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Constitutional Bodies, Check List of Constitutional Bodies

Constitutional Bodies of India

Constitutional Bodies: A constitutional body is one created by the Indian Constitution. When a constitutional bodies needs to be constituted in order to alter its authority or duties, a constitutional change is required. As a result, these organisations may be established following the passage of a constitutional amendment bill.

These bodies’ authority comes directly from the constitution, which gives them more authority than any other entity in the nation. These organisations operate as a part of the legislative and executive branches of government to ensure efficient governance.

List of Constitutional Bodies of India

Constitutional Bodies derive their authority from the Indian Constitution; as a result, any changes or expansions of these organisations authority require a constitutional amendment. The Constitutional Bodies that are covered in this article are included in the UPSC Indian Polity and Governance Syllabus.

List of Constitutional Bodies of India

Constitutional Bodies Articles Term Removal Powers of Constitutional Bodies
Attorney General of India 76 Not fixed by the Constitution Holds office during the pleasure of the President
  • Give advice to the government on such legal matters as conferred by the President.
  • Right to an audience in all Indian courts.
  • He enjoys all the privileges that is enjoyed by Member of Parliament.
Comptroller and Auditor General of India 148 – 151 For a period of six years or 65 years (whichever comes earlier) Is similar to that of a Supreme Court judge
  • CAG has the power to audit the accounts for the Contingency Fund, the Consolidated Fund of India and States, and the Public Accounts Fund of the states and the union government
  • For matters related to finance CAG acts as an advisor to the President.
  • CAG when needed it also audits accounts of government companies, corporations as and when required by law.
Election Commission of India 324 Currently, for 6 years or until 65 years old, whichever comes first In the same manner and on the same grounds as the judge of the Supreme Court.
  • Registration and recognition of political parties
  • He determine the territorial extent of electoral constituencies Based on Delimitation Commission Act.
  • Notify election schedules and dates.
  • Has the power of settling the disputes in relation to allotment of electoral symbols to parties.
Finance Commission of India 280-281 as specified by the President done by the President
  • EC determine the principle based on which the center will give states the grants-in-aid of the Consolidated fund of India

·         Shares of tax distribution between center and state government

  • Other matters relating to necessary financial matters as the President states.
  • Finance Commission’s recommendations, steps must be taken to increase the state’s consolidated fund in order to support the resources of the panchayat and the municipality.
NCSC – National Commission for Scheduled Castes A-338 Is appointed by the President of India for a period of 3 Years. Presidents determines his removal
  • Monitoring and reporting on the application of the constitutional protections for Scheduled Castes.
  • It possesses the same power as a civil court.
  • Investigate allegations alleging that the SCs’ rights have been violated.
  • Considering the development of SCs when planning socioeconomic development projects.
NCST – National Commission for Scheduled Tribes 338 A 3 Years, appointment by the President done by the President
  • It has the authority of a civil court.
  • It is being tracked and reported on how the constitution’s protections for Scheduled Tribes are being carried out.
  • It possesses the same power as a civil court.
National Commission for Backward Classes 338 B determined by the president 3 Years
  • Examine grievances and assistance programs for socially and educationally disadvantaged people.
  • It possesses the same power as a civil court.
  • Gives recommendation for the socioeconomic advancement of socially and educationally disadvantaged populations.
Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities Article – 350 B Tenure on the Pleasure of the president Removed on the Pleasure of the President
  • It is being tracked and reported on how well the constitution’s protections for language minorities are working.
  • Assists in preserving and promoting the nation’s diverse linguistic minorities.
  • Encourages equal opportunity for linguistic minorities to thrive equally and inclusively.
Union Public Service Commission 315-323 For the time being, 6 years or 65 years (whichever is earlier) done by the President
  • Recruitment for All India Services, public services in the area under central management, Central Services, and advisory authority.
  • The state governments are helped in the event of joint recruitment.
  • Gives the President an annual report on its performance.
  • Determines the standards to be used when selecting applicants
State Public Service Commission 315-323 presently for 6 years or 62 years, whichever is earlier Is done by the President
  • Its advice is necessary on numerous issues connected to personnel management.
  • It conducts examination for appointment to various state services.
  • Is considered by the Governor when formulating regulations for state-level judges who are not district judges.

Constitutional Bodies UPSC

The state needs a number of authorities to manage diverse governmental activities. As a result, the constitution of the state stipulates the creation of a few key authorities, as well as the roles, responsibilities, and powers of those authorities, as well as the credentials necessary for leaders and officials. We refer to them as constitutional bodies.

  • Organisations whose creation is required by the Indian Constitution are known as constitutional bodies.
  • The Indian Constitution serves as the foundation for their authority.
  • A constitutional amendment is usually required to alter the power or duties of such bodies.

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Constitutional bodies FAQs

What is a constitutional body UPSC?

Constitutional bodies derive their powers and authorities from the Constitution of India.

What is meant by constitutional bodies?

In India, a Constitutional body is a body or institute established by the Constitution of India.

Is NITI Aayog a constitutional body or non constitutional body?

NITI Aayog is a non-constitutional body as India's Constitution does not create it, and a non-statutory body as an Act of the Parliament does not create it.

Why UPSC is a constitutional body?

UPSC is a Constitutional Body under Article 315-323 Part XIV Chapter II of the Constitution of India to discharge their duties, functions and obligations assigned under Article 320.

What is difference between constitutional body and statutory body for UPSC?

The constitutional bodies are provided with the assigned article in the constitution whereas the statutory body does not have the specific mention as the constitutional body.

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