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17 National Symbols of India List, Names & Significance

National Symbols of India

National Symbols of India: Our nation’s heritage and pride are represented by its symbols. These 17 national symbols of India symbolize the culture and tradition of the country, which we Indians spread around the globe. These symbols are also required since they are of national significance and need to be known by all citizens. Aspirants should anticipate questions about India’s 17 national symbols in tests like banking and IAS exams. The importance of the 17 symbols will be discussed in this article.

The National Symbols of India have been deliberately chosen to present the country in the most positive light. They are picked to reflect the country’s culture, beliefs, and the positive traits that are frequently associated with Indian ancestry. While the lotus, India’s national flower, represents spirituality and the purity of the heart and mind, the tiger, the country’s national animal, represents power, bravery, and courage. The Peacock is India’s National Bird due to its royal grace and unsurpassed natural beauty, while the Banyan tree was named the country’s National Tree due to its immortality.

 

Tiger Reserves in India

List of 17 National Symbols of India

Here’s a complete List of 17 National Symbols of India 2022:

S. No.

Title

Symbol

1 National Flag Tiranga
2 National Emblem National Emblem of India
3 National Currency Indian Rupees
4 National Calendar Saka Calendar
5 Oath of Allegiance National Pledge
6 National River Ganga
7 National Heritage Animal Indian Elephant
8 National Animal Royal Bengal Tiger
9 National Bird Indian Peacock
10 National Tree Indian Banyan
11 National Song Vande Mataram
12 National Anthem Jana Gana Mana
13 National Game Hockey
14 National Aquatic Animal Ganges River Dolphin
15 National Vegetable Pumpkin
16 National Fruit Mango
17 National Flower Lotus

States and Capitals of India

National Symbols of India with Names

National Flag of India

The Hindi word “Tiranga” which translates to “containing three colors,” is used to describe the national flag of India. This multicolored flag represents India’s freedom and sovereignty and features a wheel of law in the centre.

National Animal of India

The Tiger, Panthera tigris (Linnaeus), is well recognized for his royal grace, prodigious grandeur, and tremendous strength. Eight native species of tigers may be found in India, which is home to more than half of the world’s tiger population.

Political Parties Symbols

National Anthem of India

The song “Jana-gana-mana” has five stanzas, all of which were written by renowned Indian poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. It was performed for the first time on December 27, 1911, in Calcutta during a meeting of the Indian National Congress in the then-colonial India.

National Currency of India

The national currency of India is the rupee, or INR. Currency circulation is monitored by the Reserve Bank of India. The Indian rupee was created by Udayakumar Dharmalingam.

National Calendar of India

Saka Calendar is the national calendar; it signifies the history of the country and symbolizes the golden era of India.

National Symbols of India

Oath of Allegiance of India

Oath of Allegiance is the the national pledge of India. The nation is kept peaceful, united, and brotherly by the national anthem.

National Bird of India

The Indian Peacock has earned the honor of serving as the country with the largest democracy in the world’s national bird. Pavo cristatus is the scientific name for the species. Peacocks have long been a part of Indian mythology and a symbol of monarchy and divinity because of their grace, pride, spirituality, and beauty.

Wildlife Sanctuaries of India

National Emblem of India

Four lions are pictured on the summit of an Ashokan pillar at Sarnath, near Varanasi, in the Uttar Pradesh state. Its base has the Dharma Chakra, also known as the Wheel of Law, with carvings of an elephant, a horse, a bull, and a lion spaced apart by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. The Indian Government designated this symbol as its National Emblem on January 26, 1950.

National Flower of India

The title of being India’s National Flower belongs to the water lily, a member of the Nymphaea family of aquatic plants. The large, lovely pink blossoms feature broad, precisely arranged petals that exude a sense of tranquilly and elegance.

National Fruit of India

Indians have long referred to ripe, meaty mangoes as the King of all fruits, and they are undoubtedly delicious. Spiced pickles, a staple of Indian cuisine, can be made from the raw ones. Mangoes are the most widely cultivated fruits in the tropical world and are native to India. They are members of the Mangifera indica species.

National Game of India

Hockey has maintained its status as India’s national sport despite cricket’s rising popularity. The Indian hockey team reached its pinnacle between 1928 and 1956, winning all six of those years’ consecutive Olympic gold medals.

National Pledge of India

Here, we’ll talk about the National Pledge, which every Indian youngster swears to uphold throughout their time in school. The National Integration Vow, which emphasizes the fundamental obligations to uphold peace, unity, and brotherhood in our enormous nation, as well as the pledge mentioned in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution, will also be mentioned.

National Song of India

“Vande Mataram” was written by Bankim Chandra Chaterjee for his Bengali book “Anand Math.” The song, which was bursting with patriotic passion and admiration for the motherland, quickly became a favorite among the era’s independence warriors.

National Parks in India

National Tree of India

The Banyan tree, Ficus bengalensis, is India’s national tree. The Banyan, a member of the fig family, spread over a broad region, takes root, and continues to live and regenerate for thousands of years.

National Heritage Animal of India

The Indian Elephant is the country’s national animal. The elephants are on the verge of being extinct therefore the protective major was taken and the Indian Elephant was declared the national heritage animal.

National Aquatic Animal of India

Due to a decline in dolphin populations over the previous few years, the Ganges river dolphin is recognized as the country’s official aquatic animal. As a result, it was designated as the national aquatic animal to protect them.

National Symbols of India: FAQs

Q. What is the 17 National Symbols of India?

Ans. There are 17 national symbols of India namely Tiranga, Jana Gana Mana, Saka Calendar, Vande Mataram, National Emblem of India, Mango, Ganga, Royal Bengal Tiger, Indian Banyan, Ganges River Dolphin, Indian Peacock, Indian Rupee, King Cobra, Indian Elephant, Lotus, Pumpkin and National Pledge.

Q. What is the name of National Symbol?

Ans. The national emblems of India have been deliberately chosen to present the country in the most favorable light. They are picked to reflect the country’s culture, beliefs, and the positive traits that are frequently associated with Indian ancestry. While the lotus, India’s national flower, represents spirituality and the purity of the heart and mind, the tiger, the country’s national animal, represents power, bravery, and courage. The Peacock is India’s National Bird due to its royal grace and unsurpassed natural beauty, while the Banyan tree was named the country’s National Tree due to its immortality. India’s national fruit, the mango, provides insight into the country’s tropical climate.

Q. What do the National Symbols of India represent?

Ans. The national animal, Tiger symbolizes power; the national flower, Lotus symbolizes purity; the national tree, Banyan symbolizes immortality, the national bird, the Peacock symbolizes elegance and the national fruit, Mango symbolizes the tropical climate of India.

Q. What are the name of 5 of the National Symbols?

Ans. The five symbols include King Protea, Real Yellowwoods, Springbok, Galjoen Fish, and Blue Crane. In addition, is the meaning of each symbol.

Q. Which is National Tree?

Ans. Ficus bengalensis, an Indian fig tree, spreads its branches out like young trees across a wide region. The roots then give rise to more trunks and branches. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.

Q. Why are National Symbols important?

Ans. These symbols are intrinsic to the Indian identity and heritage. Indians of all demographics backgrounds across the world are proud of these National Symbols as they infuse a sense of pride and patriotism in every Indian’s heart.

Q. Who designed national flag?

Ans. The Indian flag is said to have been designed for the first time by Sister Nivedita, a disciple of Swami Vivekananda, in 1904. The flag was made up of two colors, red and yellow.

Q. What National Symbols mean?

Ans. A national symbol is a symbol of any entity considering and manifesting itself to the world as a national community: the sovereign states but also nations and countries in a state of colonial or other dependence, federal integration, or even an ethno cultural community considered a ‘nationality’ despite having no political autonomy.

National Symbols of India

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