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Rajputs Kingdom, History, Origin, List and Major States

Rajputs Kindgom

The Rajput Kingdom existed from the 7th century until the 12th century, when it was conquered by Turko-Muslim forces. During the middle Ages, it flourished in central and northern India. In India’s history, the Rajput Dynasty played a crucial role. The history of the nation has been shaped by the presence of well-known and strong kings throughout its history.

A feudal organisation called the Rajput Kingdom promoted Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. The regard they held for literature, art, and architecture was also quite great. The Rajput Dynasty, the history and genesis of Rajputs, the states created, and the type of society they ruled are all covered in the information below.

Rajputs Kingdom is the topic of Medival History for UPSC Exam Preparation. Candidate will find all the details about the Rajput Kingdoms in this article for UPSC Exam Preparations.

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Rajputs Kindgom History

At the beginning of the Middle Ages, Simharaj, the creator of the city of Ajmer, established the Rajput Kingdom. The early mediaeval period (8th to 12th century) and the later mediaeval period are the two stages that make up the mediaeval era (12th-18th century). The Rajput Kingdom in the early mediaeval era begins with the end of the rule of Harsha and Pulakesin II. They ruled the nation for more than 500 years and made contributions to Indian history.

Rajputs Kingdom Origin

Discussions on the Rajputs’ origins are contentious. However, several historians have proposed specific ideas regarding the Rajputs’ ancestry in India. These include the mixed origin hypothesis, the agni kula theory, the foreign origin theory, the kshatriya origin theory, and the tribal origin theory. The Rajput dynasty is thought to have ruled throughout the early mediaeval era, or from 647 to 1200 A.D. After Harsha’s passing in the 12th century, their kingdom started to crumble.

The Hephthalites’ impact on the northern and western portions of the Indian subcontinent in the middle of the fifth century CE is when the Rajputs first appeared. The Gupta Empire collapsed in the 6th century after the incident. The invaders launched an attack against the empire. Some of the invaders assimilated into the local culture. However, the Tribals and the Nobles were separated into Kshatriyas and Hindus, and their adherents—including the Ahirs, Gujars, and Jats—were regarded as the Fourth Order.

Additionally, certain invading priests obtained the status of a Brahman while the others attained that of a Rajput. There are three distinct subgroups of Rajput ancestry: Suryavanshi, Chandravanshi, and Agnikula. However, they started to matter politically in the early seventh century.

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Rajputs Kingdom List

Below given is the complete list of Rajputs Kingdom in details, Candidates can go through the list for UPSC Exam Preparation related to Rajputs Kingdom:

Rajputs kingdoms Capital Founder
Chauhan/Chahaman of Delhi-Ajmer Delhi Vasudeva
Pratihara/Parihar of Kannauj Avanti, Kannauj Nagabhatt I
Pawar/Parmar of Malwa Ujjain, Dhar Seeak II ‘Sri Harsha’
Chaulukya/Solanki of Kathiyawar Anihalvada Mularaja I
Rastrakuta of Malkhand Malkhand/ Manyakheta Dantidurg (Danti Varman II)
Chandela of Jejakabhukti Khajuraho, Mahoba, Kalinjar Nannuk Chnadela
Kalchuri/Haihaya of Chedi Tripuri Kokkala I
Gadhawal/ Rathore of Kannauj Kannauj Chandradeva
Tomar of surrounding areas of- Haryana and Delhi Dhillika Anangpal Singh Tomar
Guhilota/ Sisodiya of Mewar Chittor Bappa Rawal, Hammir I

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Rajputs Kingdom and Major States

The Rajput dynasty ruled a total of 36 Indian kingdoms. These clans’ principal States are listed below:

  • The Palas of Bengal
  • The Chauhans of Delhi and Ajmer
  • The Rathors of Kanauj
  • The Guhilas or Sisodiyas of Mewar
  • The Chandelles of Bundelkhand
  • The Paramaras of Malwa
  • The Senas of Bengal
  • The Solankis of Gujarat

Rajput Kingdom and Chauhans Kingdom

The Chauhans were the Gujara-Pratiharas’ feudatories. The Chauhans proclaimed Ajmer independent in 1101 A.D. But towards the beginning of the 12th century, they overcame the Paramaras and took control of Ujjain and Delhi. They moved their capital to Delhi after being captured. Prithviraj Chauhan was the most significant Chauhan king among all the Rajput kings. But upon his passing, the Chauhan dynasty lost strength.

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Rajput Kingdom UPSC

The Rajput polities were constantly attacked by the Marathas and Afghans in the second half of the eighteenth century, but neither party was able to conquer the area for good. Thus, the Rajputs once had complete control over the region that stretched 900 kilometres from Delhi to Surat’s western shore. However, internal conflict prevented the Rajputs from solidifying their position, leaving them open to Maratha invasion. The Rajputs Kingdom is fully described in this article for UPSC exam preparation.

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Who is the founder of Rajput Kingdom?

The Guhilot Dynasty, also known as the Sisodiya dynasty, had its beginnings in Mewar under the Rajput prince Bappa Rawal, and Chittor served as its capital when Rawal Ratan Singh of Mewar was in power.

Who ruled Rajput kingdom?

The Mughal emperor Bbur destroyed the Rajput state of Mewar under Rana Sanga at Khanua in an attempt to establish his dominance (1527). B'bur's grandson Akbar recaptured the forts of Chitor and Ranthambhor (1568–1599) and then reached an agreement with all Rajputana princes, with the exception of Mewar.

Which is the biggest Rajput kingdom?

In Marwar and Bikaner, Jodhpur was the largest and oldest of these cities. The extended Rathore clan of Hindu Rajputs is seen as being led by the Maharaja of Jodhpur.

Where are Rajput kingdoms?

From the seventh century onward, a number of Rajput-ruled kingdoms had a considerable impact on many areas of central and northern India. In addition to southern and eastern Pakistan, northern, western, central, and eastern India are home to the Rajput population and the former Rajput republics.

Who is original Rajput?

The Rajputs originated from western, eastern, northern India and from some parts of Pakistan.

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