Home   »   General Knowledge   »   States and Capitals of India

List of Indian States and Capitals, Map of 28 States and 8 UTs

Indian States and Capitals: India, the seventh-largest country in the world and the second most populous, boasts a rich tapestry of culture and diversity. Comprising 28 states and 8 Union territories, each with its distinct history, identity, and administrative center, India occupies a prominent position in Southern Asia.

Governed by a parliamentary system, the Indian Constitution grants the central government the authority to reorganize states as necessary, recognizing the challenges of managing such a vast nation from a single location. This article aims to provide an overview of India’s states and their capitals, highlighting their significance and contributions to the nation’s fabric.

Indian States and Capitals

Despite the total number of states and Union territories in India being lesser-known to many, the country currently consists of 28 states and 8 Union territories. Each state possesses administrative, legislative, and judicial capitals, with some states hosting all three functions in a single city. Every state is helmed by a Chief Minister. Presented below is the comprehensive list of Indian States, Union Territories, and their respective capitals.

We’re now on WhatsApp. Click to Join

States and Capitals of India History

India is a republic with a parliamentary form of government that is a sovereign, secular, democratic nation. Both its natural beauty and cultural heritage are plentiful in this country. The linguistic, cultural, and geographic division of India is based on its States and Capitals of India. After becoming independent, it was divided into the British Provinces and the Princely States. The princely states had three alternatives once India and Pakistan were divided:

  • Remaining independent
  • Joining Pakistan
  • Joining India

Out of the 552 princely states that made up India, 549 became part of it, and the other 3 refused. They did, however, eventually integrate. The Indian Constitution was ratified on November 26, 1949, and it went into effect on January 26, 1950. The States Reorganization Act of 1956 altered the state boundaries of India based on linguistic distinctions.

List of 28 States of India and Capitals

Here is the List of 28 States of India and Capitals in 2024:

State Capital Founded on
Andhra Pradesh Amaravati 1 November 1956
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 20 February 1987
Assam Dispur 26 January 1950
Bihar Patna 22 March 1912
Chhattisgarh Raipur 1 November 2000
Goa Panaji 30 May 1987
Gujarat Gandhinagar 1 May 1960
Haryana Chandigarh 1 November 1966
Himachal Pradesh Shimla 25 January 1971
Jharkhand Ranchi 15 November 2000
Karnataka Bengaluru 1 November 1956
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram 1 November 1956
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 1 November 1956
Maharashtra Mumbai 1 May 1960
Manipur Imphal 21 January 1972
Meghalaya Shillong 21 January 1972
Mizoram Aizawl 20 February 1987
Nagaland Kohima 1 December 1963
Odisha Bhubaneswar 26 January 1950
Punjab Chandigarh 1 November 1966
Rajasthan Jaipur 1 November 1956
Sikkim Gangtok 16 May 1975
Tamil Nadu Chennai 26 January 1950
Telangana Hyderabad 2 January 2014
Tripura Agartala 21 January 1972
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 26 January 1950
Uttarakhand Dehradun 9 November 2000
West Bengal Kolkata 1 November 1956

India Map with States

Here is an India Map with States and their capital for a better understanding of territories’ location, neighbouring states and many more.

Map of 28 States and 8 UTs

28 States and Capitals of India

Currently, India has a total of 28 States and 8 Union Territories. Three states, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttarakhand, have separate capitals for their summer and winter legislative sessions.

According to the Preamble of Indian Constitution, India is a republican, socialist, secular, and independent state. A democratic parliamentary system is used in India. The Indian President is in charge of the Union Territories. The President and the Governors serve as the executive branches of their respective states. State governments resemble the federal government in many ways. Chief Ministers oversee the state governments.

States and Capitals of India State Formation

The 1956 creation of the States Reorganization Act was a major factor in the semantic reorganization of the borders of Indian states. Later, three different sorts of states—part A states, part B states, and part C states—were combined to form a single type of state, per a revision to the Indian Constitution.

  • States that were once British India’s governors’ regions make up Part A.
  • States that were once royal states make up Part B.
  • States that included certain princely states as well as the provinces of the former chief commissioner make up Part C.

The Act is still recognized as an authoritative player in imposing the current shape and forms to the Indian states, despite significant alterations to the state boundaries since 1947.

8 Union Territories of India

Here are 8 Union Territories of India in 2024:

S.NO Union Territories Capital CM Lt. Governor
1 Andaman and Nicobar Island Port Blair NA Admiral D K Joshi
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh NA Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator)
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman NA Praful Patel (Administrator)
4 Delhi Delhi Arvind Kejriwal Vinai Kumar Saxena
5 Ladakh NA NA Radha Krishna Mathur
6 Lakshadweep Kavaratti NA Praful Patel (Administrator)
7 Jammu and Kashmir NA NA Manoj Sinha
8 Puducherry Pondicherry N. Rangaswamy Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan

States and Capitals of India UPSC

Andhra Pradesh was the first state in India to be created on the basis of a language. It originated from Madras State’s northern Telugu-speaking districts. According to the 1956 States Reorganization Act, new states were created or existing states were reorganized along linguistic grounds. Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.

Sharing is caring!

States and Capitals of India FAQs

Does India have 28 or 29 states?

There are 28 states in India, not 29. The Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh were most recently formed out of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Which is new state in India?

Telangana was divided from Andhra Pradesh on June 2, 2014. So, Telangana is the newly-formed state in India.

Which state is removed from 29 states?

Earlier, there was 29 states in India but Jammu and Kashmir lost its status as a state on October 31, 2019, and it became a union territory. Ladakh was made into a separate Union Territory and split off from Jammu & Kashmir.

How many cities are in India?

India has 48 cities with a population of one million or more, 405 cities with a population of between 100,000 and one million, and 2500 cities with a population of between 10,000 and 100,000. With a population, Mumbai is the biggest city in India.

What is the national language of India?

There is no national language of India as per the constitution, Hindi and English both are considered the official language of India.

Which is the largest state in India?

Rajasthan is the largest state in India in terms of area which covers 342,239 km2 of land area.

Which is the smallest state in India?

Goa is the smallest state of India. Puducherry is smaller than Goa but a Union Territory.

What is the capital of India?

New Delhi, national capital of India.

How many UTs in India?

Union Territories in India India currently has 8 Union Territories (UTs) – Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry.

How many states in India 2024?

There are 28 states in India in 2024.

How many states in india 2024 list with names?

Here is a list of the 28 states in India in 2024, in alphabetical order:

Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Madhya Pradesh
Tamil Nadu
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *