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Nickel Ore, Properties, Uses, Distribution Map

Nickel Ore

Pentlaudite (a mixture of nickel, iron, and sulfur) is Nickel Ore. It is very hard and resistant to erosion. It is also very ductile and malleable. Another source of nickel is polymetallic sea nodules. Odisha has roughly 92% of the resources. Iron ore limonite, which contains 1-2% nickel, is an economically important source of nickel. The remaining 8% of the resources are allocated to Jharkhand, Nagaland, and Karnataka.

Nickel is a hard, silvery-white metal. Nickel does not occur naturally. It is found in association with copper, uranium and other metals. It is an important alloying element.

Read about: Iron Ore

Nickel Ore Distribution in India

The Sukinda valley in the Jajapur district of Odisha has significant occurrences of nickeliferous limonite. It appears as oxide here. Nickel occurs in sulphide form alongside copper mineralization in Jharkhand’s east Sighbhum district. Furthermore, it has been discovered in association with uranium deposits in Jaduguda, Jharkhand. Nickel is also found in significant quantities in Karnataka, Kerala, and Rajasthan.

Read More: Manganese Ore

Nickel Distribution in World

Indonesia is the world’s largest producer, followed by the Philippines and Russia. Australia has the highest reserves, followed by Brazil, Russia, and Cuba.

Country Regions
Indonesia Sulawesi, Celebes
Philippines Rio Tuba
Australia Queensland and Kalgoorlie
Canada Sudbury, Lynn Lake
CIS Sverdlovsk and Orsk in the Urals, Kola Peninsula, Norilsk in Siberia.

Nickel Ore

Read about: Chromium Ore

Nickel Properties

  • Nickel ore is usually found as a sulfide or laterite and contains an average of 1-2% nickel.
  • It is tough and has high tensile strength. As a result, nickel steel is used to make armoured plates and bullet jackets.
  • The hardness of nickel ore varies depending on the type and specific mineral content but typically ranges from 4 to 6 on the Mohs scale.
  • The specific gravity of nickel ore ranges from 2.5 to 4.5, depending on the type and mineral content.
  • Some nickel ore may exhibit weak magnetic properties, depending on the mineral content.
  • Nickel ore has good thermal and electrical conductivity.
  • Nickel ore is not highly reactive, but can react with strong acids and oxidizing agents.
  • Nickel ore can range in colour from silver to black, depending on the type and mineral content.

Read More: Cobalt Ore

Nickel Uses

  • Coins are made of nickel, copper, or silver. Nickel has a long history of use in coinage. The five-cent piece (known as a “nickel”) in the United States comprises 25% nickel and 75% copper.
  • Nickel is corrosion-resistant and is used to safeguard other metals by plating them.
  • Nickel is used in batteries. For example, rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries and nickel-metal hydride batteries in hybrid automobiles.
  • Nickel-aluminum alloys are used in the production of aircraft and internal combustion engines.
  • Metallic nickel is used in the production of storage batteries, as a catalyst for the hydrogenation or hardening of fats and oils for use in soap and food, and in the production of vanaspati.

Read More: Types of Resources

Nickel UPSC

Nickel is a compound found in very low concentrations in the environment. Humans use nickel for a variety of purposes. The most common use of nickel is as an ingredient in steel and other metal products. Nickel can enter the body through the air we breathe, the water we drink, the food we eat, and the cigarettes we smoke. Nickel exposure can also occur through skin contact with nickel-contaminated soil or water.

Nickel is naturally present in foods in trace amounts. Chocolate and fats are known to have extremely high amounts. When people consume large amounts of vegetables grown in polluted soils, their nickel intake will increase. Plants are known to accumulate nickel, so vegetable nickel uptake will be significant.

Read about: Energy Resources

Other Indian Geography Topics

Seasons of India Mountains of India
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Tributaries of Ganga
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Physiography of India
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Types of Soil in India
Ramsar Sites in India
Brahmaputra River System
Hydropower Plants in India
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Major Ports in India
Biosphere Reserves in India
Waterfalls in India

Other Fundamental Geography Topics

Solar System Types of Clouds
Structure of the Atmosphere Himalayan Ranges
Component of Environment
El Nino and La Nina
Coral Reef
Continental Drift Theory
Endogenic and Exogenic Forces
Indian Ocean Region
Pacific Ocean
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Air Pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment
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Types of Rocks

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What are the ores of nickel?

The majority of nickel mined comes from two types of ore deposits: laterites, which contain nickeliferous limonite [(Fe, Ni)O(OH)] and garnierite (a hydrous nickel silicate), and magmatic sulphide deposits, which contain pentlandite [(Ni, Fe)9S8].

Where is nickel ore found?

The global nickel resource is currently estimated to be nearly 300 million tonnes. More than half of the world's nickel resources are held by Australia, Indonesia, South Africa, Russia, and Canada. Nickel concentrations are economically significant in sulphide and laterite ore deposits.

What is the use of nickel ore?

Nickel's ability to withstand high heat reduces corrosion, allowing the metal to be used for decades without replacement. As a result, nickel is used in harsh environments such as jet engines, offshore installations, and power generation plants.

How is nickel ore mined?

Lateritic ore nickel is mined from various depths beneath the surface using large earth-moving equipment. Sulfidic ore, the other type of nickel-containing ore, is usually found in conjunction with copper ore and is mined underground. Nickel is extracted from lateritic ore using extractive metallurgy.

Who is the largest producer of nickel in India?

Nickel is primarily found in the Odisha districts of Cuttack and Mayunrbhanj. Jharkhand, Nagaland, and Karnataka also produce some.


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