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Manas National Park World Heritage Site by UNESCO, History

Manas biosphere reserve, is an elephant sanctuary, a Project Tiger reserve, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is situated in Assam, at the base of the Himalayas. It shares a border with Bhutan’s Royal Manas National Park. The Manas River is where the park gets its name. The UPSC Syllabus includes Manas National Park and all national parks as a significant topics of Environment subject.

Manas National Park About

India’s Manas Tiger Reserve is a very ancient habitat for animals. It was first suggested to be a Reserve Forest in 1905, and it officially became one in 1907, more than a century ago. Then, Manas became a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1928(with 360 sq. km). Manas was designated as one of India’s First Tiger Reserves in 1973 as part of the Indian government’s Project Tiger. Manas Tiger Reserve, for example. Manas was subsequently designated a World Heritage Site (Natural) by UNESCO in 1985 due to its Outstanding Universal Conservation Value. In 1989, Manas, which covers a vast region of 2837.12 sq. kms, was designated as a Biosphere Reserve. Manas was designated a national park in 1990 with a core territory of 500 square kilometers. Manas was established as an Elephant Reserve in 2003 because of its reputation for elephants. In 2006, the renowned One Horned Rhinoceros was reintroduced to Manas as part of the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 initiative. Manas is strategically located in the Eastern Himalayan Tiger Corridor, and in 2008 the Tiger Reserve was designated as its Critical Tiger Habitat for an area of 804.04 square kilometers. In 2014, Manas was designated as a Tiger Source Site for Conservation. In 2016, It received its first expansion, 350.00 square kilometers in size. Within its area, which borders Bhutan in the north, Manas is also renowned for its outstanding landscape variations.

Also Read :Bannerghatta National Park

Manas National Park History

  • Since 1928, Manas National Park has been a game refuge.
  • In 1974, Manas has designated a tiger reserve.
  • In 1985, Manas was designated a World Heritage Site.
  • In 1989, it became a Biosphere Reserve.
  • In 1990  Manas which has a 500 sq. km territory, was designated as a national park.
  • The central region of the Chirang Ripu Elephant Reserve is also Manas.

Also Read: Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Manas National Park Geography

The imposing Bhutan hills, which serve as Bhutan’s international boundary, are located to the north of the Manas National Park. With hills covered in forests, alluvial grasslands, and tropical evergreen forests as its backdrop, the Manas River and it stretch out on either side of the mighty river. The Bhabar savannah, Terai tract, Marshlands, and Riverine tracts are the four main geological habitats formed by the monsoon and waterway system in the Park.

Manas National Park Species Found

Additionally, migratory species find refuge in Manas Park. The National Park is home to numerous animal and avian species, including 450 bird species, 55 mammal species, 50 reptile species, and 3 amphibian species. 31 of these animals are threatened species, and 21 are listed in India’s Schedule 1 of mammals.


Three main kinds of vegetation are supported by the Manas National Park’s dynamic ecosystem: semi-evergreen forests, mixed moist and dry deciduous forests, and alluvial grasslands. The dry deciduous forests in the National Park reflect an early stage in succession that is continually renewed by floods. As we progress away from water courses, moist deciduous forests take their place, which are then replaced by semi-evergreen climax forests. Due to the high soil fertility in Manas, the flora has extremely high regenerative and self-sustaining capacities.


The Wildlife Protection Act lists more than 22 endangered species as Schedule 1 species, giving them the greatest degree of protection available in the nation. These species are protected in the Manas National Park. The Greater One-Horned Rhino, Swamp Deer, Pygmy Hog and Hispid Hare, Golden Langur, Endangered Bengal Florican, and other unique and endangered species depend on the Manas National Park for vital and sustainable habitats.

Manas National Park UPSC

Manas Park is a national park, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve, a biosphere reserve, and a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, and it is located in Assam, India. It is adjacent to Bhutan’s Royal Manas National Park and is situated in the Himalayan Mountains. The Manas River flows through the west of the park and is the main river within it. It is a major tributary of the Brahmaputra River. Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.

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Manas National Park FAQs

What is Manas National Park famous for?

Many endangered species, including the tiger, pygmy hog, Indian rhinoceros, and Indian elephant, can be found in the Manas sanctuary, which is home to a wide range of wildlife.

What is Manas National Park?

Manas national park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve.

Who is the founder of Manas National Park?

Raja of Gauripur and the royal family of Cooch Behar was the founder of Manas National Park.

In which year Manas National Park declared World Heritage Site by Unesco?

1985 is the year when Manas National Park declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

What is Manas National Park also known as?

Manas National Park is also known as Manas Wildlife Sanctuary. This National park is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site


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