Pilibhit Tiger Reserve
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary located in the Pilibhit District of Uttar Pradesh, India. The reserve is situated along the Indo-Nepal border and covers an area of approximately 730 square kilometres. It was declared a tiger reserve in 2014, and it is home to a significant population of Bengal tigers.
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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Landscape
The landscape of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is diverse and includes dense forests, marshes, and grasslands. The terrain of the reserve is mainly flat, with some undulating hills in the southern region. The reserve is crisscrossed by several rivers, including the Sharda, Ghaghara, and other smaller streams, which provide a source of water for the wildlife inhabiting the reserve.
Read about: Tiger Reserves in India
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Map
Here is a Map of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve given below:
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Flora
The flora of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve can be classified into several categories, including:
|Trees||The reserve is home to a variety of tree species, including Sal, Teak, Khair, Semal, Mahua, Rohini, and Asna.|
|Shrubs||The reserve is home to several shrub species, including Ber, Kachnar, and Amla.|
|Grasses||The grasslands in the reserve are home to several grass species, including elephant grass, which is an important source of food for herbivores such as swamp deer and Indian elephants.|
|Herbs||The reserve is home to several herb species, including Kalmegh, Gokhru, and Safed Musli.|
|Aquatic plants||The reserve is crisscrossed by several rivers and streams, which are home to a variety of aquatic plants such as Lotus, Water Hyacinth, and Water Lily.|
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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Fauna
The fauna of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve can be classified into several categories, including:
|Big Cats||The reserve is home to Bengal Tigers and Leopards.|
|Pachyderms||The reserve is home to Indian Elephants.|
|Deer and Antelopes||The reserve is home to Swamp Deer (Barasingha), Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Hog Deer, and Four-Horned Antelope.|
|Primates||The reserve is home to Rhesus Macaque and Indian Gray Langur.|
|Carnivores||The reserve is home to Wild Dogs, Sloth Bears, Indian Fox, Jungle Cat, and Common Otter.|
|Herbivores||The reserve is home to Sambar, Nilgai, Chital, and Wild Boar.|
|Avifauna||The reserve is home to over 300 species of birds, including the Great Hornbill, Indian Pitta, and White-Rumped Vulture.|
|Reptiles||The reserve is home to several species of reptiles, including Indian Rock Python, King Cobra, and Common Krait.|
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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Tourism
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is a popular destination for tourists interested in nature and wildlife. The reserve offers a range of activities, including jeep safaris, elephant safaris, and guided nature walks, providing visitors with a chance to spot the elusive Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, and Indian rhinoceros, among other wildlife species. Visitors can also enjoy bird watching and explore the natural beauty of the reserve while staying in comfortable forest rest houses, eco-huts, or camping sites.
Read about: Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve UPSC
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is an important topic in the UPSC Syllabus as questions related to the reserve have been asked in various papers, including the General Studies paper, Environmental Studies paper, and Geography paper. The reserve is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including the endangered Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros, and Indian leopard. For gaining a better understanding of effective UPSC exam preparation, you can explore the official StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching website. Additionally, the website offers UPSC Mock Test for Prelims 2023, providing an opportunity to evaluate your level of preparation for the exam.
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