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World Heritage Day 2024, Theme, Objective and Significance

World Heritage Day is celebrated on the 18th of April every year to promote the significance and preservation of entire heritage sites across the World.  This day is urged to celebrate all of the world’s cultures on World Heritage Day, draw attention to important cultural sites, and emphasize the need to uphold these customs. Know all about World Heritage Day 2024 in this article.

World Heritage Day 2024

Annually, on April 18th, we commemorate World Heritage Day, also termed the International Day for Monuments and Sites. This occasion aims to spotlight the remarkable cultural and natural wonders acknowledged by UNESCO’s World Heritage List. It serves as a reminder to cherish and protect our cultural heritage. Like precious gems, ancient monuments and buildings require careful preservation to withstand the passage of time.

World Heritage Day Theme 2024

The 2024 theme for World Heritage Day, ‘Discover and Experience Diversity,’ celebrates our rich history while urging exploration and appreciation of diverse cultural heritage. It highlights the unique stories and traditions of various communities, fostering a deeper understanding of our shared past. This theme encourages us to embrace the wealth of cultural diversity worldwide, reinforcing the importance of preserving and cherishing our collective heritage for generations to come.

World Heritage Day History

Every year on April 18th, World Heritage Day, also known as International Day for Monuments and Sites, is observed to raise awareness of cultural heritage and to advocate the preservation and protection of significant historical sites around the globe.

ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) introduced the proposal for World Heritage Day in 1982, and UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) later endorsed it during the 22nd General Conference in 1983. To honour the day in 1982 when the ICOMOS was created, the date of April 18th was selected.

The World Heritage Day commemoration is centred on a distinct cultural heritage-related theme each year, such as sustainable tourism, cultural landscapes, or heritage in times of conflict. Events and activities planned by ICOMOS and UNESCO as well as regional communities and organizations around the world commemorate the day.

World Heritage Day Objective

World Heritage Day, also known as the International Day for Monuments and Sites, is celebrated on April 18. The day’s objectives include:

  • Promoting awareness:To raise awareness of the world’s cultural heritage and diversity.
  • Inspiring people:To inspire people to value cultural heritage in their lives.
  • Educating people:To educate people about the diverse range of heritage sites worldwide and the efforts required to safeguard and conserve them.
  • Recognizing the significance:To recognize the significance of preserving and safeguarding cultural and natural sites for future generations.
  • Uniting cultural sites:To unite outstanding cultural sites that are part of humanity’s shared heritage.
  • Reminding people:To serve as a reminder that the world’s heritage sites and monuments are part of the common heritage of humanity.

World Heritage Day Importance

  • Preservation of Cultural Heritage: It raises awareness about the value of maintaining and safeguarding cultural heritage sites, ensuring they endure for future generations.
  • Global Recognition: By celebrating World Heritage Day, countries acknowledge the importance of their cultural and natural treasures recognized by UNESCO’s World Heritage List, fostering international cooperation in their protection.
  • Cultural Diversity: It highlights the diverse array of cultural heritage worldwide, promoting appreciation for different traditions, histories, and identities.
  • Education and Awareness: Through various events and activities, World Heritage Day educates the public about the significance of heritage sites and their contribution to history, identity, and local communities.
  • Tourism and Economic Impact: Heritage sites attract tourists, contributing to local economies and sustainable development. Preserving these sites ensures continued economic benefits for communities.
  • Environmental Conservation: Many heritage sites also have ecological importance, serving as habitats for diverse flora and fauna. Protecting them contributes to biodiversity conservation efforts.
  • Social Cohesion: World Heritage Day fosters a sense of pride and belonging among communities, reinforcing the importance of cultural heritage in shaping collective identity.

World Heritage Sites of India

Below given is the complete list of all the World Heritage Sites of India. Students can go to the list below to know all about the World Heritage Sites in India:

Site Location Year listed
Ajanta Caves Maharashtra 1983
Ellora Caves Maharashtra 1983
Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh 1983
Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh 1983
Sun Temple, Konârak Odisha 1984
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu 1984
Kaziranga National Park Assam 1985
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 1985
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1985
Churches and Convents of Goa Goa 1986
Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh 1986
Group of Monuments at Hampi Karnataka 1986
Fatehpur Sikri Uttar Pradesh 1986
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Karnataka 1987
Elephanta Caves Maharashtra 1987
Great Living Chola Temples Tamil Nadu 1987
Sundarbans National Park West Bengal 1987
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks Uttarakhand 1988
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Madhya Pradesh 1989
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi Delhi 1993
Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi Delhi 1993
Mountain Railways of India West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh 1999
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bihar 2002
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Madhya Pradesh 2003
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) Maharashtra 2004
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat 2004
Red Fort Complex Delhi 2007
The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur Rajasthan 2010
Western Ghats Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu 2012
Hill Forts of Rajasthan Rajasthan 2013
Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat Gujarat 2014
Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area Himachal Pradesh 2014
Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar Bihar 2016
Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2016
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement* Chandigarh 2016
Historic City of Ahmadabad Gujarat 2017
Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai Maharashtra 2018
Jaipur City, Rajasthan Rajasthan 2019
Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, Telangana Telangana 2021
Dholavira: a Harappan City Gujarat 2021
Santiniketan West Bengal 2023
Sacred Ensembles of the Hoysalas Karnataka 2023

World Heritage Sites Tentative List of India

Site Location Year Added
Temples at Bishnupur, West Bengal Bishnupur, West Bengal 1998
Mattanchery Palace, Ernakulam, Kerala Ernakulam, Kerala 1998
Group of Monuments at Mandu, Madhya Pradesh Mandu, Madhya Pradesh 1998
Ancient Buddhist Site, Sarnath, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh Sarnath, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 1998
Sri Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar, Punjab Amritsar, Punjab 2004
River Island of Majuli in midstream of Brahmaputra River in Assam Majuli, Assam 2004
Namdapha National Park Arunachal Pradesh 2006
Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch Gujarat 2006
Neora Valley National Park West Bengal 2009
Desert National Park Rajasthan 2009
Silk Road Sites in India Various locations across India 2010
The Qutb Shahi Monuments of Hyderabad Hyderabad, Telangana 2010
Mughal Gardens in Kashmir Kashmir 2010
Delhi – A Heritage City Delhi 2012
Monuments and Forts of the Deccan Sultanate Deccan region 2014
Cellular Jail, Andaman Islands Andaman Islands 2014
Iconic Saree Weaving Clusters of India Various locations across India 2014
Apatani Cultural Landscape Arunachal Pradesh 2014
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam Srirangam, Tamil Nadu 2014
Monuments of Srirangapatna Island Town Srirangapatna, Karnataka 2014
Chilika Lake Odisha 2014
Padmanabhapuram Palace Tamil Nadu 2014
Sites of Saytagrah, India’s non-violent freedom movement India 2014
Thembang Fortified Village Arunachal Pradesh 2014
Narcondam Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2014
Moidams – the Mound-Burial system of the Ahom Dynasty Assam 2014
Ekamra Kshetra – The Temple City, Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar, Odisha 2014
The Neolithic Settlement of Burzahom Jammu and Kashmir 2014
Archaeological remains of a Harappa Port-Town, Lothal Gujarat 2014
Mountain Railways of India (Extension) Various locations across India 2014
Chettinad, Village Clusters of the Tamil Merchants Tamil Nadu 2014
Bahá’í House of Worship at New Delhi New Delhi 2014
Evolution of Temple Architecture – Aihole-Badami- Pattadakal Karnataka 2015
Cold Desert Cultural Landscape of India Himachal Pradesh 2015
Sites along the Uttarapath, Badshahi Sadak, Sadak-e-Azam, Grand Trunk Road Various locations across India 2015
Keibul Lamjao Conservation Area Manipur 2016
Garo Hills Conservation Area (GHCA) Meghalaya 2018
The historic ensemble of Orchha Madhya Pradesh 2019
Iconic Riverfront of the Historic City of Varanasi Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 2021
Temples of Kanchipuram Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu 2021
Hire Benkal, Megalithic Site Karnataka 2021
Bhedaghat-Lametaghat in Narmada Valley Madhya Pradesh 2021
Satpura Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh 2021
Serial Nomination of Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra Maharashtra 2021
Geoglyphs of Konkan Region of India Maharashtra 2022
Jingkieng jri: Living Root Bridge Cultural Landscapes Meghalaya 2022
Sri Veerabhadra Temple and Monolithic Bull (Nandi), Lepakshi (The Vijayanagara Sculpture and Painting Art Tradition) Andhra Pradesh 2022
Sun Temple, Modhera and its adjoining monuments Gujarat 2022
Rock-cut Sculptures and Reliefs of the Unakoti, Unakoti Range, Unakoti District Tripura 2022
Vadnagar – A multi-layered Historic town, Gujarat Gujarat 2022
Serial nomination of Coastal Fortifications along the Konkan Coast Maharashtra 2024
Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh 2024
Khooni Bhandara, Burhanpur Madhya Pradesh 2024
Rock Art Sites of the Chambal Valley Chambal Valley, Madhya Pradesh 2024
The Bhojeshwar Mahadev Temple, Bhojpur Bhojpur, Madhya Pradesh 2024
The Gond monuments of Ramnagar, Mandla Mandla, Madhya Pradesh 2024
The historic ensemble of Dhamnar Dhamnar, Madhya Pradesh 2024

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World Heritage Day FAQs

Why is World Heritage Day celebrated?

The day is intended to promote recognition of the value of preserving cultural heritage and encourage individuals to appreciate the multiplicity of world heritage.

What is the theme for World Heritage Day 2024?

The theme for World Heritage Day 2024 is 'Discover and Experience Diversity.'

Who declared World Heritage Day?

The idea for World Heritage Day was proposed by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) in 1982 and was later approved by UNESCO.

Which city is known as heritage City of India?

City of Ahmedabad is known as Heritage City of India.

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