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The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 11 September 2023

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis for UPSC

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 9 September 2023

  • The G-20, under the Indian Presidency, should convene virtually towards November-end to take stock of the progress made on the proposals received during the September 9-10 summit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said here on Sunday.
  • Modi handed over the ceremonial gavel to Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva, initiating the process of transition of the President’s Chair for the next round of the G-20 in Brazil.
  • New Delhi Declaration, African Union membership among high points of the event

 The Hindu Editorial Today

  • The climate crisis intricately wove itself into the G-20 summit in Delhi, particularly during the discussions on clean energy, sustainable development and the collective responsibility necessary to avert it.
  • The United Nations’ Global Stocktake, a report that was released just ahead of the G-20 meet, set out the scope of challenges that awaited the major economies of the world even as it presented little beyond what is already known.
  • This stocktake is to serve as a template to guide discussion ahead of the 28th Conference of Parties scheduled in Dubai this November and is meant to be an official reckoning of the work actually done by countries since 2015, in stemming greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
  • Based on current information submitted by countries, the emissions gap consistent with 1.5°C in 2030 is estimated to be 20.3 billion tonnes–23.9 billion tonnes of CO2.
  • The G-20 Leader’s Declaration formally recognised the need for “…USD 5.8-5.9 trillion in the pre-2030 period required for developing countries….as well as USD 4 trillion per year for clean energy technologies by 2030 to reach net zero by 2050”.

About the Global Stocktake

  • Global Stocktake is essentially a periodic review of global climate action which aims to assess whether current efforts will enable us to reach the objectives set out in the Paris Agreement. This includes
  • Progress on greenhouse gas reduction,
  • Building resilience to climate impacts, and
  • Securing finance to address the climate crisis.
  • The Global Stocktake is mandated under Article 14 (1) of the Paris Agreement to assess collective progress towards long-term global goals.

  • India’s efforts to regulate insidious e-commerce trade practices, known as dark patterns, are a welcome step, and long overdue.
  • Examples of dark patterns that have since become ubiquitous include the auto check mark for travel insurance while booking flight tickets; the mandatory requirement of entering emails or phone numbers to access e-commerce sites, which are then used to send text messages or emails that become difficult to block; or birthday wishes that nudge users to buy themselves a gift.