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The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 7 March 2023

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis for UPSC

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 6 March 2023

  • After long years of legislative meanderings, Parliament enacted the anti-defection law (10th Schedule) in 1985 to curb political defection.
  • The first was to curb the act of defection by disqualifying the defecting member. The second was to protect political parties from debilitating instability.
  • Indian democracy is based essentially on a party system where stable parties are a sine qua non of a stable democracy. Representatives elected otherwise than as members of parties cannot run a government, which is a very complex institution that demands unity of purpose, ideological clarity and cohesiveness — objectives that can only come from organised, ideologically-driven political parties. This is true of every democratic country in the world.

 The Hindu Editorial Today

  • India has committed to 50% electricity capacity from non-fossil sources by 2030. But an energy transition in industry is needed at the same time. Most industrial greenhouse gas emissions in India come from steel, cement, fertilizers and petrochemicals.
  • Green hydrogen holds the promise of fuelling industrial growth while simultaneously reducing industrial emissions. Splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen is energy-intensive. When this energy comes from renewable/non-fossil sources, we get green hydrogen. It can serve as an energy source (heavy industry, long-distance mobility, aviation, and power storage) and an energy carrier (as green ammonia or blended with natural gas).
  • India is targeting at least five million tonnes of production by 2030, which is larger than that of any single economy.
  • First, domestic demand is critical. If we are not a big player domestically, we cannot be a major player in the international market.
  • Second, India can be an attractive destination for domestic and foreign investment.
  • electrolyser manufacturing under the performance-linked incentive scheme. Currently, manufacturers are importing stacks and assembling them.
  • Fourth, establish bilateral partnerships to develop resilient supply chains. Globally, about 63 bilateral partnerships have emerged; Germany, South Korea and Japan have the most.
  • Finally, India must coordinate with major economies to develop rules for a global green hydrogen economy.

National Green Hydrogen Mission?

  • About:
    • It is a program to incentivise the commercial production of green hydrogen and make India a net exporter of the fuel.
    • The Mission will facilitate demand creation, production, utilization and export of Green Hydrogen.
  • Sub Schemes:
    • Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition Programme (SIGHT):
      • It will fund the domestic manufacturing of electrolysers and produce green hydrogen.

Nodal Ministry:

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

  • In a two-part piece, we look at the post-pandemic recovery of the Indian economy. GDP grows because demand for goods and services produced in an economy grows.
  • There are broadly four sources from where this demand originates — household (consumption of goods and services), business (small or large business spending in building factories, offices, etc.), government (spending on social sector schemes), rest of the world (exports).
  • With the obsession and resurgence of inflation targeting by central banks, it is more likely that the only way the interest rates are moving, at least in the near future, is up. Rising interest rates in a fragile recovery, especially where credit has played an important role, may have a dampening effect on this growth.

  • Nearly 6.37 lakh Olive Ridley turtles have arrived for mass nesting on the Rushikulya coast this year, setting a new record for the beach in Ganjam district of Odisha.
  • The arrival of the turtles for laying eggs from February 23 to March 2 — which is treated as the mass nesting period — was attributed to the emergence of new beaches near the Podam- petta area, Berhampur Divisional Forest Officer Sunny Khokkar said.
  • Turtles also arrive at Gahirmatha beach in Kendrapara district, which is known as the world’s largest known rookery. Puri and Devi river mouth beaches too host Olive Ridley turtles this time around.
  • About:
    • The Olive ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world.
    • These turtles are carnivores and get their name from their olive-coloured carapace.
    • They are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.
  • Habitat:
    • They are found in warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
    • The Odisha’s Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary is known as the world’s largest rookery (colony of breeding animals) of sea turtles.

Protection Status:

Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule 1

IUCN Red List: Vulnerable

  • The Union Home Ministry of Home on Monday notified that prison authorities across States are allowed to conduct authentication of prison inmates through Aadhaar for extending benefits such as meeting with relatives and legal aid. The Ministry said the exercise was voluntary.
  • Prison is a State subject.
  • The notification said the Ministry having been authorised by the Union government to notify, under Rule 5 of the Aadhaar Authentication for Good Governance (Social Welfare, Innovation, Knowledge) Rules, 2020 and the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016.

 

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India has committed to 50% electricity capacity from non-fossil sources by which year?

India has committed to 50% electricity capacity from non-fossil sources by 2030.

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