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Child Mortality Statistics

 

Child Mortality: Key Highlights

Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR)

  • Registered an annual decline of 8.6% from 2019 to 2020 (32 per 1000 live births in 2020 against 35 per 1000 live births in 2019).
  • It varies from 36 in rural areas to 21 in urban areas.
  • U5MR for Female is higher (33) than male (31).
  • Highest decline of U5MR is observed in the State of Uttar Pradesh (5 points) and Karnataka (5 points).

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

  • Registered an annual decline of 6.7% from 2019 to 2020 (28 per 1000 live births in 2020 against 30 per 1000 live births in 2019).
  • The Rural-Urban difference has narrowed to 12 points (Urban 19, Rural-31).
  • No gender differential has observed in 2020 (Male -28, Female – 28).

Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR)

  • Registered an annual decline of 9.1% from 2019 to 2020 (22 per 1000 live births in 2019 against 20 per 1000 live births in 2020).
  • It ranges from 12 in urban areas to 23 in rural areas.

Achievements of states

  • Six (6) States/ UT have already attained SDGs 2030 target of NMR (<=12 by 2030):  Kerala (4), Delhi (9), Tamil Nadu (9), Maharashtra (11), Jammu & Kashmir (12) and Punjab (12).
  • Eleven (11) States/UT have already attained SDGs 2030 target of U5MR (<=25 by 2030): Kerala (8), Tamil Nadu (13), Delhi (14), Maharashtra (18), J&K (17), Karnataka (21), Punjab (22), West Bengal (22), Telangana (23), Gujarat (24), and Himachal Pradesh (24).

 

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