Q) What are the constraints in India for the participation of women in politics? How will these constraints be overcome by the recently Introduced (One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Amendment) Bill, 2023?(10 mark, 150 word)
भारत में राजनीति में महिलाओं की भागीदारी के लिए क्या बाधाएँ हैं? हाल ही में पेश किए गए (एक सौ अट्ठाईसवें संशोधन) विधेयक, 2023 से इन बाधाओं को कैसे दूर किया जाएगा?
Demand of the Question-The question demands understanding of women’s participation in India’s politics and role of women in society. And understanding of the issue of reservation of women in Parliament.
Directive Word- What- It demands mentioning of points. How- demands reasons for the same issue.
Structure of the Answer
Intro– Start by mentioning data about participation of women in politics. It can be no. of female MP’s in Parliament etc. Compare it with no. of male MP’s. And link it with the constraints.
Body– In the first part, mention what are the constraints, cover various aspects from health & maternity, education, society, patriarchal setup, etc. In the second part, mention how the 128th Amendment Bill will try and solve the above constraints and will improve women’s participation. In the last part, mention what are the shortcomings of the impact of this Bill.
Conclusion- Appreciate the effort taken to uplift woman by Introducing this Bill, along with it, suggest other measures through which same results can be achieved.
Part of Syllabus– GS Paper 1-Role of women and women’s organization and GS Paper 3- Parliament