The Kakori train robbery, also known as the Kakori conspiracy case, was the largest railway heist in Indian history. Members of the Hindustan Social Republican Association (HRA), Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan, planned the theft. On August 9, 1925, the Kakori plot took place. In an attempt to achieve independence, this group was founded to carry out Revolutionary activities against the British government.
This article will discuss the contemporary Indian historical event known as the Kakori train robbery. For more details about the Kakori Conspiracy and to prepare for the UPSC Examination, read this article..
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Kakori Conspiracy History
The Kakori Conspiracy Case is a well-known Indian robbery committed during the British period. The incident happened in Kakori, which was 16 km to the northwest of Lucknow, the train’s final stop. On board the train, money that was to be deposited in Lucknow had been collected from a number of Railway stops along the way.
Ten revolutionary militants under the command of Ram Prasad Bismil stopped the train, disarmed the guards and passengers inside, busted open the guards’ quarters safe, and stole the money inside in a well-planned assault. The riders were members of the militant Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, an organization recently founded with the goal of bringing about revolutions in India, including military uprisings. In order to finance its activities, the Hindustan Republican Association committed crimes, such as train heists.
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Kakori Train Robbery Objective
A revolutionary organization with the aim of liberating India from British rule through a revolution that included armed rebellion, the newly formed HRA, later known as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, was founded.
The primary goal of the Kakori Conspiracy was to extract money from the British government, a cause that is supported by money raised by the Hindustan Republican Association. Another goal was to strike a prominent British government target while causing the fewest possible collateral damages in order to raise awareness of the HRA among Indians.
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Kakori Conspiracy and Major Events
On August 9, 1925, the 8-number down train was departing Shahjahanpur for Lucknow. One of the revolutionaries, Rajendra Lahari, pulled the emergency switch to halt the train as it passed Kakori and the other revolutionaries, and as a result, he was able to overpower the guard. The revolutionaries only stole bags that were stored in God’s cable, each of which held about 8000 rupees.
The Kakori conspiracy is the name given to the Kakori train heist. It also goes by the name of the Kakori railway robbery and occurred not far from Lucknow. When the number 8 down train from Shahjahanpur to Lucknow neared the town of Kakori on August 9, a revolutionary pulled the emergency switch to stop the train and passed the guard. This was the highest-profile attack planned by the Hindustan Republican Association.
The guard’s cabin was impartial because it was bringing money to Lucknow from numerous other railroad stations. Only those suitcases containing more than one lakh rupees were stolen by the revolutionaries of the Kakori train episode who fled to Lucknow. Despite the fact that no passengers were explicitly targeted by the revolutionaries, Ahmed Ali, a passenger on the train, was killed in the crossfire between revolutionaries and Guards. Due to this event, the Kakori conspiracy case was categorised as manslaughter even though the rebellious group involved was against killing people.
Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaq Ullah Khan, Chandrashekhar Azad, Rajendra Lahari, Sachindra Bakshi, Keshav Chakravarti, Mukundi Lal, Banvari Lal, Kundan Lal, Pravesh Mukharji, and others were involved in the theft’s planning. According to the declared goals of the robbery, the money taken from the British government would be used to fund the HRA. Promoting a favourable image of itself among Indians was another goal of HRA in order to draw in the public.
The British government launched a massive manhunt after the event and arrested numerous revolutionaries who were HRA members or allies. The leader Ram Prasad Bismil was detained in Shahjahanpur on October 26, 1925, and Ashfaqullah Khan was detained in Delhi on December 7, 1926.
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Kakori Train Robbery and Timeline of the Event
The train robbery was planned by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan. Murari Lal, Rajendra Lahari, Mukundi Lal Gupta, Sachindra Bakshi, and Manmathnath Gupta were among the numerous revolutionaries who made up this organisation. The goal of the revolutionaries was to take over the guards’ cabin, which contained money collected from various railway stations for deposit in Lucknow.
The HRA made the decision to raid the government’s funds on August 8, 1925, in order to buy firearms. On August 9, 1925, revolutionaries assaulted the table of guards and ransacked it, derailing the 8-number down train from Shahjahanpur to Lucknow at Kakori. The British government launches a mission to track down and fund the rebels.
On September 26, 1925, colonial authorities detained Ram Prasad Bismil. The Kakori train incident trial proceeded at the Hamilton Session Court on May 21, 1926. In the middle of 1926, Ashfaqullah Khan and Sir Chandra Bakshi were detained following the conclusion of the proceedings.
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Kakori Conspiracy Impact
At the time of the Kakori incident, everyone in India was aware of the country’s need for freedom and was looking for alternate ways to achieve it. Some leaders, like Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh, adopted this strategy, while others, like Mahatma Gandhi, pursued the path of peace.
The intended attack actually had a much greater impact on the British Empire than it may have appeared to have. Following the Kakori plot, the British government was the subject of numerous coordinated attacks. The executions of the rebels sparked protracted protests across the country. These small-scale organised protests and disruptions caused the empire’s hold over India to quickly deteriorate, and it became very difficult for them to retain control over enraged India.
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Kakori Conspiracy UPSC
The Kakori plot changed the way the system worked. Many youthful revolutionaries, including Sukhdev, Shiv Verma, and Jaidev Kapoor, set out to recognise HRA under the leadership of Chandrashekhar Azad. The majority of the leading young revolutionaries from northern India finally gathered in Delhi on September 9 and 10, 1928, at the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground to form a new collective leadership, declare socialism as their main goal, and rename the Hindustan Republican Association as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. The Uttar Pradesh government has changed the appellation of the Kakori conspiracy to the Kakori train incident.
The history of contemporary India includes the Kakori plot case. Aspirants are advised to learn more about the many revolutionary events that occurred in India during the liberation movement. The ideals that revolutionaries promoted are important from the perspective of the UPSC syllabus.
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