States and Capitals of India
States and Capitals: India is the second most populated nation in the world and the 7th largest country overall. It constitutes a union of states in India with a total of 28 states and 8 Union Territories. India is a union of states, and the head of the executive in each state is the Governor, who serves as the President’s representative. Each state in India has a capital that serves as the administrative, legislative, and judicial centre.
In other jurisdictions, the capital serves as the hub for all three activities. It is a territory with a chief minister of its own. A state has a unique, independent government. The State Government is in charge of carrying out state duties such as law enforcement, health care, administration, and revenue collection.
States and Capitals of India History
India is a republic with a parliamentary form of government that is a sovereign, secular, democratic nation. Both its natural beauty and cultural heritage are plentiful in this country. The linguistic, cultural, and geographic division of India is based on its States and Capitals of India. After becoming independent, it was divided into the British Provinces and the Princely States. The princely states had three alternatives once India and Pakistan were divided:
- Remaining independent
- Joining Pakistan
- Joining India
Out of the 552 princely states that made up India, 549 became part of it, and the other 3 refused. They did, however, eventually integrate. The Indian Constitution was ratified on November 26, 1949, and it went into effect on January 26, 1950. The States Reorganization Act of 1956 altered the state boundaries of India based on linguistic distinctions.
States and Capitals of India List
Here is the List of States and Capitals of India in 2023:
|Andhra Pradesh||Amaravati||1 November 1956|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||20 February 1987|
|Assam||Dispur||26 January 1950|
|Bihar||Patna||22 March 1912|
|Chhattisgarh||Raipur||1 November 2000|
|Goa||Panaji||30 May 1987|
|Gujarat||Gandhinagar||1 May 1960|
|Haryana||Chandigarh||1 November 1966|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||25 January 1971|
|Jharkhand||Ranchi||15 November 2000|
|Karnataka||Bengaluru||1 November 1956|
|Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||1 November 1956|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||1 November 1956|
|Maharashtra||Mumbai||1 May 1960|
|Manipur||Imphal||21 January 1972|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||21 January 1972|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||20 February 1987|
|Nagaland||Kohima||1 December 1963|
|Odisha||Bhubaneswar||26 January 1950|
|Punjab||Chandigarh||1 November 1966|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||1 November 1956|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||16 May 1975|
|Tamil Nadu||Chennai||26 January 1950|
|Telangana||Hyderabad||2 January 2014|
|Tripura||Agartala||21 January 1972|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||26 January 1950|
|Uttarakhand||Dehradun||9 November 2000|
|West Bengal||Kolkata||1 November 1956|
28 States & Capitals of India
Currently, India has a total of 28 States and 8 Union Territories. Three states, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttarakhand, have separate capitals for their summer and winter legislative sessions.
According to the Preamble of Indian Constitution, India is a republican, socialist, secular, and independent state. A democratic parliamentary system is used in India. The Indian President is in charge of the Union Territories. Both the President and the Governors serve as the executive branches of their respective states. State governments resemble the federal government in many ways. Chief Ministers oversee the state governments.
States and Capitals of India State Formation
The 1956 creation of the States Reorganization Act was a major factor in the semantic reorganization of the borders of Indian states. Later, three different sorts of states—part A states, part B states, and part C states—were combined to form a single type of state, per a revision to the Indian Constitution.
- States that were once British India’s governors’ regions make up Part A.
- States that were once royal states make up Part B.
- States that included certain princely states as well as the provinces of the former chief commissioner make up Part C.
The Act is still recognized as an authoritative player in imposing the current shape and forms to the Indian states, despite the fact that significant alterations have been made to the state boundaries since 1947.
8 Union Territories of India
Here are8 Union Territories of India 2023:
|S.NO||Union Territories||Capital||CM||Lt. Governor|
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Island||Port Blair||NA||Admiral D K Joshi|
|2||Chandigarh||Chandigarh||NA||Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator)|
|3||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Daman||NA||Praful Patel (Administrator)|
|4||Delhi||Delhi||Arvind Kejriwal||Vinai Kumar Saxena|
|5||Ladakh||NA||NA||Radha Krishna Mathur|
|6||Lakshadweep||Kavaratti||NA||Praful Patel (Administrator)|
|7||Jammu and Kashmir||NA||NA||Manoj Sinha|
|8||Puducherry||Pondicherry||N. Rangaswamy||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan|
States and Capitals of India UPSC
Andhra Pradesh was the first state in India to be created on the basis of a language. It originated from Madras State’s northern Telugu-speaking districts. According to the 1956 States Reorganization Act, new states were created or existing states were reorganized along linguistic grounds. Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.