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UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis 2023 Question-wise & Trend-wise

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis

A crucial component of the UPSC paper is the GS 4 paper. It evaluates the candidates’ moral character, honesty, aptitude, and ability to make decisions. The format of the test is intended to assess applicants’ knowledge and proficiency in managing challenging real-world circumstances. Therefore, it is essential for applicants to study diligently for the test and become familiar with the GS 4 paper’s format.

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 2023 PDF

The UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 2023 PDF has been made available for the candidates. The exam be administered by UPSC on September 17, 2023, between 2:00 PM – 5:00 PM. The UPSC Mains GS Paper 4  is of  250 Marks. There are 12 questions total of 250 marks in this paper. The exam lasts for 3 hours. Candidates can check the UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 2023 PDF Link below.

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 2023 PDF
 General Studies Paper  Download Link
UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 PDF Download Link

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 2023 Detailed Discussion Question-wise

Candidates who are taking the UPSC Mains Exam 2023 can check the Question-Wise detailed discussion on UPSC Mains Paper 4 2023 below when the questions are available.

Que. No Question Link Section/Subject Marks
1a. What do you understand by ‘moral integrity’ and ‘professional efficiency’ in the context  of corporate governance of India? Illustrate with suitable examples. Ethics – Theory 10
1b. “International aid” is an accepted form of helping ‘resource challenged’ nations. Comment on ethics in contemporary international aid. Support your answer with suitable exmaples. Ethics – Theory 10
2a. “Corruption is the manifestation of the failure of core values in the society. ” In your opinion what measures can be adopted to uplift the core values of the society? Ethics – Theory 10
2b. In the context of work environment, differentiate between ‘coercion’ and ‘undue influence’ with suitable examples. Ethics – Theory 10
3a. “The simplest act of kindness are by far more powerful than a thousand heads bowing in prayer.” – Mahatma Gandhi Ethics – Theory 10
3b. To awaken the people, it is the women who must be awakened. Once she is on the move, the family moves, the village moves, the nation moves. – Jawahar Lal Nehru Ethics – Theory 10
3c. Do not hate anybody, because that hatred that comes out from you must, in the long run, come back to you. If you love, that love will come back to you, completing the circle. – Swami Vivekananda Ethics – Theory 10
4a. What really matters success, character, happiness and lifelong achievements is a definite set of emotional skills – your EQ – not just purely cognitive abilities that are measured by conventional IQ tests. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer Ethics – Theory 10
4b. Differentiate moral intuition from moral reasoning with suitable examples. Ethics – Theory 10
5a. Is conscience a more reliable guide when compared to laws, rules and regulations in the context of ethical decision making? Discuss. Ethics – Theory
5b. Probity is essential for an effective system of governance and  socio-economic development.’ Discuss. Ethics – Theory 10
6a. What were the major teachings of Guru Nanak? Explain their relevance in the contemporary world. Ethics – Theory 10
6b. Explain the term social capital. How does it enhance good governance? Ethics – Theory 10
7 Ethics – Case Study 1 Ethics – Case Study 20
8 Ethics – Case Study 2 Ethics – Case Study 20
9 Ethics – Case Study 3 Ethics – Case Study 20
10 Ethics – Case Study 4 Ethics – Case Study 20
11 Ethics – Case Study 5 Ethics – Case Study 20
12 Ethics – Case Study 6 Ethics – Case Study 20

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis Overview

The Civil Services Examination’s Main GS Paper 4 is a crucial component since it assesses applicants’ ethical and moral qualities. The purpose of the paper is to evaluate a candidate’s aptitude, honesty, and comprehension of moral and ethical principles. There are 250 total points available, and the exam lasts three hours.

Ethics and integrity, attitude, emotional intelligence, public service ideals, and probity in governance are only a few of the topics included in the GS paper 4 syllabus. Candidates must effectively examine certain situations and use ethical reasoning to come up with solutions that benefit society as a whole for the case study questions in the ethics paper.

To succeed on the exam, candidates need to possess a thorough understanding of diverse moral and ethical principles, administrative practices, and decision-making techniques. Candidates can succeed on the Mains GS Paper 4 with the aid of consistent practice and by applying their practical knowledge.

UPSC Mains Ethics Paper Analysis and Importance

As it covers a wide range of issues pertaining to ethics, integrity, and aptitude, it is crucial to stay up to date on the most recent UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 analysis. The exam evaluates a person’s ability to make ethical decisions and how those decisions may affect their behaviour in public. The themes covered in GS Paper 4 must be relevant not just for the exam but also in order to instill in people a feeling of social responsibility.

New ethical issues, the effects of technology on society, environmental issues, and governance difficulties are all discussed in the most recent UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 analysis. Understanding the subtleties of the topics covered in Paper 4 is crucial, keeping in mind the ethical issues at play. It is crucial to adjust to the changing needs as a result of the evolving standards placed on public employees in recent years.

Additionally, being current with trends improves a person’s capacity to tackle complex ethical conundrums from a nuanced viewpoint. It improves the person’s ability to assess situations objectively and helps them make judgements that are consistent with moral standards. As a result, regular updates on UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 via publications like newspapers, journals, and online sites might aid in creating a thorough comprehension of moral dilemmas.

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Trend Analysis of Previous Years Question Papers

The UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 trend analysis shows that the paper is becoming increasingly analytical and applied in nature. The questions are designed to test the candidates’ understanding of ethical principles and their ability to apply them to real-world situations. The paper also emphasizes the importance of current affairs and the ability to think critically.

It is crucial to undertake a thorough examination of previous years’ exams in order to better comprehend the analysis of UPSC Mains GS Paper 4. Candidates are then able to spot patterns and trends in the questions asked and the subjects covered.

Reviewing the publications from past years makes it clear that the importance placed on moral and ethical ideals has greatly increased. Candidates should concentrate on improving their capacity to engage in critical thought about current ethical concerns and come to morally sound conclusions.

The Mains GS Paper 4 must have both theory-based and case study-based questions in order to fairly assess the candidate’s overall comprehension of ethical principles. To accurately assess a candidate’s analytical abilities and moral character, it is crucial to find a balance between the two.

Topics Years Theory Case Study Total
Ethics 2016 4 3 7
2017 3 2 5
2018 2 2 4
2019 1 1 2
Attitude 2016 2 2
2017 2 2
2018 1 1
2019 1 1
Aptitude 2016 1 1
2017 1 2 3
2018 1 1
2019 1 1
Thinkers 2016
2017 2 2
2018 2 2
2019 3 3
Emotional Intelligence 2016 2 2
2017 1 1
2018 2 2
2019 1 1
Public Organisations 2016 2 2
2017 3 3
2018 3 2 5
2019 4 3 7
Probity in Governance 2016 2 1 3
2017 2 2 4
2018 2 2
2019 3 1 4

The UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 analysis shows that case study questions are being given equal importance as theory-based questions. The main reason behind this could be attributed to the need to test the candidates on their practical application of ethical principles and decision-making abilities. Case study questions are a great way to assess the candidate’s analytical skills and ability to apply their ethical principles in real-life situations. They test the candidate’s ability to evaluate the situation, identify the relevant ethical issues and come up with a pragmatic solution. This approach evaluates the candidate’s comprehension of the theory and their application skills as well.

UPSC Mains Ethics Paper 4 Analysis: Previous Years’ Marks Analysis

It becomes apparent that some themes are more dominant than others as we assess the weighting given to various issues in GS Paper 4. For instance, over the years, concerns about fundamentals and thinkers, family and society, and public organisation have always received a lot of weight. This demonstrates how crucial it is to comprehend these values and how they affect decision-making in varied contexts.

Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 2019 2020
Basics and thinkers 80 30 40 70 60 40 60
Family and society 10 40 35 40 10 40 60
Work and office 110 90 85 30 20 0 0
Public organisation 50 70 50 65 30 50 10
Private organisation 0 20 40 45 19 0 0
Case Studies 120 120 120


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UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis 2023 FAQs

What is UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 trend analysis?

The UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 analysis shows that case study questions are being given equal importance as theory-based questions.

How to prepare GS Paper 4 for UPSC?

How to prepare for GS IV Ethics in UPSC
Start early.
Prepare a list of keywords (objectivity, values, moral turpitude, etc.)
The keyword list is the foundation of preparation.
Go through the must-read topics mentioned above.
Refer to the past UPSC question papers and solve the case study questions.

What is the marks of GS 4 in UPSC?

There are 2 types of questions to be answered – the direct concept questions and case studies. Total marks are 250.

What is in GS paper 4 syllabus?

This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitudes and approaches to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life, and his/her problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.

How many questions are in GS Paper 4?

There are 12 questions divided into two sections and printed both in ENGLISH and HINDI. All questions are compulsory. The number of marks carried by a question/part is printed against it.


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