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Bannerghatta National Park, History, Location, Objective, Flora and Fauna

Bannerghatta National Park

Bangalore, in the state of Karnataka, is where Bannerghatta National Park is located. It was founded in 1940, and in 1974 it was designated as a national park. It is home to elephants and is situated in the Anekal mountain region. Elephants use the national park as a wildlife passage to travel between the BR Hills and the Satyamangalam forest. The UPSC Syllabus includes Bannerghatta National Park as a significant topic of Environment subject. The UPSC Mock Test can help candidates prepare for the exam with more precision.

Bannerghatta National Park History

In 1970, a tiny zoo called Bannerghatta National Park was founded. It was given the status of a national park in 1974. The national park offers a range of kid-friendly activities, including a snake house, aquarium, pet corner, butterfly park, and safari park. This 260-square-kilometre forest is well known for providing a haven for many different kinds of plants and animals. In 1979, a lion safari park and a tiger safari park, respectively, were built in Bannerghatta National Park. In 2002, a tiny portion of the National Park was given zoo status, and today it is known as Bannerghatta Biological Park.

Bannerghatta National Park Location

A national forest called Bannerghatta National Forest is close to Bangalore, Karnataka. The entire area of the National Park is 65,127.5 acres. At an elevation of 1245-1634 meters, Bannerghatta National Park is situated in the Anekal hills approximately 22 kilometres south of Bangalore. The park is a portion of the elephant corridor that runs between the Sathyamangalam forest and the BR Hills. The Talli Reserve Forest and Bilikal Woodland are close to the park to the southeast and south, respectively.

Bannerghatta National Park Objective

The goal of the Bannerghatta National Park is to support and bolster national initiatives for ex-situ conservation and to strengthen efforts to preserve the nation’s rich bio-diversity, especially its flora. Its goal is to aid in the conservation of endangered species by providing species that have no chance of surviving in the wild one last opportunity to do so through coordinated breeding under ex-situ conditions and the raising of stocks for their eventual release back into the wild when the time is right and desirable.

It seeks to arouse in zoo visitors’ compassion for wild animals, knowledge of the value of protecting natural resources, and awareness of the need to preserve the ecological balance. Fostering chances for research in the sciences, Research on conservation, development of a database for exchange between organizations engaged in in-situ and ex-situ conservation, and documentation of conservation.

Dedicated facilities are provided for the rescued and orphaned wild animals, including appropriate housing, clinical facilities, and management facilities outside of the display area. These activities raise public awareness about wildlife conservation and propagation. It seeks to expand resources for research on the behaviour and breeding of various animals as well as serve as a gene pool and germplasm reserve for future biological studies on wild animals. Additionally, it seeks to raise awareness of wildlife and environmental protection among tourists who are coming, maintain the original population, and increase the declining wild populations of endangered species.

Read About: Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Bannerghatta National Park Major Attraction

There is stunning scenery all around this area. Bison, leopards, elephants, and panthers are a few of the park’s top draws. Additionally, it has a crocodile nursery and a serpentarium. It is always crowded with folks picnicking there. Additionally, it has a Lion Safari where guests can see lions in the open. There are also lion-tailed monkeys, a snake park, a museum, a collection of birds, a cheetah, and other wild animals. The Hoysalas built the very old Champakadharmaswara temple in the 12th century A.D. as well as other sites like a collection of birds and other animals.

Bannerghatta National Park Flora and Fauna

The fauna of this park includes elephants, chital, barking deer, striped hyenas, porcupines, peafowl, grey jungle fowl, partridges, crocodiles, tortoises, pythons, various butterflies, etc. The park’s flora includes the scrub type (dry deciduous forests), southern tropical dry deciduous forests, and southern tropical moist mixed forests.

Bannerghatta Biological Park

In 2002, the Bannerghatta Biological Park, a zoological park, was established in a small portion of the Bannerghatta National Park. The fact that Bannerghatta Biological Park is situated at the northernmost point of Mysuru Elephant Reserve makes it a special ecologically important region. The Park is crucial to maintaining the distinctive floral and faunal variety, carbon sequestration, and regional hydrology of the area.

Ex-situ conservation and increasing the number of threatened species are the zoo’s main goals. Currently, the Park houses and preserves about 2300 animals of 102 different types in natural settings. The Park is dedicated to supporting national efforts to preserve rich biodiversity and United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 15(Life on Land) in order to fulfil the objective of the National Zoo Policy of 1998.

Bannerghatta National Park UPSC

The Park is dedicated to achieving the National Zoo Policy’s 1998 goal by assisting with national efforts to preserve the country’s abundant biodiversity and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. (SDG-15) Life on Land. Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.

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Bannerghatta National Park FAQs

What is Bannerghatta National Park known for?

Bannerghatta National Park is known as the most famous and prominent among all the national parks in India. The park is famous for housing a variety of birds and animals and is especially known for its tiger and lion safaris.

Which river flows through Bannerghatta National Park?

Suvarnamukhi stream flows through Bannerghatta National Park.

What is Bannerghatta National Park also known as?

For the convenience of the general public, the Governing Council of Zoo Authority of Karnataka had decided to rename Bannerghatta Biological Park as 'Bengaluru Bannerghatta Biological Park' (BBBP).

What are the aims and objectives of Bannerghatta National Park?

To serve as gene pool and germplasm reserve for future biological research on wild animals and to extend facilities for studies on behaviour and breeding of different animals.

What type of forest is Bannerghatta?

It is Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests.


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