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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Map, Flora, Fauna, Significance

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary located in the Pilibhit District of Uttar Pradesh, India. The reserve is situated along the Indo-Nepal border and covers an area of approximately 730 square kilometres. It was declared a tiger reserve in 2014, and it is home to a significant population of Bengal tigers.

Read about: Biosphere Reserves in India

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Landscape

The landscape of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is diverse and includes dense forests, marshes, and grasslands. The terrain of the reserve is mainly flat, with some undulating hills in the southern region. The reserve is crisscrossed by several rivers, including the Sharda, Ghaghara, and other smaller streams, which provide a source of water for the wildlife inhabiting the reserve. 

Read about: Tiger Reserves in India

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Map

Here is a Map of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve given below:

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Map
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Map

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Flora 

The flora of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve can be classified into several categories, including:

Type Description
Trees The reserve is home to a variety of tree species, including Sal, Teak, Khair, Semal, Mahua, Rohini, and Asna.
Shrubs The reserve is home to several shrub species, including Ber, Kachnar, and Amla.
Grasses The grasslands in the reserve are home to several grass species, including elephant grass, which is an important source of food for herbivores such as swamp deer and Indian elephants.
Herbs The reserve is home to several herb species, including Kalmegh, Gokhru, and Safed Musli.
Aquatic plants The reserve is crisscrossed by several rivers and streams, which are home to a variety of aquatic plants such as Lotus, Water Hyacinth, and Water Lily.

Read about: Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Fauna 

The fauna of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve can be classified into several categories, including:

Category Details
Big Cats The reserve is home to Bengal Tigers and Leopards.
Pachyderms The reserve is home to Indian Elephants.
Deer and Antelopes The reserve is home to Swamp Deer (Barasingha), Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Hog Deer, and Four-Horned Antelope.
Primates The reserve is home to Rhesus Macaque and Indian Gray Langur.
Carnivores The reserve is home to Wild Dogs, Sloth Bears, Indian Fox, Jungle Cat, and Common Otter.
Herbivores The reserve is home to Sambar, Nilgai, Chital, and Wild Boar.
Avifauna The reserve is home to over 300 species of birds, including the Great Hornbill, Indian Pitta, and White-Rumped Vulture.
Reptiles The reserve is home to several species of reptiles, including Indian Rock Python, King Cobra, and Common Krait.

Read about: List of Elephant Reserves in India

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Tourism 

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is a popular destination for tourists interested in nature and wildlife. The reserve offers a range of activities, including jeep safaris, elephant safaris, and guided nature walks, providing visitors with a chance to spot the elusive Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, and Indian rhinoceros, among other wildlife species. Visitors can also enjoy bird watching and explore the natural beauty of the reserve while staying in comfortable forest rest houses, eco-huts, or camping sites.

Read about: Wildlife Sanctuaries of India

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve UPSC 

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is an important topic in the  UPSC Syllabus as questions related to the reserve have been asked in various papers, including the General Studies paper, Environmental Studies paper, and Geography paper. The reserve is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including the endangered Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros, and Indian leopard. For gaining a better understanding of effective UPSC exam preparation, you can explore the official StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching website. Additionally, the website offers UPSC Mock Test for Prelims 2023, providing an opportunity to evaluate your level of preparation for the exam.

Read about: Physiography of India

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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve FAQs

How many tigers are in Pilibhit Tiger Reserve?

The exact number of tigers in Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is not publicly available, but the reserve is known to have a significant population of Bengal tigers.

Why is Pilibhit Tiger Reserve famous?

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is famous for its rich biodiversity and the conservation efforts undertaken to protect its flora and fauna.

Which animals are found in Pilibhit Tiger Reserve?

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is home to various wildlife species, including Indian rhinoceros, Indian leopard, and swamp deer.

Which 3 tiger reserves have no tigers?

Three tiger reserves in India that have reported zero tigers in recent years are Palamau Tiger Reserve, Guru Ghasidas National Park, and Bori Wildlife Sanctuary.

What is the Pilibhit incident?

The Pilibhit incident refers to an incident in 2020 when a tiger was filmed attacking a forest guard in Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, highlighting the need for better protection measures for both wildlife and human beings.

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