Neighbouring Countries of India
India, the second-most populous country in the world, is situated close to the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. China, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka Bangladesh and Afghanistan are the countries that bordered India. Myanmar and Sri Lanka share the coastal border with India. India’s land border is 15,106.7 km long, and its coastline is 7,516.6 km long. The only union territory, Ladakh, shares three international borders with China, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. We are providing a list of neighbouring countries bordering India in this article.
After China and Russia, India has the third-largest international border in the world. It is also the most vulnerable border in the world, with vulnerabilities ranging from extreme climate conditions to infiltration.
List of Neighbouring Countries of India & their Capitals
Here is the complete List of Neighbouring Countries of India and their Capitals:
|Neighbouring Country||Capital||Length of Border with India|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative Capital) and Columbo (Executive Capital)||Separated by the Gulf of Mannar|
Neighbouring Countries of India Map
For a better understanding of the Neighbouring Countries of India, refer to the following map which includes every country that bordered India.
Neighbouring Countries of India UPSC
|Name of Neighbouring Country||Important Facts||Important Information|
||Afghanistan is a landlocked, multiethnic country in south-central Asia. It is situated along important trade routes between southern and eastern Asia to Europe and the Middle East.|
||Bhutan is a country in south-central Asia that is situated in the eastern Himalayan ranges.|
||Bangladesh is a country in South Asia that is situated in the Padma (Ganges) and Jamuna (Brahmaputra) river delta in the northeastern region of the Indian subcontinent. Bangladesh, a riverine country known as the “Land of the Bengals,” is one of the world’s most densely inhabited countries.|
||China has the largest population of any nation in the world and is the largest of all Asian countries. it covers almost the entire area of East Asia. Only Russia and Canada are larger countries than China, and it is nearly as big as all of Europe.|
||Myanmar is situated in the western part of mainland Southeast Asia. The Union of Burma, which had been the nation’s official English name since 1885, was changed to the Union of Myanmar in 1989.|
||Nepal is located along the southern Himalayan mountain ranges. It is a landlocked country bordered to the east, south, and west by India and to the north by China’s Tibet Autonomous Region.|
||Pakistan is a populous, ethnically diverse country in South Asia. Pakistan has historically and culturally been linked to its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and India due to its predominantly Indo-Iranian-speaking people.|
||The island nation of Sri Lanka is located in the Indian Ocean and is separated from peninsular India by the Palk Strait.|
Neighbouring Countries of India
Neighbouring Countries of India FAQs
Q. What are the Neighbouring countries of India in 2022?
Ans. Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives, China, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka are the countries bordering India.
Q. How many Neighbouring states are there in India?
Ans. The countries that share land borders with India are Bangladesh to the east, Myanmar to the far east, China, Bhutan, Nepal to the north, Pakistan, Afghanistan to the northwest and Sri Lanka to share a coastal line with India.
Q. What are the capitals of the Neighbouring countries of India?
Ans. Capitals of India’s Neighbours are Afghanistan-Kabul, Bangladesh-Dhaka, Bhutan-Thimpu, China-Beijing, Myanmar-Naypyidaw, Nepal-Kathmandu, Pakistan-Islamabad and Sri Lanka-Colombo & Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.
Q. What is called India Pakistan border?
Ans. The geopolitical border is the Radcliffe Line that divides India and Pakistan.
Q. What is India China border called?
Ans. India China border is called as McMahon Line.
Q. Which Indian state has the longest border with Pakistan?
Ans. Jammu and Kashmir have the longest border with Pakistan at 1222 kilometres, followed by Rajasthan at 1179 kilometres. Punjab has 425 kilometres, compare to 506 km in Gujarat.
Q. Which Indian states border China?
Ans. The border with China is shared by Jammu Kashmir, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand.