Home   »   History   »   Ilbert Bill

Ilbert Bill, Introduction, Controversy, Conflicts and Aftermath

Ilbert Bill

Ilbert Bill was introduced by Ilbert Bill. The Viceroy of Ripon’s administration in 1883 saw the introduction of the Sir Courtenay Pergine Ilbert-written Ilbert Bill, a piece of legislation. According to the law, Europeans could be tried by Indian courts. British citizens were exempt from being tried by Indian judges in 1873 prior to the bill’s introduction. Only a higher judge could adjudicate on instances involving death or transportation. With the introduction of the Ilbert Bill in 1883, this situation altered. This article has all the details related to Ilbert Bill for UPSC Exam Preparations.

Read More: Indian National Movement

Ilbert Bill Controversy

British and European citizens could be tried in session court by top Indian judges, according to the Ilbert Bill. Previously, only a British judge could preside over any cases involving a British person. This choice was made to relieve some of the pressure on British judges.

The Bill generated a great deal of controversy because of the pervasive racial ideology of the period. Additionally, because India was then a dominion of the British Crown, European and British settlers thought that the Bill was an insult to them and fiercely opposed it.

The European business community in Calcutta, which also included tea and indigo planters, fiercely opposed the legislation. Even covert backing came from a number of leaders. The argument’s basis was a set of deeply ingrained racial prejudices that were common at the time. Opponents of the legislation were greatly influenced by the advertising that implied Indian judges couldn’t be trusted to handle cases involving English women.

Read More: Indian Association of Calcutta

Ilbert Bill Resolution to the Conflict

The widespread public opposition to the law among the British populace, especially among women, forced Viceroy Ripon to approve an amendment in its new form in January 1884. A European, whether European or Indian, who was brought before a judge had the right to seek a jury trial with twelve members, at least seven of whom had to be Europeans or Americans, according to the modified Ilbert Bill. As a result, the revised measure lost the original’s spirit and usefulness.

The newly amended legislation was thus passed on January 25th, 1884, and it went into effect on May 1st of that same year, putting an end to the Ilbert Bill controversy. The updated Ilbert Bill led to the passage of the Criminal Process Code Amendment Act, 1884. The conflict between the Brits and Indians was made worse by the compromise and the discussion that followed.

Read More: East India Association

Ilbert Bill Controversy Aftermath

In addition to causing unrest among the British community in India, the Ilbert Bill also infuriated British officials, who harboured covert sympathies and backing because they did not like the idea of giving Indian judges the authority to try Europeans, who they believed to be better. English women resisted the Bill as well, claiming Bengali women should not have any say in matters involving English women because they were ignorant.

Bengali women who backed the Ilbert Bill disagreed with this assertion and argued that there were more educated Bengali women than educated English women. They also noticed that Indian women had more college degrees than British women did. Long before any British university, the University of Calcutta allowed female graduates to continue degree program in 1878.

Read More: Bombay Presidency Association

Ilbert Bill UPSC

Courtenay Peregrine Ilbert, who served as the Council of India’s law adviser, is honoured by the name Ilbert Bill. Viceroy Ripon, who truly wanted to remove racial prejudice from the Indian Penal Code, introduced the bill in 1883. In order to give Indian judges and magistrates the authority to try British offenders in criminal cases at the District level, Ripon had suggested amending the country’s existing laws. This article has all the details related to Ilbert Bill for UPSC Exam preparation.

Read More: Madras Mahajan Sabha

Sharing is caring!


What was the purpose of Ilbert Bill?

The bill's main goal was to grant Indian courts and magistrates the authority to try British offenders in District-level criminal cases. The British played up racial tensions in both Britain and India and fiercely opposed this measure.

What was Ilbert Bill why was it withdrawn?

Under the viceregalship of Lord Ripon, the Ilbert Bill was first presented in 1883. This measure sought parity between British and Indian judges in the nation and allowed for the trial of British or European citizens by Indian judges. The government had to rescind the law as a result of the white opposition.

Who introduced Ilbert Bill and why?

The Ilbert Bill was a piece of legislation drafted by Sir Courtenay Peregine Ilbert, the official member of the Council of the Governor-General of India, and it was officially introduced on February 9, 1883, during the Viceroyalty of the Marquess of Ripon.

What was in the Ilbert Bill?

In Indian history, the Ilbert Bill was a contentious proposal made in 1883 to permit top Indian magistrates to preside over cases involving British subjects in India. The Indian Parliament passed the compromise-harmed measure.

What was the impact of Ilbert Bill?

Ilbert Bill was a contentious proposal made in 1883 that attempted to give senior Indian magistrates the authority to hear cases involving British subjects in India. The Indian government passed the compromise-severely weakened measure.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *