Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a protected region in Maharashtra close to Mumbai. Borivali National Park was the previous name of the area. After Sanjay Gandhi, the oldest son of previous Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, it was given its current name in 1996. One of the most popular parks in the world, it is noteworthy for being one of the major national parks located within the boundaries of a city. The UPSC Syllabus includes National Parks topics as a significant subject. The UPSC Mock Test can help candidates prepare for the exam with more precision.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park Details
In Mumbai, Maharashtra State, India, there is an 87 km2 (34 sq mi) protected territory known as Sanjay Gandhi National Park. The 2400-year-old Kanheri caverns, which are carved out of the park’s rocky cliff, are popular with tourists. A significant Buddhist learning centre and place of pilgrimage, the Kanheri Caves in the park’s centre were carved by Buddhist monks between the ninth and first centuries BCE.
They were chiselled from a vast piece of basaltic rock. Borivali National Park was the previous name of the area. Two lakes in the park, Vihar Lake and Tulsi Lake, help the city satisfy some of its water needs.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park and Kanheri Caves
It is situated in Maharashtra, and its previous name was Borivali National Park. The rocky cliff that is located within the park is where the 2400-year-old Kanheri caverns were carved out. The Sanjay Gandhi National Park’s forests, on the former island of Salsette, on the western outskirts of Mumbai, are home to the Kanheri caverns, a collection of caverns and rock-cut monuments.
One of the biggest singular excavations in the nation, the Kanheri caves are made up of more than 110 distinct rock-cut monolithic excavations. The majority of these excavations were carried out during the Hinayana period of Buddhism, but they also contain a number of examples of Mahayana-style architecture and a small number of printings of the Vajrayana order.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park Flora and Fauna
Sanjay Gandhi National Park makes up about 20.5% of Mumbai’s geographic territory and is a part of the Western Ghats biodiversity. Kadamba, Teak, Karanj, Shisham, and various species of acacia, Ziziphus, and euphorbias are among the plants discovered in Sanjay Gandhi National Park. Chital, Rhesus macaque, Bonnet macaque, Black-naped, Bengal Tiger, etc. are examples of fauna.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park UPSC
In Mumbai, Maharashtra, there is an 87 km2 protected region called Sanjay Gandhi National Park, or SGNP. It was founded in 1969, and Borivali is where its corporate offices are. Within the park are the 2400-year-old Kanheri caverns, which were carved by monks out of the rocky basaltic cliffs. Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching