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Savitribai Phule Jayanti, Early Life, Contribution and Legacy

Savitribai Phule Jayanti

Savitribai Phule Jayanti is celebrated on January 3rd every year to honor India’s first woman teacher. Savitribai Phule was a social worker, poet, and teacher who fought for girls’ education and sparked a revolution in India. She was born on January 3, 1831 in a small village in Maharashtra’s Satara district. She was married to Jyotirao Phule and died in Pune on March 10, 1897.

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Savitribai Phule Biography

Savitribai Phule, born on January 3, 1831, in Maharashtra, India, was a trailblazing social reformer and the first female teacher in India. Despite societal norms, she founded the first girls’ school in Pune in 1848, advocating for women’s education. Savitribai, alongside her husband Jyotirao Phule, fought against caste discrimination, opened their home as a refuge for abused women, and penned powerful poems addressing social issues. Her courageous efforts laid the groundwork for gender equality and education in India, making her an enduring symbol of resilience and reform. Celebrated annually on Savitribai Phule Jayanti, her legacy inspires ongoing struggles for social justice.

Savitribai Phule Early Life and Education

Born on January 3, 1831, in Satara, Maharashtra, Savitribai Phule faced poverty and societal barriers restricting women’s education. Married at nine to Jyotirao Phule, a social activist, Savitribai, despite being illiterate, was mentored by her husband who taught her to read and write. Overcoming discrimination against Dalits, she pursued education. Savitribai’s resilience led her to enroll in a teacher’s training program in Pune and Ahmedabad, a pivotal step toward becoming India’s first woman teacher. Her journey reflects a determination to challenge social norms, contributing significantly to education and social reform in 19th-century India.

Savitribai Phule’s Remarkable Contributions

Pioneering Women’s Education

Savitribai Phule, born in 1831, played a pivotal role in advancing women’s education in India. In 1848, she boldly established the first school for girls in Pune, challenging societal norms and paving the way for future generations of women to access education.

Fight Against Caste Discrimination

Teaming up with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, Savitribai actively fought against caste-based discrimination. They founded the Satyashodhak Samaj, a social reform organization aimed at dismantling the oppressive caste system, fostering equality, and promoting social justice.

Champion of Widow Remarriage

Savitribai advocated vehemently for the rights of widows, campaigning against customs that confined them to a life of deprivation. Her efforts aimed to secure the right of widows to remarry, challenging traditional norms that perpetuated their marginalization.

Social Reform Advocacy

Dedicating their lives to social reform, Savitribai and Jyotirao worked tirelessly to combat untouchability and uplift the lower castes through education and awareness campaigns. Their commitment to eradicating social injustices left an indelible mark on India’s history.

Literary Contributions

Beyond her activism, Savitribai was a prolific poet and writer. Her powerful poems addressed gender and caste discrimination, contributing significantly to Marathi literature and providing a powerful voice for the marginalized.

Death of Savitribai Phule

Savitribai Phule, a trailblazing social reformer, met her end on March 10, 1897, leaving behind a legacy of relentless advocacy for education and social equality. Her demise marked the conclusion of a life dedicated to challenging societal norms and fighting against oppression.

Savitribai passed away while bravely trying to protect a ten-year-old boy during an outbreak of the bubonic plague. This act of courage and selflessness exemplified her commitment to the well-being of others, even in the face of personal risk.

Savitribai Phule Legacy

Savitribai Phule’s legacy is etched in India’s history as a pioneering force in women’s education and social reform. Her establishment of the first girls’ school in 1848 challenged societal norms, setting a precedent for educational equality. Collaborating with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, she fought against caste discrimination, founding the Satyashodhak Samaj. Savitribai’s advocacy extended to championing widows’ rights, challenging customs, and promoting their remarriage. Her literary contributions addressed societal issues, enriching Marathi literature. Commemorated annually on Savitribai Phule Jayanti, her legacy remains a timeless inspiration for ongoing movements advocating for social justice, education, and gender equality in India.

Savitribai Phule Jayanti UPSC

Savitribai Phule Jayanti, celebrated on January 3, honors India’s first female teacher, born in 1831. A trailblazing social reformer, she founded the first girls’ school in Pune in 1848, defying societal norms. Alongside her husband Jyotirao Phule, Savitribai fought against caste discrimination, advocated for widow remarriage, and actively engaged in social reform. Despite facing poverty and discrimination, her resilience led her to enroll in a teacher’s training program. Savitribai’s legacy extends through her literary contributions and enduring commitment to education and social justice. Commemorated annually, her life remains an inspiration for ongoing movements promoting equality in India.

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Savitribai Phule Jayanti FAQs

Who was the first female teacher in India?

Savitribai trained at Ms. Farar's Institution in Ahmednagar and in Ms. Mitchell's school in Pune to become the first female teacher.

When was Savitribai Phule died?

Savitribai Phule caught the Plague and died at 9:00 pm on 10 March 1897.

What is the importance of Savitribai Phule Jayanti?

it's a day to remember and honour a remarkable woman who fought for girls' education and sparked a revolution in India.

At what age did Savitribai get married?

Savitribai married her husband Jyotirao Phule at the age of 9 or 10 (he was 13).

About the Author

Greetings! I'm Piyush, a content writer at StudyIQ. I specialize in creating enlightening content focused on UPSC and State PSC exams. Let's embark on a journey of discovery, where we unravel the intricacies of these exams and transform aspirations into triumphant achievements together!

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