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Ram Mandir Temple, Pran Pratishtha, History and Architecture

Ram Mandir, also popularly known as Ayodhya Ram Mandir, is a Hindu temple located in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. As the name suggests, this temple is dedicated to Lord Shri Ram and is believed to be constructed on the Ram Janmabhoomi (birthplace of Lord Shri Ram). The Ram Temple reflects the cultural and spiritual heritage associated with Lord Ram and holds immense cultural and religious significance for Hindus.
Apart from being a symbol of religious faith, Shri Ram Temple is a wonderful architectural masterpiece. As a living testimony of India’s spiritual heritage and the immortal fame of Lord Ram, this temple will play a vital role in making Ayodhya the spiritual capital of India. Check Out the Details of Ram Mandir in this article.

Ram Lalla Surya Tilak

‘Surya Tilak’ of Lord Shri Ramlala was done in Ram city Ayodhya on the day of Ram Navami, the sun’s rays fell on Ramlala’s head in the afternoon. Lord Shri Ram Lala’s Surya Tilak became possible through an elaborate mechanism involving mirrors and lenses. This is the first Ram Navami after the consecration of the idol of Lord Ram in the new temple. Ram devotees across the country and the world have also become witnesses of this moment.

Rram Mandir Inauguration

The Ram Mandir was inaugurated on 22 January 2024 after a prana pratishtha (consecration) ceremony. Approximately 7,000 VVIPs attended the event. On the first day of its opening, following the consecration, the temple received a rush of over half a million visitors, and after a month, the average number of visitors was reported to be 1 to 1.5 lakh daily.

Ram Mandir Pran Pratishtha Ceremony 2024

The Pran Pratishtha ceremony is a Hindu ritual that involves imbuing an idol with a sacred or divine essence. The term “pran” signifies life, while “pratishtha” translates to establishment.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi performed rituals to mark the “Pran Pratishtha”. The main rituals were led by a team of priests led by Lakshmikant Dixit. The event was broadcast live across India and live-streamed on the YouTube channel Doordarshan National for international audiences.

Week-Long Celebration of Ram Mandir Inauguration

The week-long celebration for the Ayodhya Ram Mandir ceremony, which started on January 16, 2024, concluded on January 22, 2024, with the much-anticipated Pran Pratishtha ceremony, where Prime Minister Narendra Modi served as the chief guest.

Date Event
January 16, 2024 Atonement ceremony and Dashvidh bath
January 17, 2024 Procession of Ram Lalla and Pran Pratishtha ceremony
January 18, 2024 Formal rituals: Ganesh Ambika puja, Varun puja, Matrika puja, Brahmin Varan, Vastu puja
January 19, 2024 Lighting of the Holy Fire, installation of “Navagraha,” and a “havan”
January 22, 2024 Pran Pratishtha ceremony, consecration ceremony, and the main event with Prime Minister Narendra Modi as the chief guest

Ram Mandir Murti

The Statue of Rama is a planned monument in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India. It will be 181 meters (594 ft) tall, and 251 meters (823 ft) tall including the plinth and umbrella.

The idol of Ramlala, which depicts Lord Ram as a five-year-old child, was revealed days before the consecration ceremony on Monday. The idol was made by the famous sculptor Arun Yogiraj from Karnataka. The new idol will be called Achal Murti, while the old idol will be called Utsavmurti.

Ram Mandir Murti

Important Facts About Ayodhya Ram Mandir

Ayodhya Ram Mandir Overview
Temple Name Shri Ram Mandir (popularly known as Ram Mandir)
Location Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India
Dedication Lord Shri Rama
Significance Built at Ram Janmabhoomi, birthplace of Lord Shri Rama
Construction Style Indian Nagar Style
Architect Chandrakant B. Sompura (CBS)
Construction Company Larsen and Toubro (L&T)
Project Management Company Tata Consulting Engineers Limited (TCEL)
Sculptors Arun Yogiraaj (Mysore), Ganesh Bhatt, Satyanarayan Pandey
Total Area 70 Acres (70% green area)
Temple Area 2.77 Acres
Temple Dimensions Length – 380 Ft., Width – 250 Ft., Height – 161 Ft.

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Ayodhya Ram Mandir History From 1528-2024

Period Event
16th Century The temple was attacked and destroyed by Babur.
1767 The earliest record of the mosque in Descriptio Indiae.
1853 The first instance of religious violence was documented.
1858 British administration prohibits Hindu rituals.
1949 Murtis of Rama and Sita were installed inside Babri Masjid.
1950 The state took control of the mosque; Hindus allowed worship.
1980s Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) launches movement for a temple.
1989 VHP leaders conduct Shilanyas, laying the foundation adjacent to the disputed site.
1992 Demolition of the mosque by VHP and BJP rally; inter-communal violence ensues.
2005 Terrorist attack on makeshift Ram temple; attackers killed.
2019 Supreme Court’s verdict on Ayodhya dispute; land handed to Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra trust.
2020 Government approves plan for temple construction; land allocated for a new mosque in Dhannipur village.

About Ayodhya Ram Mandir

Chief Architect and Construction Entities

  • Chief Architect: Chandrakant B. Sompura (CBS)
  • Construction Company: Larsen and Toubro (L&T)
  • Project Management Company: Tata Consulting Engineers Limited (TCEL)
  • Design Advisors: IIT Chennai, IIT Bombay, IIT Guwahati, CBRI Roorkee, SVNIT Surat, NGRI Hyderabad
  • Sculptors: Arun Yogiraaj (Mysore), Ganesh Bhatt, and Satyanarayan Pandey

Temple Dimensions and Style

  • Total Area: 70 Acres (70% green area)
  • Temple Area: 2.77 Acres
  • Length: 380 Ft.
  • Width: 250 Ft.
  • Height: 161 Ft.
  • Construction Style: Indian Nagar Style

Construction Materials Used

  • High-Grade “Rolled Compacted Concrete” without Steel
  • Pink Sandstone
  • Granite Stone
  • Shaligram Rock
  • Copper Plates
  • Gold and Ashtdhatu
  • Teakwood

Architectural and Constructional Aspects of Ayodhya Ram Mandir

Foundation Design of Ayodhya Ram Mandir

  • 14-meter thick Rolled Compacted Concrete shaped like Artificial Stone.
  • 56 layers of compact concrete made of Fly Ash/Dust and chemicals.
  • A 21-foot thick plinth of Granite to protect the temple from moisture.
  • Foundation materials include Granite Stone from Karnataka & Telangana and Pink Sandstone from Bans Paharpur (Bharatpur, Rajasthan).

Building Description

  • 3-storied earthquake-resistant structure.
  • 392 pillars and 44 doors.
  • Teakwood and gold-plated doors.
  • The estimated age of the temple structure is 2500 years.
  • Idols made of 60 million-year-old Shaligram Rocks from the Gandaki River (Nepal).
  • Bell made of Astadhatu weighing 2100 Kg, audible up to 15 Km.

Other Features

  • The main sanctum houses the idol of Shri Ram Lalla.
  • Shri Ram Darbar on the first floor.
  • 5 Mandapas: Nritya Mandapa, Rang Mandapa, Sabha Mandapa, Prarthana Mandapa, Kirtan Mandapa.
  • Four temples at the periphery are dedicated to Suryadev, Mother Bhagwati, Lord Ganesha, and Lord Shiva.
  • Temples for Goddess Annapurna in the north and Lord Hanuman in the south.
  • Additional temples dedicated to various sages, King Nishad, Mata Shabari, and Devi Ahilya.
  • Inclusion of Sita Kup within the temple premises.
  • Renovation of the ancient temple of Lord Shiva on Navratna Kubera Hill, with an installation of a Jatayu statue.

Ram Janmabhoomi Movement

The Ram Janmabhoomi Movement emerged in the 1980s, led by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad, aiming to reclaim the site in Ayodhya where Lord Rama is believed to be born. The disputed site housed the Babri Masjid, constructed by the Mughals.

  • Demolition (1992): A rally turned hostile in 1992, leading to the demolition of the Babri Masjid by volunteers (Kar Sevaks).
  • Court’s Verdict (2019): The Supreme Court ruled that a Hindu temple existed on the site before the mosque. The disputed land was given to a trust, Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra, formed by the Indian government for the construction of the Ram Mandir.
  • Ayodhya Dispute Legal Journey: The dispute, beginning in 2002, revolved around the control of the site. The Allahabad High Court’s 2010 ruling divided the land among the Sunni Board, Nirmohi Akhada, and the Hindu party, with the main disputed section awarded to the Hindus. The 2019 Supreme Court verdict suspended this ruling, allocating the land for a Hindu temple and providing an alternative site for a mosque, based on archaeological findings. The court directed the government to oversee temple construction through a trust.

Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra

The Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra is a trust established by the Government of India to manage and construct the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya. The trust was established on February 5, 2020, and is made up of 15 trustees. Mahant Nritya Gopal Das is the trust’s chairman.

The trust is registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) of 2010, and foreigners can also donate to the trust. The trust’s official booking portal allows donors to view and download donation receipts. Donors can also use the “Donation Receipt” service to request and download receipts for donations made through direct deposit.

Rise of Spiritual Tourism in Ayodhya

Ayodhya has seen a rise in spiritual tourism since the announcement of the temple at the Ram Janmabhoomi site. In 2022, the Uttar Pradesh Tourism Department recorded 2.36 crore domestic and 1,465 foreign tourists in the Ayodhya district, marking an 8,342.7% yearly tourism increase.

The construction of the Ram Temple has helped the economic condition in Ayodhya. The increasing number of tourists has created new job opportunities for locals, and new businesses have opened near the temple. Ayodhya is a pilgrim town and is a good place to buy religious souvenirs like idols of Lord Ram, Sita, and Lakshman, and t-shirts with religious text.

Ayodhya Ram Mandir UPSC

The Ayodhya Ram Mandir, dedicated to Lord Rama and located at the Ram Janmabhoomi site in Ayodhya, India, is set for inauguration on January 22, 2024, following a 2019 Supreme Court verdict. Spanning 70 acres, with 2.77 acres for the temple, the Indian Nagar-style structure, designed by architect Chandrakant B. Sompura, stands at 380 ft. length, 250 ft. width, and 161 ft. height. Constructed by Larsen and Toubro, managed by Tata Consulting Engineers, and featuring 392 pillars, the temple utilizes high-grade materials like rolled compacted concrete, pink sandstone, and teakwood. Ayodhya has experienced a surge in spiritual tourism, fostering economic growth and job opportunities.

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Ayodhya Ram Mandir FAQs

What is the significance of Ram Mandir in Ayodhya?

This Ram Temple reflects the cultural and spiritual heritage associated with Lord Rama and holds immense cultural and religious significance for the Hindus.

What is the style of Ayodhya Ram temple?

Ram Mandir complex, constructed in the traditional Nagara style.

What is the old name of Ayodhya?


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