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Stats IQ: Tuberculosis (TB) Burden in India

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Context: India has become the first country in the world to estimate the tuberculosis (TB) burden in-country and launch its own mathematical system to estimate the disease burden.

TB burden in India

  • Reduction: According to Health Ministry, global TB reduction numbers stand at 11% while the reduction in TB cases in India is 18%.
  • Incidence: According to Health Ministry, India’s TB incidence rate stands at 196 per 1,00,000 population, instead of the 210 estimated by the WHO.
    • The absolute incidence numbers for 2022 arrived at using the domestic model, standing at 27.70 lakh in 2022 against the 29.50 lakh estimated by WHO in 2021.
    • According to National TB Prevalence survey prevalence of tuberculosis among Indians aged above 15 years is 312 cases per 1 lakh population, more than double the global average of approximately 127 cases per 1 lakh people.
  • Mortality: TB mortality rate stands at 23 per 1,00,000 people against the 35 that WHO had estimated in 2022.
    • WHO’s TB mortality absolute numbers were estimated to be 4.94 lakh in 2021. The Indian model suggested it was 3.20 lakh in 2022.
  • Treatment success: Treatment success rate of patients notified from public and private sector were 85 per cent and 87 per cent respectively.
  • Compulsory reporting: India made tuberculosis a ‘notifiable’ disease in 2012, making it mandatory for cases to be reported to government authorities.
  • Eradication target: Indian Government is making all-out efforts to make the country TB-free by 2025.


  • NI-KSHAY-(End TB) is the web enabled patient management system for TB control under the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP).
  • It is developed and maintained by the Central TB Division (CTD), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre (NIC), and the World Health Organization Country office for India.
  • Aim: To ensure additional diagnostic, nutritional, and vocational support to those on TB treatment and encouraged elected representatives, corporates and NGOs to come forward as donors to help the patients towards recovery.

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