Q4 (a). “What really matters for success, character, happiness and lifelong achievements is a definite set of emotional skills – your EQ – not just purely cognitive abilities that are measured by conventional IQ tests. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer. (10m) Theory
IQ stands for “Intelligence Quotient.” It is a standardised measure used to assess a person’s cognitive abilities, including reasoning, problem-solving, memory, and analytical skills, typically measured through various IQ tests.
Emotional Intelligence, as described by Peter Salovey and John Mayer, is the skill to recognize, understand, and handle emotions, both in oneself and others. It involves identifying emotions, labelling them accurately, and using this awareness to make thoughtful decisions and interact effectively. The degree of emotional intelligence in an individual is termed their Emotional Quotient (EQ).
I agree with Daniel Goleman’s assertion that emotional intelligence (EQ) is of paramount importance for success, character, happiness, and lifelong achievements, often surpassing the significance of cognitive abilities measured by conventional IQ tests. This perspective is supported by several compelling reasons:
- Success: Emotional intelligence (EQ) surpasses IQ in importance for success because it fosters collaboration, leadership, and adaptability. EQ enables ethical leadership, promoting teamwork and empathy.
- For instance, Steve Jobs, known for high EQ, revolutionised Apple through his empathetic design approach, impacting global success, while many Businessmen like Vijay Malya, Subrot Roy etc. (having high IQ) failed because they lacked EQ.
- Character: EQ holds greater ethical significance for character development as it cultivates empathy, integrity, and moral values. As Aristotle noted, “Character may almost be called the most effective means of persuasion.” High EQ individuals tend to exhibit ethical behaviour, fostering trust and respect in their interactions.
- For instance, Mahatma Gandhi’s high EQ enabled him to connect with people’s suffering, guiding his nonviolent movement for India’s independence, demonstrating that emotional intelligence underpins noble character and ethical actions.
- Happiness: Happiness is another area where EQ takes precedence over IQ. Emotional intelligence helps individuals manage stress, cultivate resilience, and maintain a positive outlook. An emotionally intelligent person can bounce back from setbacks, while a high IQ alone may not provide the same level of emotional resilience.
- For instance, Dalai Lama’s enduring joy, rooted in compassion and emotional balance, exemplifies how EQ contributes to lasting happiness.
- Leadership and Teamwork: Successful leadership isn’t solely about cognitive prowess but also entails effective communication, understanding team dynamics, and motivating others—qualities inherent in high EQ leaders.
- For instance, Mahatma Gandhi’s transformative leadership was rooted in emotional intelligence, as he navigated complex emotions during India’s struggle for independence.
- Lifelong achievements: Lifelong achievements often hinge on perseverance, adaptability, and the ability to learn from failures. EQ fosters these qualities by encouraging individuals to view setbacks as opportunities for growth.
- For instance, Thomas Edison, while inventing the light bulb, famously said, “I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.” This resilience is a testament to the power of emotional intelligence.
While IQ is undoubtedly valuable, EQ is equally, if not more, crucial for success, character, happiness, and lifelong achievements. It forms the bedrock of meaningful relationships, ethical decision-making, emotional well-being, and resilience.
According to Daniel Goleman, IQ may get you in the door, but EQ is what keeps you in the room, and in the hearts of others, ensuring a fulfilling and successful life.
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