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Farrukh Siyar, History, Reign, Significance and Final Crisis

Farrukh Siyar

Farrukh Siyar was a vile poltroon who met the same end six years later, in 1719, as Jahandar Shah. With the assistance of two Mughal vazirs known as the Sayyid Brothers, Syed Hassan Ali Khan Barha and Syed Hussain Ali Khan Barha, he held the crown. The British East India Company acquired duty-free trading privileges in Bengal as a whole in 1717 from this fictitious emperor for a pittance of Rs. 3000 per year.

When there was animosity between the Sayyid Brothers and him, he lolled the throne like a puppet in their hands. When this happened, they deposed him, imprisoned him, starved him, blinded him, and eventually killed him. In 1719, the Sayyid brothers appointed his cousin Rafi ud-Darajat as king. This article has all the important facts and information related to Farrukh Siyar for UPSC Exam Preparations.

Read about: List of the Mughal Emperors

Farrukh Siyar Reign

Jahandar Shah’s rule came to an end in 1713 when he was defeated in Agra by his nephew Farrukh Siyar. The Sayyid brothers Abdullah Khan (Wazir) and Hussain Ali Khan helped him succeed to the throne (Mir Bakshi). The Sayyid brothers quickly seized control of the Mughal administration’s operations.

The Sayyid brothers desired to have individual power. The Sayyid brothers believed that only if they had actual power and the Emperor (Farrukh Siyar) merely reigned without governing could the Mughal administration be carried out correctly, the decline of the Empire stopped, and their own position secured. As a result, Sayyid Brothers and Emperor Farrukh Siyar engaged in a protracted power war. The Sayyid brothers overthrew and executed Farrukh Siyar in 1719.

Read about: Decline of Mughal Empire

Farrukh Siyar Farman

The English East India Company received benefits under Farrukh Siyar’s Farman (1717), including tax-free monopoly commerce, particularly in the Mughal subah of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. It was the result of extensive work by the corporation with the sole goal of avoiding paying customary taxes and tolls.

Many firm employees also worked as private traders, and they made an early effort to get the Mughals’ approval to engage in duty-free business in exchange for a fixed yearly payment (pexkash). The firm was spared from paying the traditional road fees (rahadari) in the provinces of Agra, Oudh, and surrounding areas by the imperial Farman (1650) of Shahjahan.

Read about: Later Mughal

Farrukh Siyar Significance in History

A successful battle against the Sikhs, whose commander Banda was overthrown and put to death, was led by Farrukh Siyar. Additionally, the rebellious Rajputs were suppressed. The English East India Company was given some unauthorised trade privileges during Farrukh Siyar’s rule, which was detrimental to the empire’s overall economic interests and, in particular, the subah of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.

He awarded the Imperial farman in response to the unjustified demands of the English, who were determined to establish a trading monopoly in the region (1717). This demonstrates his incapacity and ignorance of the potential consequences of his actions for the nation. Farrukh Siyar’s “Farman” laid the way for colonial control to be established in Bengal.

Farrukh Siyar Final Crisis

Ajit Singh was expelled from Gujarat by Farrukh Siyar on the grounds of tyranny, which alienated him. As a result, when Ajit Singh showed up in court, he took the wazir’s side. When Husain Ali left Aurangabad for Delhi in the late 1718 with 10,000 Maratha soldiers under the command of Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath, Farrukh Siyar was entirely alone save from Jai Singh’s assistance.

Husain Ali said that his trip to Delhi was justified by his desire to present Farrukh Siyar with a (fictitious) son of Prince Akbar that he had acquired from Shahu. We won’t delve into the specifics of what transpired that caused Farrukh Siyar to be deposed in February 1719 and killed in captivity a few months later. M. Amin Khan and Ajit Singh supported Husain Ali in the deposition. Khan-i-Dauran even favoured it.

In contrast, Abdullah Khan thought that retaining Farrukh Siyar in power was superfluous because the Saiyids’ troops had complete control over the fort and all positions that were near to the Emperor were either already occupied by their nominees or were about to be transferred to them.

However, because of heated citywide sentiment, 2,000 Marathas troopers were murdered, and the remaining ones were forced to flee. Jai Singh was lurking 20 kos from Delhi with 20,000 horsemen, and if some of the city’s nobility joined him, it would be difficult to maintain control of the situation. Farrukh Siyar has delayed appointing their candidates to all of the Saiyids’ required positions.

Whatever the problems, the Saiyids would never be able to make up for the mistakes made in detaining Farrukh Siyar and killing him afterwards. After the deposition, they were viewed as tyrants and betrayers of the salt rather than courageous individuals defending their lives and honour by rebelling against an unappreciative master. It also made it possible for the Turani nobility known as the “Chin” to emerge as guardians of the imperial Timurid rule and the vulnerable faith.

Farrukh Siyar UPSC

The Sayyid brothers Abdullah Khan and Husain Ali Khan Baraha, who received the positions of wazir and nur bakshi respectively, were responsible for Farrukh Siyar’s triumph. For the purpose of preparing for the UPSC Exam, this article provides detailed information about the Life and History of Farrukh Siyar.

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What was the importance of Farrukhsiyar's farman?

The British East India Company was granted permission to live and conduct business in the Mughal Empire in 1717 thanks to a farman issued by Farrukhsiyar. A yearly payment of 3,000 rupees was the only need for them to be able to trade freely.

Who was Farooq Siyar?

The Mughal emperor who presided over the empire from 1713 to 1719 was Muhammad Farrukh Siyar. He was the son of Azim-ush-Shan and the grandson of Bahadur Shah I. He was born in Aurangabad, Deccan, on September 11, 1683.

Who occupied the throne after the death of Farrukhsiyar?

The ruthless Sayyid brothers Abdullh and Usayn Al detained and ultimately assassinated Farrukh-Siyar in the early 1719s, and in September, after the deaths (from disease) of two other people whom the brothers had established on the throne, they made Roshan Akhtar emperor (as Muammad Shah).

Who deposed Farrukhsiyar?

Finally, Farrukhsiyar was removed from power in 1719. In the 18th century, Shrimant Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath had governed the Maratha Empire.

Who gave the first farman?

John Surman obtained a farman from Farrukhsiyar, which gave large concessions to the company.

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