Tropical Evergreen Forests
The tropical evergreen forest in India is essential to the wildlife ecosystem, which is known for providing natural habitat to many species of birds, animals, and insects, particularly endangered species such as owls, hawks, cardinals, and mammals such as possums, racoons, deer, and others. There are also several trees and medicinal herbs found only in the tropical evergreen forest. The tropical evergreen forests of India can be found along the western Ghats, the greater Assam region in the northeast, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and the peninsular Indian coastline. The tropical evergreen forests of India, their characteristics, the animal and plant species found in these forests, and their geographical location are all discussed below.
Read More: Tropical Deciduous Forests
What are Tropical Evergreen Forests?
Tropical in India, evergreen forests dominate the natural vegetation. They thrive in areas with more than 200 cm of rainfall. Evergreen forests are critical not only for promoting greenery on the planet but also for the survival of animals and plants in the forest ecosystem. Because there is no drought, the trees are evergreen. They’re mostly tall and made of hardwood.
Read More: Mangrove Forests in India
Tropical Evergreen Forests Characteristics
The Tropical Wet Evergreen Forest of India is typically found in areas with more than 200 cm of rainfall and temperatures ranging from 15 to 30 degrees Celsius. They cover approximately 7% of the earth’s surface. They are mostly found near the equator. They have sparse undergrowth with clearings in between. They have a low litter presence (organic matter settling on the ground. These are dense, multi-layered forests. They are home to a diverse range of plants and animals. Forests play an important role in the environment and ecology. These trees are an important part of Forest Biology and the ecosystem, as they help to promote life in the ecosystem. This enables plants and animals to coexist peacefully.
Read More: Natural Vegetation in India
Tropical Evergreen Forest in India Flora & Fauna
Tropical Evergreen Forests are found primarily in the country’s south, particularly in the Western Ghats. These forests are primarily composed of Ebony, Mahogany, and Rosewood. There are many different plants and animals that coexist with one another to ensure the survival of the species. The coexistence of plants and animals results in the existence of a biome.
A biome is a grouping of all the wildlife and plants that coexist in a specific environment defined by geographical boundaries.
The animals that live in the evergreen forests are typical of a specific species, such as indigenous birds such as owls, hawks, and cardinals, as well as some mammals such as deer, possums, and raccoons.
Evergreen forests are primarily found in states such as Karnataka and even Kerala in India.
Read More: Types of Soil in India
Tropical Evergreen Forest in India Geographical Location
Evergreen Tropical Forest India was once a vast landmass known for its dense vegetation and abundant wildlife. However, as human activity has increased, these forests have been reduced to a delta of rivers such as the Ganga, Godavari, Mahanadi, Yamuna, and others. The Western Ghats forests extend across Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Goa, and parts of Tamil Nadu. The mangroves of the Ganga delta (West Bengal) are one of the world’s largest tidal forests, and the name comes from the Sundari tree that grows in its muddy areas.
Other tropical evergreen forest areas with mangroves are the impenetrable jungles of the Andaman and Nicobar islands. Assam, Odisha, Meghalaya, Tripura, and other states have dense tropical forests. Tropical evergreen forests are important for promoting green and for animal and plant survival.
Many tropical evergreen forests are now semi-evergreen, possibly due to increased human-to-animal conflict and infiltration in forest areas.
To protect our valuable wildlife and forests, we need strict protocols and limits on human activity in these areas to ensure that our forests thrive once more!
The states where these forests are predominantly identified are:
- Tamil Nadu
- Arunachal Pradesh
- West Bengal
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Read More: Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
Tropical Evergreen Forests FAQs
Q) Where is Tropical Evergreen Forest In India Found?
Ans. Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Tripura,
Meghalaya, West Bengal, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands all have tropical evergreen forests.
Q) What are the tropical evergreen forest?
Ans. Tropical evergreen forests are dense and multi-layered, and they are home to a diverse range of plants and animals. These forests can be found in areas that receive a lot of rain (more than 200 cm annual rainfall). They are extremely dense. Even sunlight cannot reach the ground. These forests are home to numerous tree species.
Q) What are the main features of tropical evergreen forests?
Ans. Tropical evergreen forests are dense, multilayered, and home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. These forests are found in areas with a lot of rain (more than 200 cm of annual rainfall). They are extremely dense. Even sunlight is unable to reach the ground.
Q) Why it is called tropical evergreen?
Ans. Because a tropical rainforest is always green, it is referred to as an evergreen forest.
Q) What are the special features of evergreen trees?
Ans. Evergreen leaves are typically thicker and more leathery than deciduous leaves (those that shed their leaves in autumn or during the tropical dry season), and needlelike or scalelike in cone-bearing trees. A leaf on an evergreen tree can live for two years or more and fall at any time of year.
Q) What is another name of the evergreen forest?
Ans. Rainforests, Tropical evergreen forests (also known as rainforests) are the world’s largest single forest biome.