serve on the Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat Council in 1997, she first entered politics from Odisha.
  • She assumed the position of chair of Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat in 2000 and held the position of national vice president of the BJP Scheduled Tribes Morcha.

How are Presidents of India Elected?

The president is chosen in accordance with Article 54 of the constitution. According to the Constitution, the President of India is chosen indirectly by an electoral college using a single transferable vote system and a secret ballot in a proportional representation election. The Constitution lays out two criteria to guarantee parity and uniformity in the weight of MP and MLA votes.

The Constitution stipulates that each state’s MLA’s vote value must be proportional to its population in order to provide uniformity in the scale of representation for all states.

President of India Qualifications

  • Article 58 of the Constitution applies to it.
  • No one may run for president unless they meet the following requirements:
    • They must be citizens of India
    • Be at least 35 years old
    • Meet the requirements to be elected to the House of People.
  • A person who holds a position of profit under the Government of India,
  • Government of any State, or under any local or other authority under the control of any of the said Governments is ineligible to be elected as President.

President of India Tenure

  • Article 56 of the Constitution applies to it.
  • The President’s five-year term in office begins on the day he takes the oath of office.
  • The President may resign from office by writing to the Vice-President under his hand.
  • The President may be impeached for violating the Constitution and be removed from office in accordance with the procedures outlined in article 61.
  • President shall continue to hold office despite the expiration of his term until his successor assumes office.
  • Any resignation addressed to the Vice-President under clause (a) of the proviso to clause (1) shall be effective immediately.

President of India Oath of Affirmation

According to Article 60 of the constitution, the President’s Oath is constituted. Before taking office, each President and each person serving in that capacity must take an oath or affirmation before the Chief Justice of India or, in his absence, the senior-most Supreme Court judge available, in front of the Chief Justice of India.

President of India Powers

  • In all instances where the punishment or sentence is by a Court Martial;
  • In all instances where the punishment or sentence is for an offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the Union extends;
  • In all instances where the sentence is a sentence of death, the President shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites, remissions of punishment, or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offense.
  • Nothing in article (1), subclause (a), shall impair an officer of the Union’s Armed Forces’ ability to suspend, remit, or commute a sentence handed down by a Court Martial.
  • Nothing in subclause (c) of clause (1) shall impair the Governor of a State’s ability to suspend, remit, or commute a death sentence under any currently in effect statute.

President of India Impeachment

Article 61 of the Indian Constitution establishes the process for impeaching the president. Any House of Parliament may bring the charge against a President who has violated the Constitution for impeachment. No such charge shall be preferred unless the proposal to prefer such charge is contained in a resolution that has been moved after at least fourteen days’ written notice has been given by not less than one-fourth of the members of the House of their intention to move the resolution, and such resolution has been passed by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the membership of the House.

If a charge has been so preferred by one of the Houses of Parliament, the other House shall investigate the charge or require an investigation into the charge to be conducted, and the President shall be entitled to attend the investigation and be represented. The President will be removed from office as of the day the resolution is so passed if, as a result of the investigation, a resolution is passed by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the entire membership of the House by which the charge was investigated or caused to be investigated.

Facts About the President of India

  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad is the only individual to have served two terms as President, being the first to hold this distinction.
  • In 1969, after the untimely passing of Zakir Hussain, V.V. Giri assumed the role of interim president, making him the sole person to hold this position simultaneously with other roles.
  • Alongside the fourteen presidents who have served, three acting presidents have also briefly held the position.
  • Sadly, both Zakir Husain and Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed passed away while in office.
  • The President of India primarily fulfills ceremonial duties within the government.
  • Unlike in some other countries, the President of India is not directly elected by citizens but by elected members of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies.
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad remains the longest-serving President in Indian history.
  • Pratibha Patil made history in 2007 by becoming the first woman to hold the esteemed position of President.

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President of India List FAQs

How many president's are there in India?

Since the job was created in 1950, when the Indian constitution was adopted and India was proclaimed a republic, there have been 15 presidents of India. In addition to these fifteen, there have been three acting presidents who have been in the role for brief durations.

Who is longest president in India?

The country of India's first president was Dr. Rajendra Prasad. In addition, he led India for the longest, from 1950 to 1962.

Who is the 14th prime president of India?

Ram Nath Kovind is 14th president of India.

What are the 7 powers of the president?

• Sign treaties after receiving Senate approval.
• Veto and sign all bills.
• Represent our country in negotiations with other nations.
• Uphold the legislation passed by Congress.
• In a war, assume the role of commander in chief.
• Send troops to defend our country against an assault.
• Offer ideas for new legislation that should be implemented.
• Be the political party leader.

Who is first president of our country?

The first president of India was Rajendra Prasad. Between January 26th, 1950, until May 13th, 1962, he served as president. He succeeded Sarvepalli Radhakrishna..

Who is the first woman President of India?

Chief Justice of India K. G. Balakrishnan administering the oath of office to new President Pratibha Patil. December 19, 1934, is the 12th President of India. She is the first woman and the first Maharashtrian to hold this post.

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